Defined in header <future>
class future_error;
(since C++11)

The class std::future_error defines an exception object that is thrown on failure by the functions in the thread library that deal with asynchronous execution and shared states (std::future, std::promise, etc). Similar to std::system_error, this exception carries an error code compatible with std::error_code.

cpp/error/exception cpp/error/logic errorstd-future error-inheritance.svg

Inheritance diagram.

Member functions

creates a std::future_error object
(public member function)
replaces the std::future_error object
(public member function)
returns the error code
(public member function)
returns the explanatory string specific to the error code
(public member function)

Inherited from std::logic_error

Inherited from std::exception

Member functions

destroys the exception object
(virtual public member function of std::exception)
returns an explanatory string
(virtual public member function of std::exception)


#include <future>
#include <iostream>
int main()
    std::future<int> empty;
    try {
        int n = empty.get(); // The behavior is undefined, but
                             // some implementations throw std::future_error
    } catch (const std::future_error& e) {
        std::cout << "Caught a future_error with code \"" << e.code()
                  << "\"\nMessage: \"" << e.what() << "\"\n";

Possible output:

Caught a future_error with code "future:3"
Message: "No associated state"

See also

identifies the future error codes

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