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border-image-width

The border-image-width CSS property sets the width of an element's border image.

If this property's value is greater than the element's border-width, the border image will extend beyond the padding (and/or content) edge.

Syntax

/* Keyword value */
border-image-width: auto;

/* <length> value */
border-image-width: 1rem;

/* <percentage> value */
border-image-width: 25%;

/* <number> value */
border-image-width: 3;

/* vertical | horizontal */
border-image-width: 2em 3em;

/* top | horizontal | bottom */
border-image-width: 5% 15% 10%;

/* top | right | bottom | left */
border-image-width: 5% 2em 10% auto;

/* Global values */
border-image-width: inherit;
border-image-width: initial;
border-image-width: unset;

The border-image-width property may be specified using one, two, three, or four values chosen from the list of values below.

  • When one value is specified, it applies the same width to all four sides.
  • When two values are specified, the first width applies to the top and bottom, the second to the left and right.
  • When three values are specified, the first width applies to the top, the second to the left and right, the third to the bottom.
  • When four values are specified, the widths apply to the top, right, bottom, and left in that order (clockwise).

Values

<length-percentage>
The width of the border, specified as a <length> or a <percentage>. Percentages are relative to the width of the border image area for horizontal offsets and the height of the border image area for vertical offsets. Must not be negative.
<number>
The width of the border, specified as a multiple of the corresponding border-width. Must not be negative.
auto
The width of the border is made equal to the intrinsic width or height (whichever is applicable) of the corresponding border-image-slice. If the image does not have the required intrinsic dimension, the corresponding border-width is used instead.

Formal definition

Initial value 1
Applies to all elements, except internal table elements when border-collapse is collapse. It also applies to ::first-letter.
Inherited no
Percentages refer to the width or height of the border image area
Computed value as specified, but with relative lengths converted into absolute lengths
Animation type by computed value type

Formal syntax

[ <length-percentage> | <number> | auto ]{1,4}

where
<length-percentage> = <length> | <percentage>

Examples

Tiling a border image

This example creates a border image using the following ".png" file, which is 90 by 90 pixels:

Thus, each circle in the source image is 30 by 30 pixels.

HTML

<p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy
   eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua.
   At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren,
   no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.</p>

CSS

p {
  border: 20px solid;
  border-image: url("https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/10470/border.png") 30 round;
  border-image-width: 16px;
  padding: 40px;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Backgrounds and Borders Module Level 3
The definition of 'border-image-width' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
border-image-width 15 12 13 11 15 6
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
border-image-width ≤37 18 14 14 6 1.0

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/CSS/border-image-width