/TensorFlow 1.15


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Wraps arbitrary expressions as a Layer object.

Inherits From: Layer

The Lambda layer exists so that arbitrary TensorFlow functions can be used when constructing Sequential and Functional API models. Lambda layers are best suited for simple operations or quick experimentation. For more advanced use cases, subclassing keras.layers.Layer is preferred. One reason for this is that when saving a Model, Lambda layers are saved by serializing the Python bytecode, whereas subclassed Layers are saved via overriding their get_config method and are thus more portable. Models that rely on subclassed Layers are also often easier to visualize and reason about.


# add a x -> x^2 layer
model.add(Lambda(lambda x: x ** 2))
# add a layer that returns the concatenation
# of the positive part of the input and
# the opposite of the negative part

def antirectifier(x):
    x -= K.mean(x, axis=1, keepdims=True)
    x = K.l2_normalize(x, axis=1)
    pos = K.relu(x)
    neg = K.relu(-x)
    return K.concatenate([pos, neg], axis=1)


Variables can be created within a Lambda layer. Like with other layers, these variables will be created only once and reused if the Lambda layer is called on new inputs. If creating more than one variable in a given Lambda instance, be sure to use a different name for each variable. Note that calling sublayers from within a Lambda is not supported.

Example of variable creation:

def linear_transform(x):
  v1 = tf.Variable(1., name='multiplier')
  v2 = tf.Variable(0., name='bias')
  return x*v1 + v2

linear_layer = Lambda(linear_transform)
model.add(keras.layers.Dense(10, activation='relu'))
model.add(linear_layer)  # Reuses existing Variables

Note that creating two instances of Lambda using the same function will not share Variables between the two instances. Each instance of Lambda will create and manage its own weights.

function The function to be evaluated. Takes input tensor as first argument.
output_shape Expected output shape from function. This argument can be inferred if not explicitly provided. Can be a tuple or function. If a tuple, it only specifies the first dimension onward; sample dimension is assumed either the same as the input: output_shape = (input_shape[0], ) + output_shape or, the input is None and the sample dimension is also None: output_shape = (None, ) + output_shape If a function, it specifies the entire shape as a function of the input shape: output_shape = f(input_shape)
mask Either None (indicating no masking) or a callable with the same signature as the compute_mask layer method, or a tensor that will be returned as output mask regardless what the input is.
arguments Optional dictionary of keyword arguments to be passed to the function.

Input shape: Arbitrary. Use the keyword argument input_shape (tuple of integers, does not include the samples axis) when using this layer as the first layer in a model. Output shape: Specified by output_shape argument

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0.
Code samples licensed under the Apache 2.0 License.