Normalize and scale inputs or activations synchronously across replicas.
tf.keras.layers.experimental.SyncBatchNormalization( axis=-1, momentum=0.99, epsilon=0.001, center=True, scale=True, beta_initializer='zeros', gamma_initializer='ones', moving_mean_initializer='zeros', moving_variance_initializer='ones', beta_regularizer=None, gamma_regularizer=None, beta_constraint=None, gamma_constraint=None, renorm=False, renorm_clipping=None, renorm_momentum=0.99, trainable=True, adjustment=None, name=None, **kwargs )
Applies batch normalization to activations of the previous layer at each batch by synchronizing the global batch statistics across all devices that are training the model. For specific details about batch normalization please refer to the tf.keras.layers.BatchNormalization
layer docs.
If this layer is used when using tf.distribute strategy to train models across devices/workers, there will be an allreduce call to aggregate batch statistics across all replicas at every training step. Without tf.distribute strategy, this layer behaves as a regular tf.keras.layers.BatchNormalization
layer.
strategy = tf.distribute.MirroredStrategy() with strategy.scope(): model = tf.keras.Sequential() model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(16)) model.add(tf.keras.layers.experimental.SyncBatchNormalization())
Arguments | |
---|---|
axis | Integer, the axis that should be normalized (typically the features axis). For instance, after a Conv2D layer with data_format="channels_first" , set axis=1 in BatchNormalization . |
momentum | Momentum for the moving average. |
epsilon | Small float added to variance to avoid dividing by zero. |
center | If True, add offset of beta to normalized tensor. If False, beta is ignored. |
scale | If True, multiply by gamma . If False, gamma is not used. When the next layer is linear (also e.g. nn.relu ), this can be disabled since the scaling will be done by the next layer. |
beta_initializer | Initializer for the beta weight. |
gamma_initializer | Initializer for the gamma weight. |
moving_mean_initializer | Initializer for the moving mean. |
moving_variance_initializer | Initializer for the moving variance. |
beta_regularizer | Optional regularizer for the beta weight. |
gamma_regularizer | Optional regularizer for the gamma weight. |
beta_constraint | Optional constraint for the beta weight. |
gamma_constraint | Optional constraint for the gamma weight. |
renorm | Whether to use Batch Renormalization. This adds extra variables during training. The inference is the same for either value of this parameter. |
renorm_clipping | A dictionary that may map keys 'rmax', 'rmin', 'dmax' to scalar Tensors used to clip the renorm correction. The correction (r, d) is used as corrected_value = normalized_value * r + d , with r clipped to [rmin, rmax], and d to [-dmax, dmax]. Missing rmax, rmin, dmax are set to inf, 0, inf, respectively. |
renorm_momentum | Momentum used to update the moving means and standard deviations with renorm. Unlike momentum , this affects training and should be neither too small (which would add noise) nor too large (which would give stale estimates). Note that momentum is still applied to get the means and variances for inference. |
trainable | Boolean, if True the variables will be marked as trainable. |
inputs
: Input tensor (of any rank).training
: Python boolean indicating whether the layer should behave in training mode or in inference mode. training=True
: The layer will normalize its inputs using the mean and variance of the current batch of inputs.training=False
: The layer will normalize its inputs using the mean and variance of its moving statistics, learned during training.Arbitrary. Use the keyword argument input_shape
(tuple of integers, does not include the samples axis) when using this layer as the first layer in a model.
Same shape as input.
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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0.
Code samples licensed under the Apache 2.0 License.
https://www.tensorflow.org/versions/r2.3/api_docs/python/tf/keras/layers/experimental/SyncBatchNormalization