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border-image

The border-image CSS property draws an image around a given element. It replaces the element's regular border.

Note: You should specify a separate border-style in case the border image fails to load. Indeed, this is required according to the specification, although not all browsers implement this requirement.

Constituent properties

This property is a shorthand for the following CSS properties:

Syntax

/* source | slice */
border-image: linear-gradient(red, blue) 27;

/* source | slice | repeat */
border-image: url("/images/border.png") 27 space;

/* source | slice | width */
border-image: linear-gradient(red, blue) 27 / 35px;

/* source | slice | width | outset | repeat */
border-image: url("/images/border.png") 27 23 / 50px 30px / 1rem round space;

The border-image property may be specified with anywhere from one to five of the values listed below.

Note: If the computed value of border-image-source is none, or if the image cannot be displayed, the border-style will be displayed instead.

Values

<'border-image-source'>
The source image. See border-image-source.
<'border-image-slice'>
The dimensions for slicing the source image into regions. Up to four values may be specified. See border-image-slice.
<'border-image-width'>
The width of the border image. Up to four values may be specified. See border-image-width.
<'border-image-outset'>
The distance of the border image from the element's outside edge. Up to four values may be specified. See border-image-outset.
<'border-image-repeat'>
Defines how the edge regions of the source image are adjusted to fit the dimensions of the border image. Up to two values may be specified. See border-image-repeat.

Accessibility concerns

Assistive technology cannot parse border images. If the image contains information critical to understanding the page's overall purpose, it is better to describe it semantically in the document.

Formal definition

Initial value as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Applies to all elements, except internal table elements when border-collapse is collapse. It also applies to ::first-letter.
Inherited no
Percentages as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Computed value as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Animation type discrete

Formal syntax

<'border-image-source'> || <'border-image-slice'> [ / <'border-image-width'> | / <'border-image-width'>? / <'border-image-outset'> ]? || <'border-image-repeat'>

Examples

Bitmap

In this example, we will apply a diamond pattern to an element's borders. The source for the border image is a ".png" file of 81 by 81 pixels, with three diamonds going vertically and horizontally:

an example borderimage

HTML

<div id="bitmap">This element is surrounded by a bitmap-based border image!</div>

CSS

To match the size of a single diamond, we will use a value of 81 divided by 3, or 27, for slicing the image into corner and edge regions. To center the border image on the edge of the element's background, we will make the outset values equal to half of the width values. Finally, a repeat value of round will make the border slices fit evenly, i.e., without clipping or gaps.

#bitmap {
  width: 200px;
  background-color: #ffa;
  border: 36px solid orange;
  margin: 30px;
  padding: 10px;

  border-image:
      url("https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/4127/border.png")  /* source */
      27 /                    /* slice */
      36px 28px 18px 8px /    /* width */
      18px 14px 9px 4px       /* outset */
      round;                  /* repeat */
}

Result

Gradient

HTML

<div id="gradient">This element is surrounded by a gradient-based border image!</div>

CSS

#gradient {
  width: 200px;
  border: 30px solid;
  border-image: repeating-linear-gradient(45deg, #f33, #3bf, #f33 30px) 60;
  padding: 20px;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Backgrounds and Borders Module Level 3
The definition of 'border-image' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition
Initial value as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Applies to all elements, except internal table elements when border-collapse is collapse. It also applies to ::first-letter.
Inherited no
Percentages as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Computed value as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Animation type discrete

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
border-image 16
16
7
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
12
12
12
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
15
15
Small SVGs are incorrectly stretched, because percentages in border-image-slice are computed to integers instead of floats (bug 1284797).
Until Firefox 47, SVGs without viewport were not sliced correctly (bug 619500).
From Firefox 48 until Firefox 49, SVGs without viewport are displayed the same as SVGs with viewport, but if the slices are not exactly 50%, they are incorrectly stretched (bug 1264809).
Until Firefox 57, an issue persisted for SVGs without viewport when e10s was disabled (bug 1290782).
3.5
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
An earlier version of the specification was implemented, prefixed, in Firefox versions prior to 15.
44
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
11 11
11
10.5 — 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -o-
6
6
3
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
fill 16 12 15 11 15 6
<gradient> 7 12 29 11 15 4
optional <border-image-slice> 16 12 15 11 15 6
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
border-image ≤37
≤37
2
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
18
18
18
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
15
15
Small SVGs are incorrectly stretched, because percentages in border-image-slice are computed to integers instead of floats (bug 1284797).
Until Firefox 47, SVGs without viewport were not sliced correctly (bug 619500).
From Firefox 48 until Firefox 49, SVGs without viewport are displayed the same as SVGs with viewport, but if the slices are not exactly 50%, they are incorrectly stretched (bug 1264809).
Until Firefox 57, an issue persisted for SVGs without viewport when e10s was disabled (bug 1290782).
4
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
An earlier version of the specification was implemented, prefixed, in Firefox versions prior to 15.
44
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
11
11
11 — 14
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -o-
6
6
3.2
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
1.0
1.0
1.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
fill ≤37 18 15 14 6 1.0
<gradient> ≤37 18 29 14 3.2 1.0
optional <border-image-slice> ≤37 18 15 14 6 1.0

See also

© 2005–2020 Mozilla and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/CSS/border-image