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get_the_post_thumbnail( int|WP_Post $post = null, string|array $size = 'post-thumbnail', string|array $attr = '' )

Retrieve the post thumbnail.

Description

When a theme adds ‘post-thumbnail’ support, a special ‘post-thumbnail’ image size is registered, which differs from the ‘thumbnail’ image size managed via the Settings > Media screen.

When using the_post_thumbnail() or related functions, the ‘post-thumbnail’ image size is used by default, though a different size can be specified instead as needed.

Parameters

$post

(int|WP_Post) (Optional) Post ID or WP_Post object. Default is global $post.

Default value: null

$size

(string|array) (Optional) Image size to use. Accepts any valid image size, or an array of width and height values in pixels (in that order).

Default value: 'post-thumbnail'

$attr

(string|array) (Optional) Query string or array of attributes.

Default value: ''

Return

(string) The post thumbnail image tag.

Source

File: wp-includes/post-thumbnail-template.php

function get_the_post_thumbnail( $post = null, $size = 'post-thumbnail', $attr = '' ) {
	$post = get_post( $post );
	if ( ! $post ) {
		return '';
	}
	$post_thumbnail_id = get_post_thumbnail_id( $post );

	/**
	 * Filters the post thumbnail size.
	 *
	 * @since 2.9.0
	 * @since 4.9.0 Added the `$post_id` parameter.
	 *
	 * @param string|array $size    The post thumbnail size. Image size or array of width and height
	 *                              values (in that order). Default 'post-thumbnail'.
	 * @param int          $post_id The post ID.
	 */
	$size = apply_filters( 'post_thumbnail_size', $size, $post->ID );

	if ( $post_thumbnail_id ) {

		/**
		 * Fires before fetching the post thumbnail HTML.
		 *
		 * Provides "just in time" filtering of all filters in wp_get_attachment_image().
		 *
		 * @since 2.9.0
		 *
		 * @param int          $post_id           The post ID.
		 * @param string       $post_thumbnail_id The post thumbnail ID.
		 * @param string|array $size              The post thumbnail size. Image size or array of width
		 *                                        and height values (in that order). Default 'post-thumbnail'.
		 */
		do_action( 'begin_fetch_post_thumbnail_html', $post->ID, $post_thumbnail_id, $size );
		if ( in_the_loop() ) {
			update_post_thumbnail_cache();
		}
		$html = wp_get_attachment_image( $post_thumbnail_id, $size, false, $attr );

		/**
		 * Fires after fetching the post thumbnail HTML.
		 *
		 * @since 2.9.0
		 *
		 * @param int          $post_id           The post ID.
		 * @param string       $post_thumbnail_id The post thumbnail ID.
		 * @param string|array $size              The post thumbnail size. Image size or array of width
		 *                                        and height values (in that order). Default 'post-thumbnail'.
		 */
		do_action( 'end_fetch_post_thumbnail_html', $post->ID, $post_thumbnail_id, $size );

	} else {
		$html = '';
	}
	/**
	 * Filters the post thumbnail HTML.
	 *
	 * @since 2.9.0
	 *
	 * @param string       $html              The post thumbnail HTML.
	 * @param int          $post_id           The post ID.
	 * @param string       $post_thumbnail_id The post thumbnail ID.
	 * @param string|array $size              The post thumbnail size. Image size or array of width and height
	 *                                        values (in that order). Default 'post-thumbnail'.
	 * @param string       $attr              Query string of attributes.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'post_thumbnail_html', $html, $post->ID, $post_thumbnail_id, $size, $attr );
}

Changelog

Version Description
4.4.0 $post can be a post ID or WP_Post object.
2.9.0 Introduced.

More Information

If the required add_theme_support( 'post-thumbnails' ); in the current theme’s functions.php file is attached to a hook, it must be must be called before the init hook is fired. The init hook may be too late for some features. If attached to a hook, it must be after_setup_theme.

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Licensed under the GNU GPLv2+ License.
https://developer.wordpress.org/reference/functions/get_the_post_thumbnail