/NumPy 1.17

# numpy.average

`numpy.average(a, axis=None, weights=None, returned=False)` [source]

Compute the weighted average along the specified axis.

Parameters: `a : array_like` Array containing data to be averaged. If `a` is not an array, a conversion is attempted. `axis : None or int or tuple of ints, optional` Axis or axes along which to average `a`. The default, axis=None, will average over all of the elements of the input array. If axis is negative it counts from the last to the first axis. New in version 1.7.0. If axis is a tuple of ints, averaging is performed on all of the axes specified in the tuple instead of a single axis or all the axes as before. `weights : array_like, optional` An array of weights associated with the values in `a`. Each value in `a` contributes to the average according to its associated weight. The weights array can either be 1-D (in which case its length must be the size of `a` along the given axis) or of the same shape as `a`. If `weights=None`, then all data in `a` are assumed to have a weight equal to one. `returned : bool, optional` Default is `False`. If `True`, the tuple (`average`, `sum_of_weights`) is returned, otherwise only the average is returned. If `weights=None`, `sum_of_weights` is equivalent to the number of elements over which the average is taken. `retval, [sum_of_weights] : array_type or double` Return the average along the specified axis. When `returned` is `True`, return a tuple with the average as the first element and the sum of the weights as the second element. `sum_of_weights` is of the same type as `retval`. The result dtype follows a genereal pattern. If `weights` is None, the result dtype will be that of `a` , or `float64` if `a` is integral. Otherwise, if `weights` is not None and `a` is non- integral, the result type will be the type of lowest precision capable of representing values of both `a` and `weights`. If `a` happens to be integral, the previous rules still applies but the result dtype will at least be `float64`. ZeroDivisionError When all weights along axis are zero. See `numpy.ma.average` for a version robust to this type of error. TypeError When the length of 1D `weights` is not the same as the shape of `a` along axis.

`mean`

`ma.average`
average for masked arrays – useful if your data contains “missing” values
`numpy.result_type`
Returns the type that results from applying the numpy type promotion rules to the arguments.

#### Examples

```>>> data = list(range(1,5))
>>> data
[1, 2, 3, 4]
>>> np.average(data)
2.5
>>> np.average(range(1,11), weights=range(10,0,-1))
4.0
```
```>>> data = np.arange(6).reshape((3,2))
>>> data
array([[0, 1],
[2, 3],
[4, 5]])
>>> np.average(data, axis=1, weights=[1./4, 3./4])
array([0.75, 2.75, 4.75])
>>> np.average(data, weights=[1./4, 3./4])
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
TypeError: Axis must be specified when shapes of a and weights differ.
```
```>>> a = np.ones(5, dtype=np.float128)
>>> w = np.ones(5, dtype=np.complex64)
>>> avg = np.average(a, weights=w)
>>> print(avg.dtype)
complex256
```

© 2005–2019 NumPy Developers