Trait std::convert::AsRef

pub trait AsRef<T> where    T: ?Sized, {
    fn as_ref(&self) -> &TⓘNotable traits for &'_ mut Fimpl<'_, F> Future for &'_ mut F where    F: Unpin + Future + ?Sized,     type Output = <F as Future>::Output;impl<'_, I> Iterator for &'_ mut I where    I: Iterator + ?Sized,     type Item = <I as Iterator>::Item;impl<R: Read + ?Sized, '_> Read for &'_ mut Rimpl<W: Write + ?Sized, '_> Write for &'_ mut W;

Used to do a cheap reference-to-reference conversion.

This trait is similar to AsMut which is used for converting between mutable references. If you need to do a costly conversion it is better to implement From with type &T or write a custom function.

AsRef has the same signature as Borrow, but Borrow is different in few aspects:

  • Unlike AsRef, Borrow has a blanket impl for any T, and can be used to accept either a reference or a value.
  • Borrow also requires that Hash, Eq and Ord for borrowed value are equivalent to those of the owned value. For this reason, if you want to borrow only a single field of a struct you can implement AsRef, but not Borrow.

Note: This trait must not fail. If the conversion can fail, use a dedicated method which returns an Option<T> or a Result<T, E>.

Generic Implementations

  • AsRef auto-dereferences if the inner type is a reference or a mutable reference (e.g.: foo.as_ref() will work the same if foo has type &mut Foo or &&mut Foo)


By using trait bounds we can accept arguments of different types as long as they can be converted to the specified type T.

For example: By creating a generic function that takes an AsRef<str> we express that we want to accept all references that can be converted to &str as an argument. Since both String and &str implement AsRef<str> we can accept both as input argument.

fn is_hello<T: AsRef<str>>(s: T) {
   assert_eq!("hello", s.as_ref());

let s = "hello";

let s = "hello".to_string();

Required methods

fn as_ref(&self) -> &T

Notable traits for &'_ mut F

impl<'_, F> Future for &'_ mut F where
    F: Unpin + Future + ?Sized, 
    type Output = <F as Future>::Output;
impl<'_, I> Iterator for &'_ mut I where
    I: Iterator + ?Sized, 
    type Item = <I as Iterator>::Item;
impl<R: Read + ?Sized, '_> Read for &'_ mut R
impl<W: Write + ?Sized, '_> Write for &'_ mut W

Performs the conversion.

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impl AsRef<[u8]> for str[src]

impl AsRef<[u8]> for String[src]

impl AsRef<str> for str[src]

impl AsRef<str> for String[src]

impl AsRef<CStr> for CStr[src]

impl AsRef<CStr> for CString[src]

impl AsRef<OsStr> for str[src]

impl AsRef<OsStr> for OsStr[src]

impl AsRef<OsStr> for OsString[src]

impl AsRef<OsStr> for Path[src]

impl AsRef<OsStr> for PathBuf[src]

impl AsRef<OsStr> for String[src]

impl AsRef<Path> for str[src]

impl AsRef<Path> for OsStr[src]

impl AsRef<Path> for OsString[src]

impl AsRef<Path> for Path[src]

impl AsRef<Path> for PathBuf[src]

impl AsRef<Path> for String[src]

impl<'_> AsRef<OsStr> for Component<'_>[src]

impl<'_> AsRef<OsStr> for Components<'_>[src]

impl<'_> AsRef<OsStr> for std::path::Iter<'_>[src]

impl<'_> AsRef<Path> for Cow<'_, OsStr>[src]

impl<'_> AsRef<Path> for Component<'_>[src]

impl<'_> AsRef<Path> for Components<'_>[src]

impl<'_> AsRef<Path> for std::path::Iter<'_>[src]

impl<'_, T> AsRef<[T]> for std::slice::Iter<'_, T>[src]

impl<'_, T> AsRef<T> for Cow<'_, T> where
    T: ToOwned + ?Sized

impl<'_, T, U> AsRef<U> for &'_ T where
    T: AsRef<U> + ?Sized,
    U: ?Sized

impl<'_, T, U> AsRef<U> for &'_ mut T where
    T: AsRef<U> + ?Sized,
    U: ?Sized

impl<'a, T> AsRef<[T]> for Drain<'a, T>[src]

impl<T> AsRef<[T]> for [T][src]

impl<T> AsRef<[T]> for IntoIter<T>[src]

impl<T> AsRef<[T]> for Vec<T>[src]

impl<T> AsRef<Vec<T>> for Vec<T>[src]

impl<T> AsRef<T> for Box<T> where
    T: ?Sized

impl<T> AsRef<T> for Rc<T> where
    T: ?Sized

impl<T> AsRef<T> for Arc<T> where
    T: ?Sized

impl<T, const N: usize> AsRef<[T]> for [T; N][src]

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Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 or the MIT license, at your option.