Defined in header <future>
enum class future_errc {
    broken_promise             = /* implementation-defined */,
    future_already_retrieved   = /* implementation-defined */,
    promise_already_satisfied  = /* implementation-defined */,
    no_state                   = /* implementation-defined */
(since C++11)

The scoped enumeration std::future_errc defines the error codes reported by std::future and related classes in std::future_error exception objects. Only four error codes are required, although the implementation may define additional error codes. Because the appropriate specialization of std::is_error_code_enum is provided, values of type std::future_errc are implicitly convertible to std::error_code.

All error codes are distinct and non-zero.

Member constants

Constant Explanation
broken_promise the asynchronous task abandoned its shared state
future_already_retrieved the contents of shared state were already accessed through std::future
promise_already_satisfied attempt to store a value in the shared state twice
no_state attempt to access std::promise or std::future without an associated shared state

Non-member functions

constructs a future error code
constructs a future error_condition

Helper classes

extends the type trait std::is_error_code_enum to identify future error codes
(class template)


Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 2056 C++11 broken_promise was specified to be zero which is conventionally used to mean "no error" specified to be non-zero

See also

holds a platform-dependent error code
holds a portable error code

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