function stable

Creates an Observable from an arbitrary API for registering event handlers.

fromEventPattern<T>(addHandler: (handler: NodeEventHandler) => any, removeHandler?: (handler: NodeEventHandler, signal?: any) => void, resultSelector?: (...args: any[]) => T): Observable<T | T[]>



A function that takes a handler function as argument and attaches it somehow to the actual source of events.


Optional. Default is undefined.

A function that takes a handler function as an argument and removes it from the event source. If addHandler returns some kind of token, removeHandler function will have it as a second parameter.


Optional. Default is undefined.

Type: (...args: any[]) => T.


Observable<T | T[]>: Observable which, when an event happens, emits first parameter passed to registered event handler. Alternatively it emits whatever project function returns at that moment.


When that method for adding event handler was something fromEvent was not prepared for.

fromEventPattern marble diagram

fromEventPattern allows you to convert into an Observable any API that supports registering handler functions for events. It is similar to fromEvent, but far more flexible. In fact, all use cases of fromEvent could be easily handled by fromEventPattern (although in slightly more verbose way).

This operator accepts as a first argument an addHandler function, which will be injected with handler parameter. That handler is actually an event handler function that you now can pass to API expecting it. addHandler will be called whenever Observable returned by the operator is subscribed, so registering handler in API will not necessarily happen when fromEventPattern is called.

After registration, every time an event that we listen to happens, Observable returned by fromEventPattern will emit value that event handler function was called with. Note that if event handler was called with more then one argument, second and following arguments will not appear in the Observable.

If API you are using allows to unregister event handlers as well, you can pass to fromEventPattern another function - removeHandler - as a second parameter. It will be injected with the same handler function as before, which now you can use to unregister it from the API. removeHandler will be called when consumer of resulting Observable unsubscribes from it.

In some APIs unregistering is actually handled differently. Method registering an event handler returns some kind of token, which is later used to identify which function should be unregistered or it itself has method that unregisters event handler. If that is the case with your API, make sure token returned by registering method is returned by addHandler. Then it will be passed as a second argument to removeHandler, where you will be able to use it.

If you need access to all event handler parameters (not only the first one), or you need to transform them in any way, you can call fromEventPattern with optional third parameter - project function which will accept all arguments passed to event handler when it is called. Whatever is returned from project function will appear on resulting stream instead of usual event handlers first argument. This means that default project can be thought of as function that takes its first parameter and ignores the rest.


Emits clicks happening on the DOM document

import { fromEventPattern } from 'rxjs';

function addClickHandler(handler) {
  document.addEventListener('click', handler);

function removeClickHandler(handler) {
  document.removeEventListener('click', handler);

const clicks = fromEventPattern(
clicks.subscribe(x => console.log(x));

// Whenever you click anywhere in the browser, DOM MouseEvent
// object will be logged.


Use with API that returns cancellation token

import { fromEventPattern } from 'rxjs';

const token = someAPI.registerEventHandler(function() {});
someAPI.unregisterEventHandler(token); // this APIs cancellation method accepts
                                       // not handler itself, but special token.

const someAPIObservable = fromEventPattern(
  function(handler) { return someAPI.registerEventHandler(handler); }, // Note that we return the token here...
  function(handler, token) { someAPI.unregisterEventHandler(token); }  // ...to then use it here.


Use with project function

import { fromEventPattern } from 'rxjs';

someAPI.registerEventHandler((eventType, eventMessage) => {
  console.log(eventType, eventMessage); // Logs "EVENT_TYPE" "EVENT_MESSAGE" to console.

const someAPIObservable = fromEventPattern(
  handler => someAPI.registerEventHandler(handler),
  handler => someAPI.unregisterEventHandler(handler)
  (eventType, eventMessage) => eventType + " --- " + eventMessage // without that function only "EVENT_TYPE"
);                                                                // would be emitted by the Observable

someAPIObservable.subscribe(value => console.log(value));

// Logs:

See Also

© 2015–2018 Google, Inc., Netflix, Inc., Microsoft Corp. and contributors.
Code licensed under an Apache-2.0 License. Documentation licensed under CC BY 4.0.