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compact

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

compactCreate array containing variables and their values

Description

array compact ( mixed $varname1 [, mixed $... ] )

Creates an array containing variables and their values.

For each of these, compact() looks for a variable with that name in the current symbol table and adds it to the output array such that the variable name becomes the key and the contents of the variable become the value for that key. In short, it does the opposite of extract().

Note:

Before PHP 7.3, any strings that are not set will silently be skipped.

Parameters

varname1

compact() takes a variable number of parameters. Each parameter can be either a string containing the name of the variable, or an array of variable names. The array can contain other arrays of variable names inside it; compact() handles it recursively.

Return Values

Returns the output array with all the variables added to it.

Errors/Exceptions

compact() issues an E_NOTICE level error if a given string refers to an unset variable.

Changelog

Version Description
7.3.0 compact() now issues an E_NOTICE level error if a given string refers to an unset variable. Formerly, such strings have been silently skipped.

Examples

Example #1 compact() example

<?php
$city  = "San Francisco";
$state = "CA";
$event = "SIGGRAPH";

$location_vars = array("city", "state");

$result = compact("event", "nothing_here", $location_vars);
print_r($result);
?>

The above example will output:

Array
(
    [event] => SIGGRAPH
    [city] => San Francisco
    [state] => CA
)

Notes

Note: Gotcha

Because variable variables may not be used with PHP's Superglobal arrays within functions, the Superglobal arrays may not be passed into compact().

See Also

  • extract() - Import variables into the current symbol table from an array

© 1997–2018 The PHP Documentation Group
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License v3.0 or later.
https://secure.php.net/manual/en/function.compact.php