Defined in header <system_error>
const std::error_category& system_category() noexcept;
(since C++11)

Obtains a reference to the static error category object for errors reported by the operating system. The object is required to override the virtual function std::error_category::name() to return a pointer to the string "system". It is also required to override the virtual function std::error_category::default_error_condition() to map the error codes that match POSIX errno values to std::generic_category.



Return value

A reference to the static object of unspecified runtime type, derived from std::error_category.


#include <iostream>
#include <system_error>
#include <iomanip>
#include <string>
int main()
    std::error_condition econd = std::system_category().default_error_condition(EDOM);
    std::cout << "Category: " << econd.category().name() << '\n'
              << "Value: " << econd.value() << '\n'
              << "Message: " << econd.message() << '\n';
    econd = std::system_category().default_error_condition(10001);
    std::cout << "Category: " << econd.category().name() << '\n'
              << "Value: " << econd.value() << '\n'
              << "Message: " << econd.message() << '\n';

Possible output:

Category: generic
Value: 33
Message: Numerical argument out of domain
Category: system
Value: 10001
Message: Unknown error 10001

See also

identifies the generic error category
the std::error_condition enumeration listing all standard <cerrno> macro constants

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