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grid-template-areas

The grid-template-areas CSS property specifies named grid areas, establishing the cells in the grid and assigning them names.

Those areas are not associated with any particular grid item, but can be referenced from the grid-placement properties grid-row-start, grid-row-end, grid-column-start, grid-column-end, and their shorthands grid-row, grid-column, and grid-area.

Syntax

/* Keyword value */
grid-template-areas: none;

/* <string> values */
grid-template-areas: "a b";
grid-template-areas: "a b b"
                     "a c d";

/* Global values */
grid-template-areas: inherit;
grid-template-areas: initial;
grid-template-areas: unset;

Values

none
The grid container doesn’t define any named grid areas.
<string>+
A row is created for every separate string listed, and a column is created for each cell in the string. Multiple named cell tokens within and between rows create a single named grid area that spans the corresponding grid cells. Unless those cells form a rectangle, the declaration is invalid.

Formal definition

Initial value none
Applies to grid containers
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animation type discrete

Formal syntax

none | <string>+

Examples

Specifying named grid areas

HTML

<section id="page">
  <header>Header</header>
  <nav>Navigation</nav>
  <main>Main area</main>
  <footer>Footer</footer>
</section>

CSS

#page {
  display: grid;
  width: 100%;
  height: 250px;
  grid-template-areas: "head head"
                       "nav  main"
                       "nav  foot";
  grid-template-rows: 50px 1fr 30px;
  grid-template-columns: 150px 1fr;
}

#page > header {
  grid-area: head;
  background-color: #8ca0ff;
}

#page > nav {
  grid-area: nav;
  background-color: #ffa08c;
}

#page > main {
  grid-area: main;
  background-color: #ffff64;
}

#page > footer {
  grid-area: foot;
  background-color: #8cffa0;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Grid Layout
The definition of 'grid-template-areas' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
grid-template-areas 57
57
29
Disabled
Disabled From version 29: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
16 52
52
40 — 59
Disabled
Disabled From version 40 until version 59 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.grid.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No 44
44
28
Disabled
Disabled From version 28: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.
10.1
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
grid-template-areas 57 57
57
29
Disabled
Disabled From version 29: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
52
52
40 — 59
Disabled
Disabled From version 40 until version 59 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.grid.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
43
43
28
Disabled
Disabled From version 28: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.
10.3 6.0

See also

© 2005–2020 Mozilla and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/CSS/grid-template-areas