The grid-template CSS property is a shorthand property for defining grid columns, grid rows, and grid areas.

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Constituent properties

This property is a shorthand for the following CSS properties:


/* Keyword value */
grid-template: none;

/* grid-template-rows / grid-template-columns values */
grid-template: 100px 1fr / 50px 1fr;
grid-template: auto 1fr / auto 1fr auto;
grid-template: [linename] 100px / [columnname1] 30% [columnname2] 70%;
grid-template: fit-content(100px) / fit-content(40%);

/* grid-template-areas grid-template-rows / grid-template-column values */
  "a a a"
  "b b b";
  "a a a" 20%
  "b b b" auto;
  [header-top] "a a a" [header-bottom]
  [main-top] "b b b" 1fr [main-bottom]
  / auto 1fr auto;

/* Global values */
grid-template: inherit;
grid-template: initial;
grid-template: revert;
grid-template: revert-layer;
grid-template: unset;



Is a keyword that sets all three longhand properties to none, meaning there is no explicit grid. There are no named grid areas. Rows and columns will be implicitly generated; their size will be determined by the grid-auto-rows and grid-auto-columns properties.

<'grid-template-rows'> / <'grid-template-columns'>

Sets grid-template-rows and grid-template-columns to the specified values, and sets grid-template-areas to none.

[ <line-names>? <string> <track-size>? <line-names>? ]+ [ / <explicit-track-list> ]?

Sets grid-template-areas to the strings listed, grid-template-rows to the track sizes following each string (filling in auto for any missing sizes), and splicing in the named lines defined before/after each size, and grid-template-columns to the track listing specified after the slash (or none, if not specified).

Note: The repeat() function isn't allowed in these track listings, as the tracks are intended to visually line up one-to-one with the rows/columns in the "ASCII art".

Note: The grid shorthand accepts the same syntax, but also resets the implicit grid properties to their initial values. Use grid (as opposed to grid-template) to prevent these values from cascading in separately.

Formal definition

Initial value as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Applies to grid containers
Inherited no
Percentages as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Computed value as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Animation type discrete

Formal syntax

grid-template = 
none |
[ <'grid-template-rows'> / <'grid-template-columns'> ] |
[ <line-names>? <string> <track-size>? <line-names>? ]+ [ / <explicit-track-list> ]?

<line-names> =
'[' <custom-ident>* ']'

<track-size> =
<track-breadth> |
minmax( <inflexible-breadth> , <track-breadth> ) |
fit-content( <length-percentage> )

<explicit-track-list> =
[ <line-names>? <track-size> ]+ <line-names>?

<track-breadth> =
<length-percentage> |
<flex> |
min-content |
max-content |

<inflexible-breadth> =
<length-percentage> |
min-content |
max-content |

<length-percentage> =
<length> |


Defining a grid template


#page {
  display: grid;
  width: 100%;
  height: 200px;
    [header-left] "head head" 30px [header-right]
    [main-left] "nav  main" 1fr [main-right]
    [footer-left] "nav  foot" 30px [footer-right]
    / 120px 1fr;

header {
  background-color: lime;
  grid-area: head;

nav {
  background-color: lightblue;
  grid-area: nav;

main {
  background-color: yellow;
  grid-area: main;

footer {
  background-color: red;
  grid-area: foot;


<section id="page">
  <main>Main area</main>



Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet
grid-template 57 16 52 No 44 10.1 57 57 52 43 10.3 6.0

See also

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