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Reusable animations

This topic provides some examples of how to create reusable animations.

Prerequisites

Before continuing with this topic, you should be familiar with the following:

Creating reusable animations

To create a reusable animation, use the animation() function to define an animation in a separate .ts file and declare this animation definition as a const export variable. You can then import and reuse this animation in any of your application components using the useAnimation() function.

import { animation, style, animate, trigger, transition, useAnimation } from '@angular/animations';

export const transitionAnimation = animation([
  style({
    height: '{{ height }}',
    opacity: '{{ opacity }}',
    backgroundColor: '{{ backgroundColor }}'
  }),
  animate('{{ time }}')
]);

In the preceding code snippet, transitionAnimation is made reusable by declaring it as an export variable.

Note: The height, opacity, backgroundColor, and time inputs are replaced during runtime.

You can also export a part of an animation. For example, the following snippet exports the animation trigger.

import { animation, style, animate, trigger, transition, useAnimation } from '@angular/animations';
export const triggerAnimation = trigger('openClose', [
  transition('open => closed', [
    useAnimation(transitionAnimation, {
      params: {
        height: 0,
        opacity: 1,
        backgroundColor: 'red',
        time: '1s'
      }
    })
  ])
]);

From this point, you can import reusable animation variables in your component class. For example, the following code snippet imports the transitionAnimation variable and uses it via the useAnimation() function.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { transition, trigger, useAnimation } from '@angular/animations';
import { transitionAnimation } from './animations';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-open-close-reusable',
  animations: [
    trigger('openClose', [
      transition('open => closed', [
        useAnimation(transitionAnimation, {
          params: {
            height: 0,
            opacity: 1,
            backgroundColor: 'red',
            time: '1s'
          }
        })
      ])
    ])
  ],
  templateUrl: 'open-close.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['open-close.component.css']
})

More on Angular animations

You might also be interested in the following:

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
https://angular.io/guide/reusable-animations