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Function std::iter::once

ⓘImportant traits for Once<T>
impl<T> Iterator for Once<T>
    type Item = T;
pub fn once<T>(value: T) -> Once<T>

Creates an iterator that yields an element exactly once.

This is commonly used to adapt a single value into a chain of other kinds of iteration. Maybe you have an iterator that covers almost everything, but you need an extra special case. Maybe you have a function which works on iterators, but you only need to process one value.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::iter;

// one is the loneliest number
let mut one = iter::once(1);

assert_eq!(Some(1), one.next());

// just one, that's all we get
assert_eq!(None, one.next());

Chaining together with another iterator. Let's say that we want to iterate over each file of the .foo directory, but also a configuration file, .foorc:

use std::iter;
use std::fs;
use std::path::PathBuf;

let dirs = fs::read_dir(".foo").unwrap();

// we need to convert from an iterator of DirEntry-s to an iterator of
// PathBufs, so we use map
let dirs = dirs.map(|file| file.unwrap().path());

// now, our iterator just for our config file
let config = iter::once(PathBuf::from(".foorc"));

// chain the two iterators together into one big iterator
let files = dirs.chain(config);

// this will give us all of the files in .foo as well as .foorc
for f in files {
    println!("{:?}", f);
}

© 2010 The Rust Project Developers
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 or the MIT license, at your option.
https://doc.rust-lang.org/std/iter/fn.once.html