W3cubDocs

/Julia 1.0

LibGit2

The LibGit2 module provides bindings to libgit2, a portable C library that implements core functionality for the Git version control system. These bindings are currently used to power Julia's package manager. It is expected that this module will eventually be moved into a separate package.

Functionality

Some of this documentation assumes some prior knowledge of the libgit2 API. For more information on some of the objects and methods referenced here, consult the upstream libgit2 API reference.

LibGit2.BufferType

LibGit2.Buffer

A data buffer for exporting data from libgit2. Matches the git_buf struct.

When fetching data from LibGit2, a typical usage would look like:

buf_ref = Ref(Buffer())
@check ccall(..., (Ptr{Buffer},), buf_ref)
# operation on buf_ref
free(buf_ref)

In particular, note that LibGit2.free should be called afterward on the Ref object.

source

LibGit2.CheckoutOptionsType

LibGit2.CheckoutOptions

Matches the git_checkout_options struct.

The fields represent:

  • version: version of the struct in use, in case this changes later. For now, always 1.
  • checkout_strategy: determine how to handle conflicts and whether to force the checkout/recreate missing files.
  • disable_filters: if nonzero, do not apply filters like CLRF (to convert file newlines between UNIX and DOS).
  • dir_mode: read/write/access mode for any directories involved in the checkout. Default is 0755.
  • file_mode: read/write/access mode for any files involved in the checkout. Default is 0755 or 0644, depending on the blob.
  • file_open_flags: bitflags used to open any files during the checkout.
  • notify_flags: Flags for what sort of conflicts the user should be notified about.
  • notify_cb: An optional callback function to notify the user if a checkout conflict occurs. If this function returns a non-zero value, the checkout will be cancelled.
  • notify_payload: Payload for the notify callback function.
  • progress_cb: An optional callback function to display checkout progress.
  • progress_payload: Payload for the progress callback.
  • paths: If not empty, describes which paths to search during the checkout. If empty, the checkout will occur over all files in the repository.
  • baseline: Expected content of the workdir, captured in a (pointer to a) GitTree. Defaults to the state of the tree at HEAD.
  • baseline_index: Expected content of the workdir, captured in a (pointer to a) GitIndex. Defaults to the state of the index at HEAD.
  • target_directory: If not empty, checkout to this directory instead of the workdir.
  • ancestor_label: In case of conflicts, the name of the common ancestor side.
  • our_label: In case of conflicts, the name of "our" side.
  • their_label: In case of conflicts, the name of "their" side.
  • perfdata_cb: An optional callback function to display performance data.
  • perfdata_payload: Payload for the performance callback.
source

LibGit2.CloneOptionsType

LibGit2.CloneOptions

Matches the git_clone_options struct.

The fields represent:

  • version: version of the struct in use, in case this changes later. For now, always 1.
  • checkout_opts: The options for performing the checkout of the remote as part of the clone.
  • fetch_opts: The options for performing the pre-checkout fetch of the remote as part of the clone.
  • bare: If 0, clone the full remote repository. If non-zero, perform a bare clone, in which there is no local copy of the source files in the repository and the gitdir and workdir are the same.
  • localclone: Flag whether to clone a local object database or do a fetch. The default is to let git decide. It will not use the git-aware transport for a local clone, but will use it for URLs which begin with file://.
  • checkout_branch: The name of the branch to checkout. If an empty string, the default branch of the remote will be checked out.
  • repository_cb: An optional callback which will be used to create the new repository into which the clone is made.
  • repository_cb_payload: The payload for the repository callback.
  • remote_cb: An optional callback used to create the GitRemote before making the clone from it.
  • remote_cb_payload: The payload for the remote callback.
source

LibGit2.DescribeOptionsType

LibGit2.DescribeOptions

Matches the git_describe_options struct.

The fields represent:

  • version: version of the struct in use, in case this changes later. For now, always 1.
  • max_candidates_tags: consider this many most recent tags in refs/tags to describe a commit. Defaults to 10 (so that the 10 most recent tags would be examined to see if they describe a commit).
  • describe_strategy: whether to consider all entries in refs/tags (equivalent to git-describe --tags) or all entries in refs/ (equivalent to git-describe --all). The default is to only show annotated tags. If Consts.DESCRIBE_TAGS is passed, all tags, annotated or not, will be considered. If Consts.DESCRIBE_ALL is passed, any ref in refs/ will be considered.
  • pattern: only consider tags which match pattern. Supports glob expansion.
  • only_follow_first_parent: when finding the distance from a matching reference to the described object, only consider the distance from the first parent.
  • show_commit_oid_as_fallback: if no matching reference can be found which describes a commit, show the commit's GitHash instead of throwing an error (the default behavior).
source

LibGit2.DescribeFormatOptionsType

LibGit2.DescribeFormatOptions

Matches the git_describe_format_options struct.

The fields represent:

  • version: version of the struct in use, in case this changes later. For now, always 1.
  • abbreviated_size: lower bound on the size of the abbreviated GitHash to use, defaulting to 7.
  • always_use_long_format: set to 1 to use the long format for strings even if a short format can be used.
  • dirty_suffix: if set, this will be appended to the end of the description string if the workdir is dirty.
source

LibGit2.DiffDeltaType

LibGit2.DiffDelta

Description of changes to one entry. Matches the git_diff_delta struct.

The fields represent:

  • status: One of Consts.DELTA_STATUS, indicating whether the file has been added/modified/deleted.
  • flags: Flags for the delta and the objects on each side. Determines whether to treat the file(s) as binary/text, whether they exist on each side of the diff, and whether the object ids are known to be correct.
  • similarity: Used to indicate if a file has been renamed or copied.
  • nfiles: The number of files in the delta (for instance, if the delta was run on a submodule commit id, it may contain more than one file).
  • old_file: A DiffFile containing information about the file(s) before the changes.
  • new_file: A DiffFile containing information about the file(s) after the changes.
source

LibGit2.DiffFileType

LibGit2.DiffFile

Description of one side of a delta. Matches the git_diff_file struct.

The fields represent:

  • id: the GitHash of the item in the diff. If the item is empty on this side of the diff (for instance, if the diff is of the removal of a file), this will be GitHash(0).
  • path: a NULL terminated path to the item relative to the working directory of the repository.
  • size: the size of the item in bytes.
  • flags: a combination of the git_diff_flag_t flags. The ith bit of this integer sets the ith flag.
  • mode: the stat mode for the item.
  • id_abbrev: only present in LibGit2 versions newer than or equal to 0.25.0. The length of the id field when converted using string. Usually equal to OID_HEXSZ (40).
source

LibGit2.DiffOptionsStructType

LibGit2.DiffOptionsStruct

Matches the git_diff_options struct.

The fields represent:

  • version: version of the struct in use, in case this changes later. For now, always 1.
  • flags: flags controlling which files will appear in the diff. Defaults to DIFF_NORMAL.
  • ignore_submodules: whether to look at files in submodules or not. Defaults to SUBMODULE_IGNORE_UNSPECIFIED, which means the submodule's configuration will control whether it appears in the diff or not.
  • pathspec: path to files to include in the diff. Default is to use all files in the repository.
  • notify_cb: optional callback which will notify the user of changes to the diff as file deltas are added to it.
  • progress_cb: optional callback which will display diff progress. Only relevant on libgit2 versions at least as new as 0.24.0.
  • payload: the payload to pass to notify_cb and progress_cb.
  • context_lines: the number of unchanged lines used to define the edges of a hunk. This is also the number of lines which will be shown before/after a hunk to provide context. Default is 3.
  • interhunk_lines: the maximum number of unchanged lines between two separate hunks allowed before the hunks will be combined. Default is 0.
  • id_abbrev: sets the length of the abbreviated GitHash to print. Default is 7.
  • max_size: the maximum file size of a blob. Above this size, it will be treated as a binary blob. The default is 512 MB.
  • old_prefix: the virtual file directory in which to place old files on one side of the diff. Default is "a".
  • new_prefix: the virtual file directory in which to place new files on one side of the diff. Default is "b".
source

LibGit2.FetchHeadType

LibGit2.FetchHead

Contains the information about HEAD during a fetch, including the name and URL of the branch fetched from, the oid of the HEAD, and whether the fetched HEAD has been merged locally.

The fields represent:

  • name: The name in the local reference database of the fetch head, for example, "refs/heads/master".
  • url: The URL of the fetch head.
  • oid: The GitHash of the tip of the fetch head.
  • ismerge: Boolean flag indicating whether the changes at the remote have been merged into the local copy yet or not. If true, the local copy is up to date with the remote fetch head.
source

LibGit2.FetchOptionsType

LibGit2.FetchOptions

Matches the git_fetch_options struct.

The fields represent:

  • version: version of the struct in use, in case this changes later. For now, always 1.
  • callbacks: remote callbacks to use during the fetch.
  • prune: whether to perform a prune after the fetch or not. The default is to use the setting from the GitConfig.
  • update_fetchhead: whether to update the FetchHead after the fetch. The default is to perform the update, which is the normal git behavior.
  • download_tags: whether to download tags present at the remote or not. The default is to request the tags for objects which are being downloaded anyway from the server.
  • proxy_opts: options for connecting to the remote through a proxy. See ProxyOptions. Only present on libgit2 versions newer than or equal to 0.25.0.
  • custom_headers: any extra headers needed for the fetch. Only present on libgit2 versions newer than or equal to 0.24.0.
source

LibGit2.GitAnnotatedType

GitAnnotated(repo::GitRepo, commit_id::GitHash)
GitAnnotated(repo::GitRepo, ref::GitReference)
GitAnnotated(repo::GitRepo, fh::FetchHead)
GitAnnotated(repo::GitRepo, comittish::AbstractString)

An annotated git commit carries with it information about how it was looked up and why, so that rebase or merge operations have more information about the context of the commit. Conflict files contain information about the source/target branches in the merge which are conflicting, for instance. An annotated commit can refer to the tip of a remote branch, for instance when a FetchHead is passed, or to a branch head described using GitReference.

source

LibGit2.GitBlameType

GitBlame(repo::GitRepo, path::AbstractString; options::BlameOptions=BlameOptions())

Construct a GitBlame object for the file at path, using change information gleaned from the history of repo. The GitBlame object records who changed which chunks of the file when, and how. options controls how to separate the contents of the file and which commits to probe - see BlameOptions for more information.

source

LibGit2.GitBlobType

GitBlob(repo::GitRepo, hash::AbstractGitHash)
GitBlob(repo::GitRepo, spec::AbstractString)

Return a GitBlob object from repo specified by hash/spec.

  • hash is a full (GitHash) or partial (GitShortHash) hash.
  • spec is a textual specification: see the git docs for a full list.
source

LibGit2.GitCommitType

GitCommit(repo::GitRepo, hash::AbstractGitHash)
GitCommit(repo::GitRepo, spec::AbstractString)

Return a GitCommit object from repo specified by hash/spec.

  • hash is a full (GitHash) or partial (GitShortHash) hash.
  • spec is a textual specification: see the git docs for a full list.
source

LibGit2.GitHashType

GitHash

A git object identifier, based on the sha-1 hash. It is a 20 byte string (40 hex digits) used to identify a GitObject in a repository.

source

LibGit2.GitObjectType

GitObject(repo::GitRepo, hash::AbstractGitHash)
GitObject(repo::GitRepo, spec::AbstractString)

Return the specified object (GitCommit, GitBlob, GitTree or GitTag) from repo specified by hash/spec.

  • hash is a full (GitHash) or partial (GitShortHash) hash.
  • spec is a textual specification: see the git docs for a full list.
source

LibGit2.GitRemoteType

GitRemote(repo::GitRepo, rmt_name::AbstractString, rmt_url::AbstractString) -> GitRemote

Look up a remote git repository using its name and URL. Uses the default fetch refspec.

Examples

repo = LibGit2.init(repo_path)
remote = LibGit2.GitRemote(repo, "upstream", repo_url)
source
GitRemote(repo::GitRepo, rmt_name::AbstractString, rmt_url::AbstractString, fetch_spec::AbstractString) -> GitRemote

Look up a remote git repository using the repository's name and URL, as well as specifications for how to fetch from the remote (e.g. which remote branch to fetch from).

Examples

repo = LibGit2.init(repo_path)
refspec = "+refs/heads/mybranch:refs/remotes/origin/mybranch"
remote = LibGit2.GitRemote(repo, "upstream", repo_url, refspec)
source

LibGit2.GitRemoteAnonFunction

GitRemoteAnon(repo::GitRepo, url::AbstractString) -> GitRemote

Look up a remote git repository using only its URL, not its name.

Examples

repo = LibGit2.init(repo_path)
remote = LibGit2.GitRemoteAnon(repo, repo_url)
source

LibGit2.GitRepoType

LibGit2.GitRepo(path::AbstractString)

Open a git repository at path.

source

LibGit2.GitRepoExtFunction

LibGit2.GitRepoExt(path::AbstractString, flags::Cuint = Cuint(Consts.REPOSITORY_OPEN_DEFAULT))

Open a git repository at path with extended controls (for instance, if the current user must be a member of a special access group to read path).

source

LibGit2.GitRevWalkerType

GitRevWalker(repo::GitRepo)

A GitRevWalker walks through the revisions (i.e. commits) of a git repository repo. It is a collection of the commits in the repository, and supports iteration and calls to map and count (for instance, count could be used to determine what percentage of commits in a repository were made by a certain author).

cnt = LibGit2.with(LibGit2.GitRevWalker(repo)) do walker
    count((oid,repo)->(oid == commit_oid1), walker, oid=commit_oid1, by=LibGit2.Consts.SORT_TIME)
end

Here, count finds the number of commits along the walk with a certain GitHash. Since the GitHash is unique to a commit, cnt will be 1.

source

LibGit2.GitShortHashType

GitShortHash(hash::GitHash, len::Integer)

A shortened git object identifier, which can be used to identify a git object when it is unique, consisting of the initial len hexadecimal digits of hash (the remaining digits are ignored).

source

LibGit2.GitSignatureType

LibGit2.GitSignature

This is a Julia wrapper around a pointer to a git_signature object.

source

LibGit2.GitStatusType

LibGit2.GitStatus(repo::GitRepo; status_opts=StatusOptions())

Collect information about the status of each file in the git repository repo (e.g. is the file modified, staged, etc.). status_opts can be used to set various options, for instance whether or not to look at untracked files or whether to include submodules or not. See StatusOptions for more information.

source

LibGit2.GitTagType

GitTag(repo::GitRepo, hash::AbstractGitHash)
GitTag(repo::GitRepo, spec::AbstractString)

Return a GitTag object from repo specified by hash/spec.

  • hash is a full (GitHash) or partial (GitShortHash) hash.
  • spec is a textual specification: see the git docs for a full list.
source

LibGit2.GitTreeType

GitTree(repo::GitRepo, hash::AbstractGitHash)
GitTree(repo::GitRepo, spec::AbstractString)

Return a GitTree object from repo specified by hash/spec.

  • hash is a full (GitHash) or partial (GitShortHash) hash.
  • spec is a textual specification: see the git docs for a full list.
source

LibGit2.IndexEntryType

LibGit2.IndexEntry

In-memory representation of a file entry in the index. Matches the git_index_entry struct.

source

LibGit2.IndexTimeType

LibGit2.IndexTime

Matches the git_index_time struct.

source

LibGit2.BlameOptionsType

LibGit2.BlameOptions

Matches the git_blame_options struct.

The fields represent:

  • version: version of the struct in use, in case this changes later. For now, always 1.
  • flags: one of Consts.BLAME_NORMAL or Consts.BLAME_FIRST_PARENT (the other blame flags are not yet implemented by libgit2).
  • min_match_characters: the minimum number of alphanumeric characters which much change in a commit in order for the change to be associated with that commit. The default is 20. Only takes effect if one of the Consts.BLAME_*_COPIES flags are used, which libgit2 does not implement yet.
  • newest_commit: the GitHash of the newest commit from which to look at changes.
  • oldest_commit: the GitHash of the oldest commit from which to look at changes.
  • min_line: the first line of the file from which to starting blaming. The default is 1.
  • max_line: the last line of the file to which to blame. The default is 0, meaning the last line of the file.
source

LibGit2.MergeOptionsType

LibGit2.MergeOptions

Matches the git_merge_options struct.

The fields represent:

  • version: version of the struct in use, in case this changes later. For now, always 1.
  • flags: an enum for flags describing merge behavior. Defined in git_merge_flag_t. The corresponding Julia enum is GIT_MERGE and has values:
    • MERGE_FIND_RENAMES: detect if a file has been renamed between the common ancestor and the "ours" or "theirs" side of the merge. Allows merges where a file has been renamed.
    • MERGE_FAIL_ON_CONFLICT: exit immediately if a conflict is found rather than trying to resolve it.
    • MERGE_SKIP_REUC: do not write the REUC extension on the index resulting from the merge.
    • MERGE_NO_RECURSIVE: if the commits being merged have multiple merge bases, use the first one, rather than trying to recursively merge the bases.
  • rename_threshold: how similar two files must to consider one a rename of the other. This is an integer that sets the percentage similarity. The default is 50.
  • target_limit: the maximum number of files to compare with to look for renames. The default is 200.
  • metric: optional custom function to use to determine the similarity between two files for rename detection.
  • recursion_limit: the upper limit on the number of merges of common ancestors to perform to try to build a new virtual merge base for the merge. The default is no limit. This field is only present on libgit2 versions newer than 0.24.0.
  • default_driver: the merge driver to use if both sides have changed. This field is only present on libgit2 versions newer than 0.25.0.
  • file_favor: how to handle conflicting file contents for the text driver.
    • MERGE_FILE_FAVOR_NORMAL: if both sides of the merge have changes to a section, make a note of the conflict in the index which git checkout will use to create a merge file, which the user can then reference to resolve the conflicts. This is the default.
    • MERGE_FILE_FAVOR_OURS: if both sides of the merge have changes to a section, use the version in the "ours" side of the merge in the index.
    • MERGE_FILE_FAVOR_THEIRS: if both sides of the merge have changes to a section, use the version in the "theirs" side of the merge in the index.
    • MERGE_FILE_FAVOR_UNION: if both sides of the merge have changes to a section, include each unique line from both sides in the file which is put into the index.
  • file_flags: guidelines for merging files.
source

LibGit2.ProxyOptionsType

LibGit2.ProxyOptions

Options for connecting through a proxy.

Matches the git_proxy_options struct.

The fields represent:

  • version: version of the struct in use, in case this changes later. For now, always 1.
  • proxytype: an enum for the type of proxy to use. Defined in git_proxy_t. The corresponding Julia enum is GIT_PROXY and has values:
    • PROXY_NONE: do not attempt the connection through a proxy.
    • PROXY_AUTO: attempt to figure out the proxy configuration from the git configuration.
    • PROXY_SPECIFIED: connect using the URL given in the url field of this struct.
    Default is to auto-detect the proxy type.
  • url: the URL of the proxy.
  • credential_cb: a pointer to a callback function which will be called if the remote requires authentication to connect.
  • certificate_cb: a pointer to a callback function which will be called if certificate verification fails. This lets the user decide whether or not to keep connecting. If the function returns 1, connecting will be allowed. If it returns 0, the connection will not be allowed. A negative value can be used to return errors.
  • payload: the payload to be provided to the two callback functions.

Examples

julia> fo = LibGit2.FetchOptions(
           proxy_opts = LibGit2.ProxyOptions(url = Cstring("https://my_proxy_url.com")))

julia> fetch(remote, "master", options=fo)
source

LibGit2.PushOptionsType

LibGit2.PushOptions

Matches the git_push_options struct.

The fields represent:

  • version: version of the struct in use, in case this changes later. For now, always 1.
  • parallelism: if a pack file must be created, this variable sets the number of worker threads which will be spawned by the packbuilder. If 0, the packbuilder will auto-set the number of threads to use. The default is 1.
  • callbacks: the callbacks (e.g. for authentication with the remote) to use for the push.
  • proxy_opts: only relevant if the LibGit2 version is greater than or equal to 0.25.0. Sets options for using a proxy to communicate with a remote. See ProxyOptions for more information.
  • custom_headers: only relevant if the LibGit2 version is greater than or equal to 0.24.0. Extra headers needed for the push operation.
source

LibGit2.RebaseOperationType

LibGit2.RebaseOperation

Describes a single instruction/operation to be performed during the rebase. Matches the git_rebase_operation struct.

The fields represent:

  • optype: the type of rebase operation currently being performed. The options are:
    • REBASE_OPERATION_PICK: cherry-pick the commit in question.
    • REBASE_OPERATION_REWORD: cherry-pick the commit in question, but rewrite its message using the prompt.
    • REBASE_OPERATION_EDIT: cherry-pick the commit in question, but allow the user to edit the commit's contents and its message.
    • REBASE_OPERATION_SQUASH: squash the commit in question into the previous commit. The commit messages of the two commits will be merged.
    • REBASE_OPERATION_FIXUP: squash the commit in question into the previous commit. Only the commit message of the previous commit will be used.
    • REBASE_OPERATION_EXEC: do not cherry-pick a commit. Run a command and continue if the command exits successfully.
  • id: the GitHash of the commit being worked on during this rebase step.
  • exec: in case REBASE_OPERATION_EXEC is used, the command to run during this step (for instance, running the test suite after each commit).
source

LibGit2.RebaseOptionsType

LibGit2.RebaseOptions

Matches the git_rebase_options struct.

The fields represent:

  • version: version of the struct in use, in case this changes later. For now, always 1.
  • quiet: inform other git clients helping with/working on the rebase that the rebase should be done "quietly". Used for interoperability. The default is 1.
  • inmemory: start an in-memory rebase. Callers working on the rebase can go through its steps and commit any changes, but cannot rewind HEAD or update the repository. The workdir will not be modified. Only present on libgit2 versions newer than or equal to 0.24.0.
  • rewrite_notes_ref: name of the reference to notes to use to rewrite the commit notes as the rebase is finished.
  • merge_opts: merge options controlling how the trees will be merged at each rebase step. Only present on libgit2 versions newer than or equal to 0.24.0.
  • checkout_opts: checkout options for writing files when initializing the rebase, stepping through it, and aborting it. See CheckoutOptions for more information.
source

LibGit2.RemoteCallbacksType

LibGit2.RemoteCallbacks

Callback settings. Matches the git_remote_callbacks struct.

source

LibGit2.SignatureStructType

LibGit2.SignatureStruct

An action signature (e.g. for committers, taggers, etc). Matches the git_signature struct.

The fields represent:

  • name: The full name of the committer or author of the commit.
  • email: The email at which the committer/author can be contacted.
  • when: a TimeStruct indicating when the commit was authored/committed into the repository.
source

LibGit2.StatusEntryType

LibGit2.StatusEntry

Providing the differences between the file as it exists in HEAD and the index, and providing the differences between the index and the working directory. Matches the git_status_entry struct.

The fields represent:

  • status: contains the status flags for the file, indicating if it is current, or has been changed in some way in the index or work tree.
  • head_to_index: a pointer to a DiffDelta which encapsulates the difference(s) between the file as it exists in HEAD and in the index.
  • index_to_workdir: a pointer to a DiffDelta which encapsulates the difference(s) between the file as it exists in the index and in the workdir.
source

LibGit2.StatusOptionsType

LibGit2.StatusOptions

Options to control how git_status_foreach_ext() will issue callbacks. Matches the git_status_opt_t struct.

The fields represent:

  • version: version of the struct in use, in case this changes later. For now, always 1.
  • show: a flag for which files to examine and in which order. The default is Consts.STATUS_SHOW_INDEX_AND_WORKDIR.
  • flags: flags for controlling any callbacks used in a status call.
  • pathspec: an array of paths to use for path-matching. The behavior of the path-matching will vary depending on the values of show and flags.
  • The baseline is the tree to be used for comparison to the working directory and index; defaults to HEAD.
source

LibGit2.StrArrayStructType

LibGit2.StrArrayStruct

A LibGit2 representation of an array of strings. Matches the git_strarray struct.

When fetching data from LibGit2, a typical usage would look like:

sa_ref = Ref(StrArrayStruct())
@check ccall(..., (Ptr{StrArrayStruct},), sa_ref)
res = convert(Vector{String}, sa_ref[])
free(sa_ref)

In particular, note that LibGit2.free should be called afterward on the Ref object.

Conversely, when passing a vector of strings to LibGit2, it is generally simplest to rely on implicit conversion:

strs = String[...]
@check ccall(..., (Ptr{StrArrayStruct},), strs)

Note that no call to free is required as the data is allocated by Julia.

source

LibGit2.TimeStructType

LibGit2.TimeStruct

Time in a signature. Matches the git_time struct.

source

LibGit2.add!Function

add!(repo::GitRepo, files::AbstractString...; flags::Cuint = Consts.INDEX_ADD_DEFAULT)
add!(idx::GitIndex, files::AbstractString...; flags::Cuint = Consts.INDEX_ADD_DEFAULT)

Add all the files with paths specified by files to the index idx (or the index of the repo). If the file already exists, the index entry will be updated. If the file does not exist already, it will be newly added into the index. files may contain glob patterns which will be expanded and any matching files will be added (unless INDEX_ADD_DISABLE_PATHSPEC_MATCH is set, see below). If a file has been ignored (in .gitignore or in the config), it will not be added, unless it is already being tracked in the index, in which case it will be updated. The keyword argument flags is a set of bit-flags which control the behavior with respect to ignored files:

  • Consts.INDEX_ADD_DEFAULT - default, described above.
  • Consts.INDEX_ADD_FORCE - disregard the existing ignore rules and force addition of the file to the index even if it is already ignored.
  • Consts.INDEX_ADD_CHECK_PATHSPEC - cannot be used at the same time as INDEX_ADD_FORCE. Check that each file in files which exists on disk is not in the ignore list. If one of the files is ignored, the function will return EINVALIDSPEC.
  • Consts.INDEX_ADD_DISABLE_PATHSPEC_MATCH - turn off glob matching, and only add files to the index which exactly match the paths specified in files.
source

LibGit2.add_fetch!Function

add_fetch!(repo::GitRepo, rmt::GitRemote, fetch_spec::String)

Add a fetch refspec for the specified rmt. This refspec will contain information about which branch(es) to fetch from.

Examples

julia> LibGit2.add_fetch!(repo, remote, "upstream");

julia> LibGit2.fetch_refspecs(remote)
String["+refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/upstream/*"]
source

LibGit2.add_push!Function

add_push!(repo::GitRepo, rmt::GitRemote, push_spec::String)

Add a push refspec for the specified rmt. This refspec will contain information about which branch(es) to push to.

Examples

julia> LibGit2.add_push!(repo, remote, "refs/heads/master");

julia> remote = LibGit2.get(LibGit2.GitRemote, repo, branch);

julia> LibGit2.push_refspecs(remote)
String["refs/heads/master"]
Note

You may need to close and reopen the GitRemote in question after updating its push refspecs in order for the change to take effect and for calls to push to work.

source

LibGit2.addblob!Function

LibGit2.addblob!(repo::GitRepo, path::AbstractString)

Read the file at path and adds it to the object database of repo as a loose blob. Return the GitHash of the resulting blob.

Examples

hash_str = string(commit_oid)
blob_file = joinpath(repo_path, ".git", "objects", hash_str[1:2], hash_str[3:end])
id = LibGit2.addblob!(repo, blob_file)
source

LibGit2.authorFunction

author(c::GitCommit)

Return the Signature of the author of the commit c. The author is the person who made changes to the relevant file(s). See also committer.

source

LibGit2.authorsFunction

authors(repo::GitRepo) -> Vector{Signature}

Return all authors of commits to the repo repository.

Examples

repo = LibGit2.GitRepo(repo_path)
repo_file = open(joinpath(repo_path, test_file), "a")

println(repo_file, commit_msg)
flush(repo_file)
LibGit2.add!(repo, test_file)
sig = LibGit2.Signature("TEST", "TEST@TEST.COM", round(time(), 0), 0)
commit_oid1 = LibGit2.commit(repo, "commit1"; author=sig, committer=sig)
println(repo_file, randstring(10))
flush(repo_file)
LibGit2.add!(repo, test_file)
commit_oid2 = LibGit2.commit(repo, "commit2"; author=sig, committer=sig)

# will be a Vector of [sig, sig]
auths = LibGit2.authors(repo)
source

LibGit2.branchFunction

branch(repo::GitRepo)

Equivalent to git branch. Create a new branch from the current HEAD.

source

LibGit2.branch!Function

branch!(repo::GitRepo, branch_name::AbstractString, commit::AbstractString=""; kwargs...)

Checkout a new git branch in the repo repository. commit is the GitHash, in string form, which will be the start of the new branch. If commit is an empty string, the current HEAD will be used.

The keyword arguments are:

  • track::AbstractString="": the name of the remote branch this new branch should track, if any. If empty (the default), no remote branch will be tracked.
  • force::Bool=false: if true, branch creation will be forced.
  • set_head::Bool=true: if true, after the branch creation finishes the branch head will be set as the HEAD of repo.

Equivalent to git checkout [-b|-B] <branch_name> [<commit>] [--track <track>].

Examples

repo = LibGit2.GitRepo(repo_path)
LibGit2.branch!(repo, "new_branch", set_head=false)
source

LibGit2.checkout!Function

checkout!(repo::GitRepo, commit::AbstractString=""; force::Bool=true)

Equivalent to git checkout [-f] --detach <commit>. Checkout the git commit commit (a GitHash in string form) in repo. If force is true, force the checkout and discard any current changes. Note that this detaches the current HEAD.

Examples

repo = LibGit2.init(repo_path)
open(joinpath(LibGit2.path(repo), "file1"), "w") do f
    write(f, "111
")
end
LibGit2.add!(repo, "file1")
commit_oid = LibGit2.commit(repo, "add file1")
open(joinpath(LibGit2.path(repo), "file1"), "w") do f
    write(f, "112
")
end
# would fail without the force=true
# since there are modifications to the file
LibGit2.checkout!(repo, string(commit_oid), force=true)
source

LibGit2.cloneFunction

clone(repo_url::AbstractString, repo_path::AbstractString, clone_opts::CloneOptions)

Clone the remote repository at repo_url (which can be a remote URL or a path on the local filesystem) to repo_path (which must be a path on the local filesystem). Options for the clone, such as whether to perform a bare clone or not, are set by CloneOptions.

Examples

repo_url = "https://github.com/JuliaLang/Example.jl"
repo = LibGit2.clone(repo_url, "/home/me/projects/Example")
source
clone(repo_url::AbstractString, repo_path::AbstractString; kwargs...)

Clone a remote repository located at repo_url to the local filesystem location repo_path.

The keyword arguments are:

  • branch::AbstractString="": which branch of the remote to clone, if not the default repository branch (usually master).
  • isbare::Bool=false: if true, clone the remote as a bare repository, which will make repo_path itself the git directory instead of repo_path/.git. This means that a working tree cannot be checked out. Plays the role of the git CLI argument --bare.
  • remote_cb::Ptr{Cvoid}=C_NULL: a callback which will be used to create the remote before it is cloned. If C_NULL (the default), no attempt will be made to create the remote - it will be assumed to already exist.
  • credentials::Creds=nothing: provides credentials and/or settings when authenticating against a private repository.
  • callbacks::Callbacks=Callbacks(): user provided callbacks and payloads.

Equivalent to git clone [-b <branch>] [--bare] <repo_url> <repo_path>.

Examples

repo_url = "https://github.com/JuliaLang/Example.jl"
repo1 = LibGit2.clone(repo_url, "test_path")
repo2 = LibGit2.clone(repo_url, "test_path", isbare=true)
julia_url = "https://github.com/JuliaLang/julia"
julia_repo = LibGit2.clone(julia_url, "julia_path", branch="release-0.6")
source

LibGit2.commitFunction

commit(repo::GitRepo, msg::AbstractString; kwargs...) -> GitHash

Wrapper around git_commit_create. Create a commit in the repository repo. msg is the commit message. Return the OID of the new commit.

The keyword arguments are:

  • refname::AbstractString=Consts.HEAD_FILE: if not NULL, the name of the reference to update to point to the new commit. For example, "HEAD" will update the HEAD of the current branch. If the reference does not yet exist, it will be created.
  • author::Signature = Signature(repo) is a Signature containing information about the person who authored the commit.
  • committer::Signature = Signature(repo) is a Signature containing information about the person who committed the commit to the repository. Not necessarily the same as author, for instance if author emailed a patch to committer who committed it.
  • tree_id::GitHash = GitHash() is a git tree to use to create the commit, showing its ancestry and relationship with any other history. tree must belong to repo.
  • parent_ids::Vector{GitHash}=GitHash[] is a list of commits by GitHash to use as parent commits for the new one, and may be empty. A commit might have multiple parents if it is a merge commit, for example.
source
LibGit2.commit(rb::GitRebase, sig::GitSignature)

Commit the current patch to the rebase rb, using sig as the committer. Is silent if the commit has already been applied.

source

LibGit2.committerFunction

committer(c::GitCommit)

Return the Signature of the committer of the commit c. The committer is the person who committed the changes originally authored by the author, but need not be the same as the author, for example, if the author emailed a patch to a committer who committed it.

source

LibGit2.countFunction

LibGit2.count(f::Function, walker::GitRevWalker; oid::GitHash=GitHash(), by::Cint=Consts.SORT_NONE, rev::Bool=false)

Using the GitRevWalker walker to "walk" over every commit in the repository's history, find the number of commits which return true when f is applied to them. The keyword arguments are: * oid: The GitHash of the commit to begin the walk from. The default is to use push_head! and therefore the HEAD commit and all its ancestors. * by: The sorting method. The default is not to sort. Other options are to sort by topology (LibGit2.Consts.SORT_TOPOLOGICAL), to sort forwards in time (LibGit2.Consts.SORT_TIME, most ancient first) or to sort backwards in time (LibGit2.Consts.SORT_REVERSE, most recent first). * rev: Whether to reverse the sorted order (for instance, if topological sorting is used).

Examples

cnt = LibGit2.with(LibGit2.GitRevWalker(repo)) do walker
    count((oid, repo)->(oid == commit_oid1), walker, oid=commit_oid1, by=LibGit2.Consts.SORT_TIME)
end

count finds the number of commits along the walk with a certain GitHash commit_oid1, starting the walk from that commit and moving forwards in time from it. Since the GitHash is unique to a commit, cnt will be 1.

source

LibGit2.counthunksFunction

counthunks(blame::GitBlame)

Return the number of distinct "hunks" with a file. A hunk may contain multiple lines. A hunk is usually a piece of a file that was added/changed/removed together, for example, a function added to a source file or an inner loop that was optimized out of that function later.

source

LibGit2.create_branchFunction

LibGit2.create_branch(repo::GitRepo, bname::AbstractString, commit_obj::GitCommit; force::Bool=false)

Create a new branch in the repository repo with name bname, which points to commit commit_obj (which has to be part of repo). If force is true, overwrite an existing branch named bname if it exists. If force is false and a branch already exists named bname, this function will throw an error.

source

LibGit2.credentials_callbackFunction

credential_callback(...) -> Cint

A LibGit2 credential callback function which provides different credential acquisition functionality w.r.t. a connection protocol. The payload_ptr is required to contain a LibGit2.CredentialPayload object which will keep track of state and settings.

The allowed_types contains a bitmask of LibGit2.Consts.GIT_CREDTYPE values specifying which authentication methods should be attempted.

Credential authentication is done in the following order (if supported):

  • SSH agent
  • SSH private/public key pair
  • Username/password plain text

If a user is presented with a credential prompt they can abort the prompt by typing ^D (pressing the control key together with the d key).

Note: Due to the specifics of the libgit2 authentication procedure, when authentication fails, this function is called again without any indication whether authentication was successful or not. To avoid an infinite loop from repeatedly using the same faulty credentials, we will keep track of state using the payload.

For addition details see the LibGit2 guide on authenticating against a server.

source

LibGit2.credentials_cbFunction

C function pointer for credentials_callback

source

LibGit2.default_signatureFunction

Return signature object. Free it after use.

source

LibGit2.delete_branchFunction

LibGit2.delete_branch(branch::GitReference)

Delete the branch pointed to by branch.

source

LibGit2.diff_filesFunction

diff_files(repo::GitRepo, branch1::AbstractString, branch2::AbstractString; kwarg...) -> Vector{AbstractString}

Show which files have changed in the git repository repo between branches branch1 and branch2.

The keyword argument is:

  • filter::Set{Consts.DELTA_STATUS}=Set([Consts.DELTA_ADDED, Consts.DELTA_MODIFIED, Consts.DELTA_DELETED])), and it sets options for the diff. The default is to show files added, modified, or deleted.

Return only the names of the files which have changed, not their contents.

Examples

LibGit2.branch!(repo, "branch/a")
LibGit2.branch!(repo, "branch/b")
# add a file to repo
open(joinpath(LibGit2.path(repo),"file"),"w") do f
    write(f, "hello repo
")
end
LibGit2.add!(repo, "file")
LibGit2.commit(repo, "add file")
# returns ["file"]
filt = Set([LibGit2.Consts.DELTA_ADDED])
files = LibGit2.diff_files(repo, "branch/a", "branch/b", filter=filt)
# returns [] because existing files weren't modified
filt = Set([LibGit2.Consts.DELTA_MODIFIED])
files = LibGit2.diff_files(repo, "branch/a", "branch/b", filter=filt)

Equivalent to git diff --name-only --diff-filter=<filter> <branch1> <branch2>.

source

LibGit2.entryidFunction

entryid(te::GitTreeEntry)

Return the GitHash of the object to which te refers.

source

LibGit2.entrytypeFunction

entrytype(te::GitTreeEntry)

Return the type of the object to which te refers. The result will be one of the types which objtype returns, e.g. a GitTree or GitBlob.

source

LibGit2.fetchFunction

fetch(rmt::GitRemote, refspecs; options::FetchOptions=FetchOptions(), msg="")

Fetch from the specified rmt remote git repository, using refspecs to determine which remote branch(es) to fetch. The keyword arguments are:

  • options: determines the options for the fetch, e.g. whether to prune afterwards. See FetchOptions for more information.
  • msg: a message to insert into the reflogs.
source
fetch(repo::GitRepo; kwargs...)

Fetches updates from an upstream of the repository repo.

The keyword arguments are:

  • remote::AbstractString="origin": which remote, specified by name, of repo to fetch from. If this is empty, the URL will be used to construct an anonymous remote.
  • remoteurl::AbstractString="": the URL of remote. If not specified, will be assumed based on the given name of remote.
  • refspecs=AbstractString[]: determines properties of the fetch.
  • credentials=nothing: provides credentials and/or settings when authenticating against a private remote.
  • callbacks=Callbacks(): user provided callbacks and payloads.

Equivalent to git fetch [<remoteurl>|<repo>] [<refspecs>].

source

LibGit2.fetchheadsFunction

fetchheads(repo::GitRepo) -> Vector{FetchHead}

Return the list of all the fetch heads for repo, each represented as a FetchHead, including their names, URLs, and merge statuses.

Examples

julia> fetch_heads = LibGit2.fetchheads(repo);

julia> fetch_heads[1].name
"refs/heads/master"

julia> fetch_heads[1].ismerge
true

julia> fetch_heads[2].name
"refs/heads/test_branch"

julia> fetch_heads[2].ismerge
false
source

LibGit2.fetch_refspecsFunction

fetch_refspecs(rmt::GitRemote) -> Vector{String}

Get the fetch refspecs for the specified rmt. These refspecs contain information about which branch(es) to fetch from.

Examples

julia> remote = LibGit2.get(LibGit2.GitRemote, repo, "upstream");

julia> LibGit2.add_fetch!(repo, remote, "upstream");

julia> LibGit2.fetch_refspecs(remote)
String["+refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/upstream/*"]
source

LibGit2.fetchhead_foreach_cbFunction

C function pointer for fetchhead_foreach_callback

source

LibGit2.merge_baseFunction

merge_base(repo::GitRepo, one::AbstractString, two::AbstractString) -> GitHash

Find a merge base (a common ancestor) between the commits one and two. one and two may both be in string form. Return the GitHash of the merge base.

source

LibGit2.merge!Method

merge!(repo::GitRepo; kwargs...) -> Bool

Perform a git merge on the repository repo, merging commits with diverging history into the current branch. Return true if the merge succeeded, false if not.

The keyword arguments are:

  • committish::AbstractString="": Merge the named commit(s) in committish.
  • branch::AbstractString="": Merge the branch branch and all its commits since it diverged from the current branch.
  • fastforward::Bool=false: If fastforward is true, only merge if the merge is a fast-forward (the current branch head is an ancestor of the commits to be merged), otherwise refuse to merge and return false. This is equivalent to the git CLI option --ff-only.
  • merge_opts::MergeOptions=MergeOptions(): merge_opts specifies options for the merge, such as merge strategy in case of conflicts.
  • checkout_opts::CheckoutOptions=CheckoutOptions(): checkout_opts specifies options for the checkout step.

Equivalent to git merge [--ff-only] [<committish> | <branch>].

Note

If you specify a branch, this must be done in reference format, since the string will be turned into a GitReference. For example, if you wanted to merge branch branch_a, you would call merge!(repo, branch="refs/heads/branch_a").

source

LibGit2.merge!Method

merge!(repo::GitRepo, anns::Vector{GitAnnotated}; kwargs...) -> Bool

Merge changes from the annotated commits (captured as GitAnnotated objects) anns into the HEAD of the repository repo. The keyword arguments are:

  • merge_opts::MergeOptions = MergeOptions(): options for how to perform the merge, including whether fastforwarding is allowed. See MergeOptions for more information.
  • checkout_opts::CheckoutOptions = CheckoutOptions(): options for how to perform the checkout. See CheckoutOptions for more information.

anns may refer to remote or local branch heads. Return true if the merge is successful, otherwise return false (for instance, if no merge is possible because the branches have no common ancestor).

Examples

upst_ann = LibGit2.GitAnnotated(repo, "branch/a")

# merge the branch in
LibGit2.merge!(repo, [upst_ann])
source

LibGit2.merge!Method

merge!(repo::GitRepo, anns::Vector{GitAnnotated}, fastforward::Bool; kwargs...) -> Bool

Merge changes from the annotated commits (captured as GitAnnotated objects) anns into the HEAD of the repository repo. If fastforward is true, only a fastforward merge is allowed. In this case, if conflicts occur, the merge will fail. Otherwise, if fastforward is false, the merge may produce a conflict file which the user will need to resolve.

The keyword arguments are:

  • merge_opts::MergeOptions = MergeOptions(): options for how to perform the merge, including whether fastforwarding is allowed. See MergeOptions for more information.
  • checkout_opts::CheckoutOptions = CheckoutOptions(): options for how to perform the checkout. See CheckoutOptions for more information.

anns may refer to remote or local branch heads. Return true if the merge is successful, otherwise return false (for instance, if no merge is possible because the branches have no common ancestor).

Examples

upst_ann_1 = LibGit2.GitAnnotated(repo, "branch/a")

# merge the branch in, fastforward
LibGit2.merge!(repo, [upst_ann_1], true)

# merge conflicts!
upst_ann_2 = LibGit2.GitAnnotated(repo, "branch/b")
# merge the branch in, try to fastforward
LibGit2.merge!(repo, [upst_ann_2], true) # will return false
LibGit2.merge!(repo, [upst_ann_2], false) # will return true
source

LibGit2.ffmerge!Function

ffmerge!(repo::GitRepo, ann::GitAnnotated)

Fastforward merge changes into current HEAD. This is only possible if the commit referred to by ann is descended from the current HEAD (e.g. if pulling changes from a remote branch which is simply ahead of the local branch tip).

source

LibGit2.fullnameFunction

LibGit2.fullname(ref::GitReference)

Return the name of the reference pointed to by the symbolic reference ref. If ref is not a symbolic reference, return an empty string.

source

LibGit2.featuresFunction

features()

Return a list of git features the current version of libgit2 supports, such as threading or using HTTPS or SSH.

source

LibGit2.filenameFunction

filename(te::GitTreeEntry)

Return the filename of the object on disk to which te refers.

source

LibGit2.filemodeFunction

filemode(te::GitTreeEntry) -> Cint

Return the UNIX filemode of the object on disk to which te refers as an integer.

source

LibGit2.gitdirFunction

LibGit2.gitdir(repo::GitRepo)

Return the location of the "git" files of repo:

  • for normal repositories, this is the location of the .git folder.
  • for bare repositories, this is the location of the repository itself.

See also workdir, path.

source

LibGit2.git_urlFunction

LibGit2.git_url(; kwargs...) -> String

Create a string based upon the URL components provided. When the scheme keyword is not provided the URL produced will use the alternative scp-like syntax.

Keywords

  • scheme::AbstractString="": the URL scheme which identifies the protocol to be used. For HTTP use "http", SSH use "ssh", etc. When scheme is not provided the output format will be "ssh" but using the scp-like syntax.
  • username::AbstractString="": the username to use in the output if provided.
  • password::AbstractString="": the password to use in the output if provided.
  • host::AbstractString="": the hostname to use in the output. A hostname is required to be specified.
  • port::Union{AbstractString,Integer}="": the port number to use in the output if provided. Cannot be specified when using the scp-like syntax.
  • path::AbstractString="": the path to use in the output if provided.
Warning

Avoid using passwords in URLs. Unlike the credential objects, Julia is not able to securely zero or destroy the sensitive data after use and the password may remain in memory; possibly to be exposed by an uninitialized memory.

Examples

julia> LibGit2.git_url(username="git", host="github.com", path="JuliaLang/julia.git")
"git@github.com:JuliaLang/julia.git"

julia> LibGit2.git_url(scheme="https", host="github.com", path="/JuliaLang/julia.git")
"https://github.com/JuliaLang/julia.git"

julia> LibGit2.git_url(scheme="ssh", username="git", host="github.com", port=2222, path="JuliaLang/julia.git")
"ssh://git@github.com:2222/JuliaLang/julia.git"
source

LibGit2.@githash_strMacro

@githash_str -> AbstractGitHash

Construct a git hash object from the given string, returning a GitShortHash if the string is shorter than 40 hexadecimal digits, otherwise a GitHash.

Examples

julia> LibGit2.githash"d114feb74ce633"
GitShortHash("d114feb74ce633")

julia> LibGit2.githash"d114feb74ce63307afe878a5228ad014e0289a85"
GitHash("d114feb74ce63307afe878a5228ad014e0289a85")
source

LibGit2.headFunction

LibGit2.head(repo::GitRepo) -> GitReference

Return a GitReference to the current HEAD of repo.

source
head(pkg::AbstractString) -> String

Return current HEAD GitHash of the pkg repo as a string.

source

LibGit2.head!Function

LibGit2.head!(repo::GitRepo, ref::GitReference) -> GitReference

Set the HEAD of repo to the object pointed to by ref.

source

LibGit2.head_oidFunction

LibGit2.head_oid(repo::GitRepo) -> GitHash

Lookup the object id of the current HEAD of git repository repo.

source

LibGit2.headnameFunction

LibGit2.headname(repo::GitRepo)

Lookup the name of the current HEAD of git repository repo. If repo is currently detached, return the name of the HEAD it's detached from.

source

LibGit2.initFunction

LibGit2.init(path::AbstractString, bare::Bool=false) -> GitRepo

Open a new git repository at path. If bare is false, the working tree will be created in path/.git. If bare is true, no working directory will be created.

source

LibGit2.is_ancestor_ofFunction

is_ancestor_of(a::AbstractString, b::AbstractString, repo::GitRepo) -> Bool

Return true if a, a GitHash in string form, is an ancestor of b, a GitHash in string form.

Examples

julia> repo = LibGit2.GitRepo(repo_path);

julia> LibGit2.add!(repo, test_file1);

julia> commit_oid1 = LibGit2.commit(repo, "commit1");

julia> LibGit2.add!(repo, test_file2);

julia> commit_oid2 = LibGit2.commit(repo, "commit2");

julia> LibGit2.is_ancestor_of(string(commit_oid1), string(commit_oid2), repo)
true
source

LibGit2.isbinaryFunction

isbinary(blob::GitBlob) -> Bool

Use a heuristic to guess if a file is binary: searching for NULL bytes and looking for a reasonable ratio of printable to non-printable characters among the first 8000 bytes.

source

LibGit2.iscommitFunction

iscommit(id::AbstractString, repo::GitRepo) -> Bool

Check if commit id (which is a GitHash in string form) is in the repository.

Examples

julia> repo = LibGit2.GitRepo(repo_path);

julia> LibGit2.add!(repo, test_file);

julia> commit_oid = LibGit2.commit(repo, "add test_file");

julia> LibGit2.iscommit(string(commit_oid), repo)
true
source

LibGit2.isdiffFunction

LibGit2.isdiff(repo::GitRepo, treeish::AbstractString, pathspecs::AbstractString=""; cached::Bool=false)

Checks if there are any differences between the tree specified by treeish and the tracked files in the working tree (if cached=false) or the index (if cached=true). pathspecs are the specifications for options for the diff.

Examples

repo = LibGit2.GitRepo(repo_path)
LibGit2.isdiff(repo, "HEAD") # should be false
open(joinpath(repo_path, new_file), "a") do f
    println(f, "here's my cool new file")
end
LibGit2.isdiff(repo, "HEAD") # now true

Equivalent to git diff-index <treeish> [-- <pathspecs>].

source

LibGit2.isdirtyFunction

LibGit2.isdirty(repo::GitRepo, pathspecs::AbstractString=""; cached::Bool=false) -> Bool

Check if there have been any changes to tracked files in the working tree (if cached=false) or the index (if cached=true). pathspecs are the specifications for options for the diff.

Examples

repo = LibGit2.GitRepo(repo_path)
LibGit2.isdirty(repo) # should be false
open(joinpath(repo_path, new_file), "a") do f
    println(f, "here's my cool new file")
end
LibGit2.isdirty(repo) # now true
LibGit2.isdirty(repo, new_file) # now true

Equivalent to git diff-index HEAD [-- <pathspecs>].

source

LibGit2.isorphanFunction

LibGit2.isorphan(repo::GitRepo)

Check if the current branch is an "orphan" branch, i.e. has no commits. The first commit to this branch will have no parents.

source

LibGit2.issetFunction

isset(val::Integer, flag::Integer)

Test whether the bits of val indexed by flag are set (1) or unset (0).

source

LibGit2.iszeroFunction

iszero(id::GitHash) -> Bool

Determine whether all hexadecimal digits of the given GitHash are zero.

source

LibGit2.lookup_branchFunction

lookup_branch(repo::GitRepo, branch_name::AbstractString, remote::Bool=false) -> Union{GitReference, Nothing}

Determine if the branch specified by branch_name exists in the repository repo. If remote is true, repo is assumed to be a remote git repository. Otherwise, it is part of the local filesystem.

Return either a GitReference to the requested branch if it exists, or nothing if not.

source

LibGit2.mapFunction

LibGit2.map(f::Function, walker::GitRevWalker; oid::GitHash=GitHash(), range::AbstractString="", by::Cint=Consts.SORT_NONE, rev::Bool=false)

Using the GitRevWalker walker to "walk" over every commit in the repository's history, apply f to each commit in the walk. The keyword arguments are: * oid: The GitHash of the commit to begin the walk from. The default is to use push_head! and therefore the HEAD commit and all its ancestors. * range: A range of GitHashs in the format oid1..oid2. f will be applied to all commits between the two. * by: The sorting method. The default is not to sort. Other options are to sort by topology (LibGit2.Consts.SORT_TOPOLOGICAL), to sort forwards in time (LibGit2.Consts.SORT_TIME, most ancient first) or to sort backwards in time (LibGit2.Consts.SORT_REVERSE, most recent first). * rev: Whether to reverse the sorted order (for instance, if topological sorting is used).

Examples

oids = LibGit2.with(LibGit2.GitRevWalker(repo)) do walker
    LibGit2.map((oid, repo)->string(oid), walker, by=LibGit2.Consts.SORT_TIME)
end

Here, map visits each commit using the GitRevWalker and finds its GitHash.

source

LibGit2.mirror_callbackFunction

Mirror callback function

Function sets +refs/*:refs/* refspecs and mirror flag for remote reference.

source

LibGit2.mirror_cbFunction

C function pointer for mirror_callback

source

LibGit2.messageFunction

message(c::GitCommit, raw::Bool=false)

Return the commit message describing the changes made in commit c. If raw is false, return a slightly "cleaned up" message (which has any leading newlines removed). If raw is true, the message is not stripped of any such newlines.

source

LibGit2.merge_analysisFunction

merge_analysis(repo::GitRepo, anns::Vector{GitAnnotated}) -> analysis, preference

Run analysis on the branches pointed to by the annotated branch tips anns and determine under what circumstances they can be merged. For instance, if anns[1] is simply an ancestor of ann[2], then merge_analysis will report that a fast-forward merge is possible.

Return two outputs, analysis and preference. analysis has several possible values: * MERGE_ANALYSIS_NONE: it is not possible to merge the elements of anns. * MERGE_ANALYSIS_NORMAL: a regular merge, when HEAD and the commits that the user wishes to merge have all diverged from a common ancestor. In this case the changes have to be resolved and conflicts may occur. * MERGE_ANALYSIS_UP_TO_DATE: all the input commits the user wishes to merge can be reached from HEAD, so no merge needs to be performed. * MERGE_ANALYSIS_FASTFORWARD: the input commit is a descendant of HEAD and so no merge needs to be performed - instead, the user can simply checkout the input commit(s). * MERGE_ANALYSIS_UNBORN: the HEAD of the repository refers to a commit which does not exist. It is not possible to merge, but it may be possible to checkout the input commits. preference also has several possible values: * MERGE_PREFERENCE_NONE: the user has no preference. * MERGE_PREFERENCE_NO_FASTFORWARD: do not allow any fast-forward merges. * MERGE_PREFERENCE_FASTFORWARD_ONLY: allow only fast-forward merges and no other type (which may introduce conflicts). preference can be controlled through the repository or global git configuration.

source

LibGit2.nameFunction

LibGit2.name(ref::GitReference)

Return the full name of ref.

source
name(rmt::GitRemote)

Get the name of a remote repository, for instance "origin". If the remote is anonymous (see GitRemoteAnon) the name will be an empty string "".

Examples

julia> repo_url = "https://github.com/JuliaLang/Example.jl";

julia> repo = LibGit2.clone(cache_repo, "test_directory");

julia> remote = LibGit2.GitRemote(repo, "origin", repo_url);

julia> name(remote)
"origin"
source
LibGit2.name(tag::GitTag)

The name of tag (e.g. "v0.5").

source

LibGit2.need_updateFunction

need_update(repo::GitRepo)

Equivalent to git update-index. Return true if repo needs updating.

source

LibGit2.objtypeFunction

objtype(obj_type::Consts.OBJECT)

Return the type corresponding to the enum value.

source

LibGit2.pathFunction

LibGit2.path(repo::GitRepo)

Return the base file path of the repository repo.

  • for normal repositories, this will typically be the parent directory of the ".git" directory (note: this may be different than the working directory, see workdir for more details).
  • for bare repositories, this is the location of the "git" files.

See also gitdir, workdir.

source

LibGit2.peelFunction

peel([T,] ref::GitReference)

Recursively peel ref until an object of type T is obtained. If no T is provided, then ref will be peeled until an object other than a GitTag is obtained.

  • A GitTag will be peeled to the object it references.
  • A GitCommit will be peeled to a GitTree.
Note

Only annotated tags can be peeled to GitTag objects. Lightweight tags (the default) are references under refs/tags/ which point directly to GitCommit objects.

source
peel([T,] obj::GitObject)

Recursively peel obj until an object of type T is obtained. If no T is provided, then obj will be peeled until the type changes.

  • A GitTag will be peeled to the object it references.
  • A GitCommit will be peeled to a GitTree.
source

LibGit2.posixpathFunction

LibGit2.posixpath(path)

Standardise the path string path to use POSIX separators.

source

LibGit2.pushFunction

push(rmt::GitRemote, refspecs; force::Bool=false, options::PushOptions=PushOptions())

Push to the specified rmt remote git repository, using refspecs to determine which remote branch(es) to push to. The keyword arguments are:

  • force: if true, a force-push will occur, disregarding conflicts.
  • options: determines the options for the push, e.g. which proxy headers to use. See PushOptions for more information.
Note

You can add information about the push refspecs in two other ways: by setting an option in the repository's GitConfig (with push.default as the key) or by calling add_push!. Otherwise you will need to explicitly specify a push refspec in the call to push for it to have any effect, like so: LibGit2.push(repo, refspecs=["refs/heads/master"]).

source
push(repo::GitRepo; kwargs...)

Pushes updates to an upstream of repo.

The keyword arguments are:

  • remote::AbstractString="origin": the name of the upstream remote to push to.
  • remoteurl::AbstractString="": the URL of remote.
  • refspecs=AbstractString[]: determines properties of the push.
  • force::Bool=false: determines if the push will be a force push, overwriting the remote branch.
  • credentials=nothing: provides credentials and/or settings when authenticating against a private remote.
  • callbacks=Callbacks(): user provided callbacks and payloads.

Equivalent to git push [<remoteurl>|<repo>] [<refspecs>].

source

LibGit2.push!Method

LibGit2.push!(w::GitRevWalker, cid::GitHash)

Start the GitRevWalker walker at commit cid. This function can be used to apply a function to all commits since a certain year, by passing the first commit of that year as cid and then passing the resulting w to map.

source

LibGit2.push_head!Function

LibGit2.push_head!(w::GitRevWalker)

Push the HEAD commit and its ancestors onto the GitRevWalker w. This ensures that HEAD and all its ancestor commits will be encountered during the walk.

source

LibGit2.push_refspecsFunction

push_refspecs(rmt::GitRemote) -> Vector{String}

Get the push refspecs for the specified rmt. These refspecs contain information about which branch(es) to push to.

Examples

julia> remote = LibGit2.get(LibGit2.GitRemote, repo, "upstream");

julia> LibGit2.add_push!(repo, remote, "refs/heads/master");

julia> close(remote);

julia> remote = LibGit2.get(LibGit2.GitRemote, repo, "upstream");

julia> LibGit2.push_refspecs(remote)
String["refs/heads/master"]
source

LibGit2.rawFunction

raw(id::GitHash) -> Vector{UInt8}

Obtain the raw bytes of the GitHash as a vector of length 20.

source

LibGit2.read_tree!Function

LibGit2.read_tree!(idx::GitIndex, tree::GitTree)
LibGit2.read_tree!(idx::GitIndex, treehash::AbstractGitHash)

Read the tree tree (or the tree pointed to by treehash in the repository owned by idx) into the index idx. The current index contents will be replaced.

source

LibGit2.rebase!Function

LibGit2.rebase!(repo::GitRepo, upstream::AbstractString="", newbase::AbstractString="")

Attempt an automatic merge rebase of the current branch, from upstream if provided, or otherwise from the upstream tracking branch. newbase is the branch to rebase onto. By default this is upstream.

If any conflicts arise which cannot be automatically resolved, the rebase will abort, leaving the repository and working tree in its original state, and the function will throw a GitError. This is roughly equivalent to the following command line statement:

git rebase --merge [<upstream>]
if [ -d ".git/rebase-merge" ]; then
    git rebase --abort
fi
source

LibGit2.ref_listFunction

LibGit2.ref_list(repo::GitRepo) -> Vector{String}

Get a list of all reference names in the repo repository.

source

LibGit2.reftypeFunction

LibGit2.reftype(ref::GitReference) -> Cint

Return a Cint corresponding to the type of ref:

  • 0 if the reference is invalid
  • 1 if the reference is an object id
  • 2 if the reference is symbolic
source

LibGit2.remotesFunction

LibGit2.remotes(repo::GitRepo)

Return a vector of the names of the remotes of repo.

source

LibGit2.remove!Function

remove!(repo::GitRepo, files::AbstractString...)
remove!(idx::GitIndex, files::AbstractString...)

Remove all the files with paths specified by files in the index idx (or the index of the repo).

source

LibGit2.resetFunction

reset(val::Integer, flag::Integer)

Unset the bits of val indexed by flag, returning them to 0.

source

LibGit2.reset!Function

reset!(payload, [config]) -> CredentialPayload

Reset the payload state back to the initial values so that it can be used again within the credential callback. If a config is provided the configuration will also be updated.

source

Updates some entries, determined by the pathspecs, in the index from the target commit tree.

source

Sets the current head to the specified commit oid and optionally resets the index and working tree to match.

source

git reset [<committish>] [–] <pathspecs>...

source
reset!(repo::GitRepo, id::GitHash, mode::Cint=Consts.RESET_MIXED)

Reset the repository repo to its state at id, using one of three modes set by mode:

  1. Consts.RESET_SOFT - move HEAD to id.
  2. Consts.RESET_MIXED - default, move HEAD to id and reset the index to id.
  3. Consts.RESET_HARD - move HEAD to id, reset the index to id, and discard all working changes.

Examples

# fetch changes
LibGit2.fetch(repo)
isfile(joinpath(repo_path, our_file)) # will be false

# fastforward merge the changes
LibGit2.merge!(repo, fastforward=true)

# because there was not any file locally, but there is
# a file remotely, we need to reset the branch
head_oid = LibGit2.head_oid(repo)
new_head = LibGit2.reset!(repo, head_oid, LibGit2.Consts.RESET_HARD)

In this example, the remote which is being fetched from does have a file called our_file in its index, which is why we must reset.

Equivalent to git reset [--soft | --mixed | --hard] <id>.

Examples

repo = LibGit2.GitRepo(repo_path)
head_oid = LibGit2.head_oid(repo)
open(joinpath(repo_path, "file1"), "w") do f
    write(f, "111
")
end
LibGit2.add!(repo, "file1")
mode = LibGit2.Consts.RESET_HARD
# will discard the changes to file1
# and unstage it
new_head = LibGit2.reset!(repo, head_oid, mode)
source

LibGit2.restoreFunction

restore(s::State, repo::GitRepo)

Return a repository repo to a previous State s, for example the HEAD of a branch before a merge attempt. s can be generated using the snapshot function.

source

LibGit2.revcountFunction

LibGit2.revcount(repo::GitRepo, commit1::AbstractString, commit2::AbstractString)

List the number of revisions between commit1 and commit2 (committish OIDs in string form). Since commit1 and commit2 may be on different branches, revcount performs a "left-right" revision list (and count), returning a tuple of Ints - the number of left and right commits, respectively. A left (or right) commit refers to which side of a symmetric difference in a tree the commit is reachable from.

Equivalent to git rev-list --left-right --count <commit1> <commit2>.

Examples

repo = LibGit2.GitRepo(repo_path)
repo_file = open(joinpath(repo_path, test_file), "a")
println(repo_file, "hello world")
flush(repo_file)
LibGit2.add!(repo, test_file)
commit_oid1 = LibGit2.commit(repo, "commit 1")
println(repo_file, "hello world again")
flush(repo_file)
LibGit2.add!(repo, test_file)
commit_oid2 = LibGit2.commit(repo, "commit 2")
LibGit2.revcount(repo, string(commit_oid1), string(commit_oid2))

This will return (-1, 0).

source

LibGit2.set_remote_urlFunction

set_remote_url(repo::GitRepo, remote_name, url)
set_remote_url(repo::String, remote_name, url)

Set both the fetch and push url for remote_name for the GitRepo or the git repository located at path. Typically git repos use "origin" as the remote name.

Examples

repo_path = joinpath(tempdir(), "Example")
repo = LibGit2.init(repo_path)
LibGit2.set_remote_url(repo, "upstream", "https://github.com/JuliaLang/Example.jl")
LibGit2.set_remote_url(repo_path, "upstream2", "https://github.com/JuliaLang/Example2.jl")
source

LibGit2.shortnameFunction

LibGit2.shortname(ref::GitReference)

Return a shortened version of the name of ref that's "human-readable".

julia> repo = LibGit2.GitRepo(path_to_repo);

julia> branch_ref = LibGit2.head(repo);

julia> LibGit2.name(branch_ref)
"refs/heads/master"

julia> LibGit2.shortname(branch_ref)
"master"
source

LibGit2.snapshotFunction

snapshot(repo::GitRepo) -> State

Take a snapshot of the current state of the repository repo, storing the current HEAD, index, and any uncommitted work. The output State can be used later during a call to restore to return the repository to the snapshotted state.

source

LibGit2.split_cfg_entryFunction

LibGit2.split_cfg_entry(ce::LibGit2.ConfigEntry) -> Tuple{String,String,String,String}

Break the ConfigEntry up to the following pieces: section, subsection, name, and value.

Examples

Given the git configuration file containing:

[credential "https://example.com"]
    username = me

The ConfigEntry would look like the following:

julia> entry
ConfigEntry("credential.https://example.com.username", "me")

julia> LibGit2.split_cfg_entry(entry)
("credential", "https://example.com", "username", "me")

Refer to the git config syntax documentation for more details.

source

LibGit2.statusFunction

LibGit2.status(repo::GitRepo, path::String) -> Union{Cuint, Cvoid}

Lookup the status of the file at path in the git repository repo. For instance, this can be used to check if the file at path has been modified and needs to be staged and committed.

source

LibGit2.stageFunction

stage(ie::IndexEntry) -> Cint

Get the stage number of ie. The stage number 0 represents the current state of the working tree, but other numbers can be used in the case of a merge conflict. In such a case, the various stage numbers on an IndexEntry describe which side(s) of the conflict the current state of the file belongs to. Stage 0 is the state before the attempted merge, stage 1 is the changes which have been made locally, stages 2 and larger are for changes from other branches (for instance, in the case of a multi-branch "octopus" merge, stages 2, 3, and 4 might be used).

source

LibGit2.tag_createFunction

LibGit2.tag_create(repo::GitRepo, tag::AbstractString, commit; kwargs...)

Create a new git tag tag (e.g. "v0.5") in the repository repo, at the commit commit.

The keyword arguments are:

  • msg::AbstractString="": the message for the tag.
  • force::Bool=false: if true, existing references will be overwritten.
  • sig::Signature=Signature(repo): the tagger's signature.
source

LibGit2.tag_deleteFunction

LibGit2.tag_delete(repo::GitRepo, tag::AbstractString)

Remove the git tag tag from the repository repo.

source

LibGit2.tag_listFunction

LibGit2.tag_list(repo::GitRepo) -> Vector{String}

Get a list of all tags in the git repository repo.

source

LibGit2.targetFunction

LibGit2.target(tag::GitTag)

The GitHash of the target object of tag.

source

LibGit2.toggleFunction

toggle(val::Integer, flag::Integer)

Flip the bits of val indexed by flag, so that if a bit is 0 it will be 1 after the toggle, and vice-versa.

source

LibGit2.transactFunction

transact(f::Function, repo::GitRepo)

Apply function f to the git repository repo, taking a snapshot before applying f. If an error occurs within f, repo will be returned to its snapshot state using restore. The error which occurred will be rethrown, but the state of repo will not be corrupted.

source

LibGit2.treewalkFunction

treewalk(f, tree::GitTree, post::Bool=false)

Traverse the entries in tree and its subtrees in post or pre order. Preorder means beginning at the root and then traversing the leftmost subtree (and recursively on down through that subtree's leftmost subtrees) and moving right through the subtrees. Postorder means beginning at the bottom of the leftmost subtree, traversing upwards through it, then traversing the next right subtree (again beginning at the bottom) and finally visiting the tree root last of all.

The function parameter f should have following signature:

(String, GitTreeEntry) -> Cint

A negative value returned from f stops the tree walk. A positive value means that the entry will be skipped if post is false.

source

LibGit2.upstreamFunction

upstream(ref::GitReference) -> Union{GitReference, Nothing}

Determine if the branch containing ref has a specified upstream branch.

Return either a GitReference to the upstream branch if it exists, or nothing if the requested branch does not have an upstream counterpart.

source

LibGit2.update!Function

update!(repo::GitRepo, files::AbstractString...)
update!(idx::GitIndex, files::AbstractString...)

Update all the files with paths specified by files in the index idx (or the index of the repo). Match the state of each file in the index with the current state on disk, removing it if it has been removed on disk, or updating its entry in the object database.

source

LibGit2.urlFunction

url(rmt::GitRemote)

Get the fetch URL of a remote git repository.

Examples

julia> repo_url = "https://github.com/JuliaLang/Example.jl";

julia> repo = LibGit2.init(mktempdir());

julia> remote = LibGit2.GitRemote(repo, "origin", repo_url);

julia> LibGit2.url(remote)
"https://github.com/JuliaLang/Example.jl"
source

LibGit2.versionFunction

version() -> VersionNumber

Return the version of libgit2 in use, as a VersionNumber.

source

LibGit2.withFunction

with(f::Function, obj)

Resource management helper function. Applies f to obj, making sure to call close on obj after f successfully returns or throws an error. Ensures that allocated git resources are finalized as soon as they are no longer needed.

source

LibGit2.with_warnFunction

with_warn(f::Function, ::Type{T}, args...)

Resource management helper function. Apply f to args, first constructing an instance of type T from args. Makes sure to call close on the resulting object after f successfully returns or throws an error. Ensures that allocated git resources are finalized as soon as they are no longer needed. If an error is thrown by f, a warning is shown containing the error.

source

LibGit2.workdirFunction

LibGit2.workdir(repo::GitRepo)

Return the location of the working directory of repo. This will throw an error for bare repositories.

Note

This will typically be the parent directory of gitdir(repo), but can be different in some cases: e.g. if either the core.worktree configuration variable or the GIT_WORK_TREE environment variable is set.

See also gitdir, path.

source

LibGit2.GitObjectMethod

(::Type{T})(te::GitTreeEntry) where T<:GitObject

Get the git object to which te refers and return it as its actual type (the type entrytype would show), for instance a GitBlob or GitTag.

Examples

tree = LibGit2.GitTree(repo, "HEAD^{tree}")
tree_entry = tree[1]
blob = LibGit2.GitBlob(tree_entry)
source

LibGit2.UserPasswordCredentialType

Credential that support only user and password parameters

source

LibGit2.SSHCredentialType

SSH credential type

source

LibGit2.isfilledFunction

isfilled(cred::AbstractCredential) -> Bool

Verifies that a credential is ready for use in authentication.

source

LibGit2.CachedCredentialsType

Caches credential information for re-use

source

LibGit2.CredentialPayloadType

LibGit2.CredentialPayload

Retains the state between multiple calls to the credential callback for the same URL. A CredentialPayload instance is expected to be reset! whenever it will be used with a different URL.

source

LibGit2.approveFunction

approve(payload::CredentialPayload; shred::Bool=true) -> Nothing

Store the payload credential for re-use in a future authentication. Should only be called when authentication was successful.

The shred keyword controls whether sensitive information in the payload credential field should be destroyed. Should only be set to false during testing.

source

LibGit2.rejectFunction

reject(payload::CredentialPayload; shred::Bool=true) -> Nothing

Discard the payload credential from begin re-used in future authentication. Should only be called when authentication was unsuccessful.

The shred keyword controls whether sensitive information in the payload credential field should be destroyed. Should only be set to false during testing.

source

© 2009–2018 Jeff Bezanson, Stefan Karpinski, Viral B. Shah, and other contributors
Licensed under the MIT License.
https://docs.julialang.org/en/v1.0.1/stdlib/LibGit2/