class final

Subscribe and listen to Web Push Notifications through Angular Service Worker.

class SwPush {
  messages: Observable<object>
  notificationClicks: Observable<{...}
  subscription: Observable<PushSubscription | null>
  isEnabled: boolean
  requestSubscription(options: { serverPublicKey: string; }): Promise<PushSubscription>
  unsubscribe(): Promise<void>

See also

Provided in


Property Description
messages: Observable<object> Read-Only

Emits the payloads of the received push notification messages.

notificationClicks: Observable<{ action: string; notification: NotificationOptions & { title: string; }; }> Read-Only

Emits the payloads of the received push notification messages as well as the action the user interacted with. If no action was used the action property contains an empty string ''.

Note that the notification property does not contain a Notification object but rather a NotificationOptions object that also includes the title of the Notification object.

subscription: Observable<PushSubscription | null> Read-Only

Emits the currently active PushSubscription associated to the Service Worker registration or null if there is no subscription.

isEnabled: boolean Read-Only

True if the Service Worker is enabled (supported by the browser and enabled via ServiceWorkerModule).


Subscribes to Web Push Notifications, after requesting and receiving user permission.

requestSubscription(options: { serverPublicKey: string; }): Promise<PushSubscription>

options object

An object containing the serverPublicKey string.


Promise<PushSubscription>: A Promise that resolves to the new subscription object.

Unsubscribes from Service Worker push notifications.

unsubscribe(): Promise<void>


There are no parameters.


Promise<void>: A Promise that is resolved when the operation succeeds, or is rejected if there is no active subscription or the unsubscribe operation fails.

Usage notes

You can inject a SwPush instance into any component or service as a dependency.

import {SwPush} from '@angular/service-worker';
/* . . . */
export class AppComponent {
  constructor(readonly swPush: SwPush) {}
  /* . . . */

To subscribe, call SwPush.requestSubscription(), which asks the user for permission. The call returns a Promise with a new PushSubscription instance.

private async subscribeToPush() {
  try {
    const sub = await this.swPush.requestSubscription({
      serverPublicKey: PUBLIC_VAPID_KEY_OF_SERVER,
    // TODO: Send to server.
  } catch (err) {
    console.error('Could not subscribe due to:', err);

A request is rejected if the user denies permission, or if the browser blocks or does not support the Push API or ServiceWorkers. Check SwPush.isEnabled to confirm status.

Invoke Push Notifications by pushing a message with the following payload.

  "notification": {
    "actions": NotificationAction[],
    "badge": USVString,
    "body": DOMString,
    "data": any,
    "dir": "auto"|"ltr"|"rtl",
    "icon": USVString,
    "image": USVString,
    "lang": DOMString,
    "renotify": boolean,
    "requireInteraction": boolean,
    "silent": boolean,
    "tag": DOMString,
    "timestamp": DOMTimeStamp,
    "title": DOMString,
    "vibrate": number[]

Only title is required. See Notification instance properties.

While the subscription is active, Service Worker listens for PushEvent occurrences and creates Notification instances in response.

Unsubscribe using SwPush.unsubscribe().

An application can subscribe to SwPush.notificationClicks observable to be notified when a user clicks on a notification. For example:

    ({action, notification}) => {
        // TODO: Do something in response to notification click.

You can read more on handling notification clicks in the Service worker notifications guide.

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.