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color

The color CSS property sets the foreground color value of an element's text and text decorations, and sets the currentcolor value. currentcolor may be used as an indirect value on other properties and is the default for other color properties, such as border-color.

For an overview of using color in HTML, see Applying color to HTML elements using CSS.

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
color: currentcolor;

/* <named-color> values */
color: red;
color: orange;
color: tan;
color: rebeccapurple;

/* <hex-color> values */
color: #090;
color: #009900;
color: #090a;
color: #009900aa;

/* <rgb()> values */
color: rgb(34, 12, 64, 0.6);
color: rgba(34, 12, 64, 0.6);
color: rgb(34 12 64 / 0.6);
color: rgba(34 12 64 / 0.3);
color: rgb(34.0 12 64 / 60%);
color: rgba(34.6 12 64 / 30%);

/* <hsl()> values */
color: hsl(30, 100%, 50%, 0.6);
color: hsla(30, 100%, 50%, 0.6);
color: hsl(30 100% 50% / 0.6);
color: hsla(30 100% 50% / 0.6);
color: hsl(30.0 100% 50% / 60%);
color: hsla(30.2 100% 50% / 60%);

/* Global values */
color: inherit;
color: initial;
color: unset;

The color property is specified as a single <color> value.

Note that the value must be a uniform color. It can't be a <gradient>, which is actually a type of <image>.

Values

<color>
Sets the color of the textual and decorative parts of the element.

Accessibility concerns

It is important to ensure that the contrast ratio between the color of the text and the background the text is placed over is high enough that people experiencing low vision conditions will be able to read the content of the page.

Color contrast ratio is determined by comparing the luminosity of the text and background color values. In order to meet current Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), a ratio of 4.5:1 is required for text content and 3:1 for larger text such as headings. Large text is defined as 18.66px and bold or larger, or 24px or larger.

Formal definition

Initial value Varies from one browser to another
Applies to all elements. It also applies to ::first-letter and ::first-line.
Inherited yes
Computed value If the value is translucent, the computed value will be the rgba() corresponding one. If it isn't, it will be the rgb() corresponding one. The transparent keyword maps to rgba(0,0,0,0).
Animation type a color

Formal syntax

<color>

where
<color> = <rgb()> | <rgba()> | <hsl()> | <hsla()> | <hex-color> | <named-color> | currentcolor | <deprecated-system-color>

where
<rgb()> = rgb( <percentage>{3} [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | rgb( <number>{3} [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | rgb( <percentage>#{3} , <alpha-value>? ) | rgb( <number>#{3} , <alpha-value>? )
<rgba()> = rgba( <percentage>{3} [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | rgba( <number>{3} [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | rgba( <percentage>#{3} , <alpha-value>? ) | rgba( <number>#{3} , <alpha-value>? )
<hsl()> = hsl( <hue> <percentage> <percentage> [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | hsl( <hue>, <percentage>, <percentage>, <alpha-value>? )
<hsla()> = hsla( <hue> <percentage> <percentage> [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | hsla( <hue>, <percentage>, <percentage>, <alpha-value>? )

where
<alpha-value> = <number> | <percentage>
<hue> = <number> | <angle>

Examples

Making text red

The following are all ways to make a paragraph's text red:

p { color: red; }
p { color: #f00; }
p { color: #ff0000; }
p { color: rgb(255,0,0); }
p { color: rgb(100%, 0%, 0%); }
p { color: hsl(0, 100%, 50%); }

/* 50% translucent */
p { color: #ff000080; }
p { color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.5); } 
p { color: hsla(0, 100%, 50%, 0.5); }

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Color Module Level 4
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Working Draft Adds commaless syntaxes for the rgb(), rgba(), hsl(), and hsla() functions. Allows alpha values in rgb() and hsl(), turning rgba() and hsla() into (deprecated) aliases for them.
Adds color keyword rebeccapurple.
Adds 4- and 8-digit hex color values, where the last digit(s) represents the alpha value.
Adds hwb(), device-cmyk(), and color() functions.
CSS Color Module Level 3
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Deprecates system-colors. Adds SVG colors. Adds the rgba(), hsl(), and hsla() functions.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Adds the orange color and the system colors.
CSS Level 1
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
color 1 12 1 3 3.5 1
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
color 1 18 4 10.1 1 1.0

See also

© 2005–2020 Mozilla and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/CSS/color