tf.contrib.nn.rank_sampled_softmax_loss( weights, biases, labels, inputs, num_sampled, num_resampled, num_classes, num_true, sampled_values, resampling_temperature, remove_accidental_hits, partition_strategy, name=None )
Defined in tensorflow/contrib/nn/python/ops/sampling_ops.py
.
Computes softmax loss using rank-based adaptive resampling.
This has been shown to improve rank loss after training compared to tf.nn.sampled_softmax_loss
. For a description of the algorithm and some experimental results, please see: TAPAS: Two-pass Approximate Adaptive Sampling for Softmax.
Sampling follows two phases: In the first phase, num_sampled
classes are selected using tf.nn.learned_unigram_candidate_sampler
or supplied sampled_values
. The logits are calculated on those sampled classes. This phases is similar to tf.nn.sampled_softmax_loss
. In the second phase, the num_resampled
classes with highest predicted probability are kept. Probabilities are LogSumExp(logits / resampling_temperature)
, where the sum is over inputs
.
The resampling_temperature
parameter controls the "adaptiveness" of the resampling. At lower temperatures, resampling is more adaptive because it picks more candidates close to the predicted classes. A common strategy is to decrease the temperature as training proceeds.
See tf.nn.sampled_softmax_loss
for more documentation on sampling and for typical default values for some of the parameters.
This operation is for training only. It is generally an underestimate of the full softmax loss.
A common use case is to use this method for training, and calculate the full softmax loss for evaluation or inference. In this case, you must set partition_strategy="div"
for the two losses to be consistent, as in the following example:
if mode == "train": loss = rank_sampled_softmax_loss( weights=weights, biases=biases, labels=labels, inputs=inputs, ..., partition_strategy="div") elif mode == "eval": logits = tf.matmul(inputs, tf.transpose(weights)) logits = tf.nn.bias_add(logits, biases) labels_one_hot = tf.one_hot(labels, n_classes) loss = tf.nn.softmax_cross_entropy_with_logits( labels=labels_one_hot, logits=logits)
weights
: A Tensor
or PartitionedVariable
of shape [num_classes, dim]
, or a list of Tensor
objects whose concatenation along dimension 0 has shape [num_classes, dim]. The (possibly-sharded) class embeddings.biases
: A Tensor
or PartitionedVariable
of shape [num_classes]
. The (possibly-sharded) class biases.labels
: A Tensor
of type int64
and shape [batch_size, num_true]
. The target classes. Note that this format differs from the labels
argument of nn.softmax_cross_entropy_with_logits
.inputs
: A Tensor
of shape [batch_size, dim]
. The forward activations of the input network.num_sampled
: An int
. The number of classes to randomly sample per batch.num_resampled
: An int
. The number of classes to select from the num_sampled
classes using the adaptive resampling algorithm. Must be less than num_sampled
.num_classes
: An int
. The number of possible classes.num_true
: An int
. The number of target classes per training example.sampled_values
: A tuple of (sampled_candidates
, true_expected_count
, sampled_expected_count
) returned by a *_candidate_sampler
function. If None, default to nn.learned_unigram_candidate_sampler
.resampling_temperature
: A scalar Tensor
with the temperature parameter for the adaptive resampling algorithm.remove_accidental_hits
: A bool
. Whether to remove "accidental hits" where a sampled class equals one of the target classes.partition_strategy
: A string specifying the partitioning strategy, relevant if len(weights) > 1
. Currently "div"
and "mod"
are supported. See tf.nn.embedding_lookup
for more details.name
: A name for the operation (optional).A batch_size
1-D tensor of per-example sampled softmax losses.
ValueError
: If num_sampled <= num_resampled
.
© 2018 The TensorFlow Authors. All rights reserved.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0.
Code samples licensed under the Apache 2.0 License.
https://www.tensorflow.org/api_docs/python/tf/contrib/nn/rank_sampled_softmax_loss