The Rust compiler does not consider the following behaviors unsafe, though a programmer may (should) find them undesirable, unexpected, or erroneous.
If a program contains arithmetic overflow, the programmer has made an error. In the following discussion, we maintain a distinction between arithmetic overflow and wrapping arithmetic. The first is erroneous, while the second is intentional.
When the programmer has enabled
debug_assert! assertions (for example, by enabling a non-optimized build), implementations must insert dynamic checks that
panic on overflow. Other kinds of builds may result in
panics or silently wrapped values on overflow, at the implementation's discretion.
In the case of implicitly-wrapped overflow, implementations must provide well-defined (even if still considered erroneous) results by using two's complement overflow conventions.
The integral types provide inherent methods to allow programmers explicitly to perform wrapping arithmetic. For example,
i32::wrapping_add provides two's complement, wrapping addition.
The standard library also provides a
Wrapping<T> newtype which ensures all standard arithmetic operations for
T have wrapping semantics.
See RFC 560 for error conditions, rationale, and more details about integer overflow.
© 2010 The Rust Project Developers
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 or the MIT license, at your option.