fgetwc, getwc

Defined in header <wchar.h>
wint_t fgetwc( FILE *stream );
(since C95)
wint_t getwc( FILE *stream );
(since C95)

Reads the next wide character from the given input stream. getwc() may be implemented as a macro and may evaluate stream more than once.


stream - to read the wide character from

Return value

The next wide character from the stream or WEOF on failure.

If the failure has been caused by end-of-file condition, additionally sets the eof indicator (see feof()) on stream. If the failure has been caused by some other error, sets the error indicator (see ferror()) on stream.

If an encoding error occurred, additionally sets errno to EILSEQ.


#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <wchar.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <locale.h>
int main(void)
    setlocale(LC_ALL, "en_US.utf8");
    FILE *fp = fopen("fgetwc.dat", "w");
    if(!fp) {
        perror("Can't open file for writing");
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    fputs("кошка\n", fp);
    fp = fopen("fgetwc.dat", "r");
    if(!fp) {
        perror("Can't open file for reading");
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    wint_t wc;
    errno = 0;
    while ((wc = fgetwc(fp)) != WEOF)
    if (ferror(fp)) {
        if (errno == EILSEQ)
            puts("Character encoding error while reading.");
            puts("I/O error when reading");
    } else if (feof(fp))
        puts("End of file reached successfully");




  • C17 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2018):
    • The fgetwc function (p: 307-308)
    • The getwc function (p: 309)
  • C11 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2011):
    • The fgetwc function (p: 421-422)
    • The getwc function (p: 424)
  • C99 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999):
    • The fgetwc function (p: 367)
    • The getwc function (p: 369)

See also

gets a character from a file stream
gets a wide string from a file stream
writes a wide character to a file stream
puts a wide character back into a file stream
C++ documentation for fgetwc

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