/pandas 0.23

Options and Settings


pandas has an options system that lets you customize some aspects of its behaviour, display-related options being those the user is most likely to adjust.

Options have a full “dotted-style”, case-insensitive name (e.g. display.max_rows). You can get/set options directly as attributes of the top-level options attribute:

In [1]: import pandas as pd

In [2]: pd.options.display.max_rows
Out[2]: 15

In [3]: pd.options.display.max_rows = 999

In [4]: pd.options.display.max_rows
Out[4]: 999

The API is composed of 5 relevant functions, available directly from the pandas namespace:

Note: Developers can check out pandas/core/config.py for more information.

All of the functions above accept a regexp pattern (re.search style) as an argument, and so passing in a substring will work - as long as it is unambiguous:

In [5]: pd.get_option("display.max_rows")
Out[5]: 999

In [6]: pd.set_option("display.max_rows",101)

In [7]: pd.get_option("display.max_rows")
Out[7]: 101

In [8]: pd.set_option("max_r",102)

In [9]: pd.get_option("display.max_rows")
Out[9]: 102

The following will not work because it matches multiple option names, e.g. display.max_colwidth, display.max_rows, display.max_columns:

In [10]: try:
   ....:     pd.get_option("column")
   ....: except KeyError as e:
   ....:     print(e)
'Pattern matched multiple keys'

Note: Using this form of shorthand may cause your code to break if new options with similar names are added in future versions.

You can get a list of available options and their descriptions with describe_option. When called with no argument describe_option will print out the descriptions for all available options.

Getting and Setting Options

As described above, get_option() and set_option() are available from the pandas namespace. To change an option, call set_option('option regex', new_value).

In [11]: pd.get_option('mode.sim_interactive')
Out[11]: False

In [12]: pd.set_option('mode.sim_interactive', True)

In [13]: pd.get_option('mode.sim_interactive')
Out[13]: True

Note: The option ‘mode.sim_interactive’ is mostly used for debugging purposes.

All options also have a default value, and you can use reset_option to do just that:

In [14]: pd.get_option("display.max_rows")
Out[14]: 60

In [15]: pd.set_option("display.max_rows",999)

In [16]: pd.get_option("display.max_rows")
Out[16]: 999

In [17]: pd.reset_option("display.max_rows")

In [18]: pd.get_option("display.max_rows")
Out[18]: 60

It’s also possible to reset multiple options at once (using a regex):

In [19]: pd.reset_option("^display")

option_context context manager has been exposed through the top-level API, allowing you to execute code with given option values. Option values are restored automatically when you exit the with block:

In [20]: with pd.option_context("display.max_rows",10,"display.max_columns", 5):
   ....:      print(pd.get_option("display.max_rows"))
   ....:      print(pd.get_option("display.max_columns"))

In [21]: print(pd.get_option("display.max_rows"))

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Licensed under the 3-clause BSD License.