The value binding links the associated DOM element’s value with a property on your view model. This is typically useful with form elements such as <input>, <select> and <textarea>.
When the user edits the value in the associated form control, it updates the value on your view model. Likewise, when you update the value in your view model, this updates the value of the form control on screen.
Note: If you’re working with checkboxes or radio buttons, use the checked binding to read and write your element’s checked state, not the value binding.
KO sets the element’s value property to your parameter value. Any previous value will be overwritten.
If this parameter is an observable value, the binding will update the element’s value whenever the value changes. If the parameter isn’t observable, it will only set the element’s value once and will not update it again later.
If you supply something other than a number or a string (e.g., you pass an object or an array), the displayed text will be equivalent to yourParameter.toString() (that’s usually not very useful, so it’s best to supply string or numeric values).
Whenever the user edits the value in the associated form control, KO will update the property on your view model. KO will always attempt to update your view model when the value has been modified and a user transfers focus to another DOM node (i.e., on the change event), but you can also trigger updates based on other events by using the valueUpdate parameter described below.
If your binding also includes a parameter called valueUpdate, this defines additional browser events KO should use to detect changes besides the change event. The following string values are the most commonly useful choices:
See Note 2 below. Note that valueAllowUnset is only applicable when using value to control selection on a <select> element. On other elements it has no effect.
If you are trying to bind an <input type="text" /> or <textarea> to get instant updates to your viewmodel, use the the textInput binding. It has better support for browser edge cases than any combination of valueUpdate options.
You can also use the value binding with a <select> element that does not use the options binding. In this case, you can choose to specify your <option> elements in markup or build them using the foreach or template bindings. You can even nest options within <optgroup> elements and Knockout will set the selected value appropriately.
Normally, when you use the value binding on a <select> element, it means that you want the associated model value to describe which item in the <select> is selected. But what happens if you set the model value to something that has no corresponding entry in the list? The default behavior is for Knockout to overwrite your model value to reset it to whatever is already selected in the dropdown, thereby preventing the model and UI from getting out of sync.
However, sometimes you might not want that behavior. If instead you want Knockout to allow your model observable to take values that have no corresponding entry in the <select>, then specify valueAllowUnset: true. In this case, whenever your model value cannot be represented in the <select>, then the <select> simply has no selected value at that time, which is visually represented by it being blank. When the user later selects an entry from the dropdown, this will be written to your model as usual. For example:
In the above example, selectedCountry will retain the value 'Latvia', and the dropdown will be blank, because there is no corresponding option.
If valueAllowUnset had not been enabled, then Knockout would have overwritten selectedCountry with undefined, so that it would match the value of the 'Choose one...' caption entry.
If you use value to link a form element to an observable property, KO is able to set up a 2-way binding so that changes to either affect the other.
If you reference a simple property, i.e., it is just a regular property on your view model, KO will set the form element’s initial state to the property value, and when the form element is edited, KO will write the changes back to your property. It cannot detect when the property changes (because it isn’t observable), so this is only a 1-way binding.
If you reference something that is not a simple property, e.g., the result of a function call or comparison operation, KO will set the form element’s initial state to that value, but it will not be able to write any changes back when the user edits the form element. In this case it’s a one-time-only value setter, not an ongoing binding that reacts to changes.
The checked binding should be used to bind a view model property against the value of a checkbox (<input type='checkbox'>) or radio button (<input type='radio'>). If you do include the value binding with the checked binding on one of these elements, then the value binding will simply act like the checkedValue option that can be used with the checked binding and will control the value that is used for updating your view model.
Knockout will use jQuery, if it is present, for handling UI events such as change. To disable this behavior and instruct Knockout to always use native event handling, you can set the following option in your code before calling ko.applyBindings:
ko.options.useOnlyNativeEvents = true;
None, other than the core Knockout library.
© Steven Sanderson, the Knockout.js team, and other contributors
Licensed under the MIT License.