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Trait std::ops::DerefMut

#[lang = "deref_mut"]
pub trait DerefMut: Deref {
    fn deref_mut(&mut self) -> &mut Self::Target;
}

Used for mutable dereferencing operations, like in *v = 1;.

In addition to being used for explicit dereferencing operations with the (unary) * operator in mutable contexts, DerefMut is also used implicitly by the compiler in many circumstances. This mechanism is called 'Deref coercion'. In immutable contexts, Deref is used.

Implementing DerefMut for smart pointers makes mutating the data behind them convenient, which is why they implement DerefMut. On the other hand, the rules regarding Deref and DerefMut were designed specifically to accommodate smart pointers. Because of this, DerefMut should only be implemented for smart pointers to avoid confusion.

For similar reasons, this trait should never fail. Failure during dereferencing can be extremely confusing when DerefMut is invoked implicitly.

More on Deref coercion

If T implements DerefMut<Target = U>, and x is a value of type T, then:

  • In mutable contexts, *x on non-pointer types is equivalent to *Deref::deref(&x).
  • Values of type &mut T are coerced to values of type &mut U
  • T implicitly implements all the (mutable) methods of the type U.

For more details, visit the chapter in The Rust Programming Language as well as the reference sections on the dereference operator, method resolution and type coercions.

Examples

A struct with a single field which is modifiable by dereferencing the struct.

use std::ops::{Deref, DerefMut};

struct DerefMutExample<T> {
    value: T
}

impl<T> Deref for DerefMutExample<T> {
    type Target = T;

    fn deref(&self) -> &T {
        &self.value
    }
}

impl<T> DerefMut for DerefMutExample<T> {
    fn deref_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T {
        &mut self.value
    }
}

let mut x = DerefMutExample { value: 'a' };
*x = 'b';
assert_eq!('b', *x);

Required Methods

Mutably dereferences the value.

Implementors

impl DerefMut for String [src]

impl<'a, T> DerefMut for &'a mut T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

ⓘImportant traits for &'a mut I
impl<'a, I> Iterator for &'a mut I where
    I: Iterator + ?Sized, 
    type Item = <I as Iterator>::Item;
impl<'a, R: Read + ?Sized> Read for &'a mut R
impl<'a, W: Write + ?Sized> Write for &'a mut W

impl<'a, T> DerefMut for PeekMut<'a, T> where
    T: Ord
[src]

ⓘImportant traits for &'a mut I
impl<'a, I> Iterator for &'a mut I where
    I: Iterator + ?Sized, 
    type Item = <I as Iterator>::Item;
impl<'a, R: Read + ?Sized> Read for &'a mut R
impl<'a, W: Write + ?Sized> Write for &'a mut W

impl<'a, T> DerefMut for PinMut<'a, T> where
    T: Unpin + ?Sized
[src]

ⓘImportant traits for &'a mut I
impl<'a, I> Iterator for &'a mut I where
    I: Iterator + ?Sized, 
    type Item = <I as Iterator>::Item;
impl<'a, R: Read + ?Sized> Read for &'a mut R
impl<'a, W: Write + ?Sized> Write for &'a mut W

impl<'b, T> DerefMut for RefMut<'b, T> where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

ⓘImportant traits for &'a mut I
impl<'a, I> Iterator for &'a mut I where
    I: Iterator + ?Sized, 
    type Item = <I as Iterator>::Item;
impl<'a, R: Read + ?Sized> Read for &'a mut R
impl<'a, W: Write + ?Sized> Write for &'a mut W

impl<'mutex, T: ?Sized> DerefMut for MutexGuard<'mutex, T> [src]

ⓘImportant traits for &'a mut I
impl<'a, I> Iterator for &'a mut I where
    I: Iterator + ?Sized, 
    type Item = <I as Iterator>::Item;
impl<'a, R: Read + ?Sized> Read for &'a mut R
impl<'a, W: Write + ?Sized> Write for &'a mut W

impl<'rwlock, T: ?Sized> DerefMut for RwLockWriteGuard<'rwlock, T> [src]

ⓘImportant traits for &'a mut I
impl<'a, I> Iterator for &'a mut I where
    I: Iterator + ?Sized, 
    type Item = <I as Iterator>::Item;
impl<'a, R: Read + ?Sized> Read for &'a mut R
impl<'a, W: Write + ?Sized> Write for &'a mut W

impl<T> DerefMut for Box<T> where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

ⓘImportant traits for &'a mut I
impl<'a, I> Iterator for &'a mut I where
    I: Iterator + ?Sized, 
    type Item = <I as Iterator>::Item;
impl<'a, R: Read + ?Sized> Read for &'a mut R
impl<'a, W: Write + ?Sized> Write for &'a mut W

impl<T> DerefMut for ManuallyDrop<T> where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> DerefMut for AssertUnwindSafe<T> [src]

ⓘImportant traits for &'a mut I
impl<'a, I> Iterator for &'a mut I where
    I: Iterator + ?Sized, 
    type Item = <I as Iterator>::Item;
impl<'a, R: Read + ?Sized> Read for &'a mut R
impl<'a, W: Write + ?Sized> Write for &'a mut W

impl<T> DerefMut for PinBox<T> where
    T: Unpin + ?Sized
[src]

ⓘImportant traits for &'a mut I
impl<'a, I> Iterator for &'a mut I where
    I: Iterator + ?Sized, 
    type Item = <I as Iterator>::Item;
impl<'a, R: Read + ?Sized> Read for &'a mut R
impl<'a, W: Write + ?Sized> Write for &'a mut W

impl<T> DerefMut for Vec<T> [src]

ⓘImportant traits for &'a [u8]
impl<'a> Read for &'a [u8]
impl<'a> Write for &'a mut [u8]

© 2010 The Rust Project Developers
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 or the MIT license, at your option.
https://doc.rust-lang.org/std/ops/trait.DerefMut.html