function stable

Recursively projects each source value to an Observable which is merged in the output Observable.

expand<T, R>(project: (value: T, index: number) => ObservableInput<R>, concurrent: number = Number.POSITIVE_INFINITY, scheduler: SchedulerLike = undefined): OperatorFunction<T, R>



A function that, when applied to an item emitted by the source or the output Observable, returns an Observable.


Optional. Default is Number.POSITIVE_INFINITY.

Maximum number of input Observables being subscribed to concurrently.


Optional. Default is undefined.

The SchedulerLike to use for subscribing to each projected inner Observable.


OperatorFunction<T, R>: An Observable that emits the source values and also result of applying the projection function to each value emitted on the output Observable and and merging the results of the Observables obtained from this transformation.


It's similar to mergeMap, but applies the projection function to every source value as well as every output value. It's recursive.

expand marble diagram

Returns an Observable that emits items based on applying a function that you supply to each item emitted by the source Observable, where that function returns an Observable, and then merging those resulting Observables and emitting the results of this merger. Expand will re-emit on the output Observable every source value. Then, each output value is given to the project function which returns an inner Observable to be merged on the output Observable. Those output values resulting from the projection are also given to the project function to produce new output values. This is how expand behaves recursively.


Start emitting the powers of two on every click, at most 10 of them

import { fromEvent, of } from 'rxjs';
import { expand, mapTo, delay, take } from 'rxjs/operators';

const clicks = fromEvent(document, 'click');
const powersOfTwo = clicks.pipe(
  expand(x => of(2 * x).pipe(delay(1000))),
powersOfTwo.subscribe(x => console.log(x));

See Also

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