The text-emphasis CSS property applies emphasis marks to text (except spaces and control characters). It is a shorthand for text-emphasis-style and text-emphasis-color.

Try it

The text-emphasis property is quite different from text-decoration. The text-decoration property does not inherit, and the decoration specified is applied across the whole element. However, text-emphasis does inherit, which means it is possible to change emphasis marks for descendants.

The size of the emphasis symbol, like ruby symbols, is about 50% of the size of the font, and text-emphasis may affect line height when the current leading is not enough for the marks.

Note: text-emphasis doesn't reset the value of text-emphasis-position. This is because if the style and the color of emphasis marks may vary in a text, it is extremely unlikely that their position will. In the very rare cases when this is needed, use the property text-emphasis-position.

Constituent properties

This property is a shorthand for the following CSS properties:


/* Initial value */
text-emphasis: none; /* No emphasis marks */

/* <string> value */
text-emphasis: "x";
text-emphasis: "点";
text-emphasis: "\25B2";
text-emphasis: "*" #555;
text-emphasis: "foo"; /* Should NOT use. It may be computed to or rendered as 'f' only */

/* Keywords value */
text-emphasis: filled;
text-emphasis: open;
text-emphasis: filled sesame;
text-emphasis: open sesame;

/* Keywords value combined with a color */
text-emphasis: filled sesame #555;

/* Global values */
text-emphasis: inherit;
text-emphasis: initial;
text-emphasis: revert;
text-emphasis: revert-layer;
text-emphasis: unset;



No emphasis marks.


The shape is filled with solid color. If neither filled nor open is present, this is the default.


The shape is hollow.


Display small circles as marks. The filled dot is '•' (U+2022), and the open dot is '◦' (U+25E6).


Display large circles as marks. The filled circle is '●' (U+25CF), and the open circle is '○' (U+25CB). This is the default shape in horizontal writing modes when no other shape is given.


Display double circles as marks. The filled double-circle is '◉' (U+25C9), and the open double-circle is '◎' (U+25CE).


Display triangles as marks. The filled triangle is '▲' (U+25B2), and the open triangle is '△' (U+25B3).


Display sesames as marks. The filled sesame is '﹅' (U+FE45), and the open sesame is '﹆' (U+FE46). This is the default shape in vertical writing modes when no other shape is given.


Display the given string as marks. Authors should not specify more than one character in <string>. The UA may truncate or ignore strings consisting of more than one grapheme cluster.


Defines the color of the mark. If no color is present, it defaults to currentcolor.

Formal definition

Initial value as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Applies to all elements
Inherited no
Computed value as each of the properties of the shorthand:
Animation type as each of the properties of the shorthand:

Formal syntax

text-emphasis = 
<'text-emphasis-style'> ||


A heading with emphasis shape and color

This example draws a heading with triangles used to emphasize each character.


h2 {
  text-emphasis: triangle #d55;


<h2>This is important!</h2>



Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet
text-emphasis 9925 9979 46 No 15 77 4.4 9925 46 14 77 18.01.5

See also

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