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/Qt 5.11

vector3d QML Basic Type

a value with x, y, and z attributes.

The vector3d type refers to a value with x, y, and z attributes.

To create a vector3d value, specify it as a "x,y,z" string:

Rotation { angle: 60; axis: "0,1,0" }

or with the Qt.vector3d() function:

Rotation { angle: 60; axis: Qt.vector3d(0, 1, 0) }

or as separate x, y, and z components:

Rotation { angle: 60; axis.x: 0; axis.y: 1; axis.z: 0 }

Each attribute of a vector3d value is stored internally as a single-precision floating point number (float).

When integrating with C++, note that any QVector3D value passed into QML from C++ is automatically converted into a vector3d value, and vice-versa.

The vector3d type has the following idempotent functions which can be invoked in QML:

Function Signature Description Example
vector3d crossProduct(vector3d other) Returns the vector3d result of the cross product of this vector3d with the other vector3d
var a = Qt.vector3d(1,2,3);
var b = Qt.vector3d(4,5,6);
var c = a.crossProduct(b);
console.log(c.toString()); // QVector3D(-3, 6, -3)
real dotProduct(vector3d other) Returns the scalar real result of the dot product of this vector3d with the other vector3d
var a = Qt.vector3d(1,2,3);
var b = Qt.vector3d(4,5,6);
var c = a.dotProduct(b);
console.log(c); // 32
vector3d times(matrix4x4 matrix) Returns the vector3d result of transforming this vector3d with the 4x4 matrix with the matrix applied post-vector
var a = Qt.vector3d(1,2,3);
var b = Qt.matrix4x4(4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,
                     12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19);
var c = a.times(b);
console.log(c.toString());
// QVector3D(0.774194, 0.849462, 0.924731)
vector3d times(vector3d other) Returns the vector3d result of multiplying this vector3d with the other vector3d
var a = Qt.vector3d(1,2,3);
var b = Qt.vector3d(4,5,6);
var c = a.times(b);
console.log(c.toString()); // QVector3D(4, 10, 18)
vector3d times(real factor) Returns the vector3d result of multiplying this vector3d with the scalar factor
var a = Qt.vector3d(1,2,3);
var b = 4.48;
var c = a.times(b);
console.log(c.toString()); // QVector3D(4.48, 8.96, 13.44)
vector3d plus(vector3d other) Returns the vector3d result of the addition of this vector3d with the other vector3d
var a = Qt.vector3d(1,2,3);
var b = Qt.vector3d(4,5,6);
var c = a.plus(b);
console.log(c.toString()); // QVector3D(5, 7, 9)
vector3d minus(vector3d other) Returns the vector3d result of the subtraction of other vector3d from this vector3d
var a = Qt.vector3d(1,2,3);
var b = Qt.vector3d(4,5,6);
var c = a.minus(b);
console.log(c.toString()); // QVector3D(-3, -3, -3)
vector3d normalized() Returns the normalized form of this vector
var a = Qt.vector3d(1,2,3);
var b = a.normalized();
console.log(b.toString());
// QVector3D(0.267261, 0.534522, 0.801784)
real length() Returns the scalar real value of the length of this vector3d
var a = Qt.vector3d(1,2,3);
var b = a.length();
console.log(b.toString()); // 3.7416573867739413
vector2d toVector2d() Returns the vector2d result of converting this vector3d to a vector2d
var a = Qt.vector3d(1,2,3);
var b = a.toVector2d();
console.log(b.toString()); // QVector2D(1, 2)
vector4d toVector4d() Returns the vector4d result of converting this vector3d to a vector4d
var a = Qt.vector3d(1,2,3);
var b = a.toVector4d();
console.log(b.toString()); // QVector4D(1, 2, 3, 0)
bool fuzzyEquals(vector3d other, real epsilon) Returns true if this vector3d is approximately equal to the other vector3d. The approximation will be true if each attribute of this is within epsilon of other. Note that epsilon is an optional argument, the default epsilon is 0.00001.
var a = Qt.vector3d(1,2,3);
var b = Qt.vector3d(1.0001, 1.9998, 2.0001);
var c = a.fuzzyEquals(b);        // default epsilon
var d = a.fuzzyEquals(b, 0.005); // supplied epsilon
console.log(c + " " + d); // false true

This basic type is provided by the QtQuick import.

See also QML Basic Types.

© The Qt Company Ltd
Licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3.
https://doc.qt.io/qt-5/qml-vector3d.html