Signals and Slots are an implementation of the Observer Pattern. Essentially, when a Signal is emitted, a list of connected Observers (called slots) are called.

There have been several D implementations of Signals and Slots. This version makes use of several new features in D, which make using it simpler and less error prone. In particular, it is no longer necessary to instrument the slots.

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Slots can only be delegates formed from class objects or interfaces to class objects. If a delegate to something else is passed to connect(), such as a struct member function, a nested function or a COM interface, undefined behavior will result. Not safe for multiple threads operating on the same signals or slots.
Boost License 1.0.
Walter Bright
template Signal(T1...)

Mixin to create a signal within a class object.

Different signals can be added to a class by naming the mixins.

import std.signals;

int observedMessageCounter = 0;

class Observer
{   // our slot
    void watch(string msg, int value)
        switch (observedMessageCounter++)
            case 0:
                writeln(msg); // "setting new value"
                writeln(value); // 4
            case 1:
                writeln(msg); // "setting new value"
                writeln(value); // 6
                assert(0, "Unknown observation");

class Observer2
{   // our slot
    void watch(string msg, int value)

class Foo
    int value() { return _value; }

    int value(int v)
        if (v != _value)
        {   _value = v;
            // call all the connected slots with the two parameters
            emit("setting new value", v);
        return v;

    // Mix in all the code we need to make Foo into a signal
    mixin Signal!(string, int);

  private :
    int _value;

Foo a = new Foo;
Observer o = new Observer;
auto o2 = new Observer2;
auto o3 = new Observer2;
auto o4 = new Observer2;
auto o5 = new Observer2;

a.value = 3;                // should not call o.watch()
a.connect(&o.watch);        // o.watch is the slot
a.value = 4;                // should call o.watch()
a.disconnect(&o.watch);     // o.watch is no longer a slot
a.value = 5;                // so should not call o.watch()
a.connect(&o.watch);        // connect again
a.value = 6;                // should call o.watch()
destroy(o);                 // destroying o should automatically disconnect it
a.value = 7;                // should not call o.watch()

writeln(observedMessageCounter); // 2
alias slot_t = void delegate(T1);

A slot is implemented as a delegate. The slot_t is the type of the delegate. The delegate must be to an instance of a class or an interface to a class instance. Delegates to struct instances or nested functions must not be used as slots.

final void emit(T1 i);

Call each of the connected slots, passing the argument(s) i to them. Nested call will be ignored.

final void connect(slot_t slot);

Add a slot to the list of slots to be called when emit() is called.

final void disconnect(slot_t slot);

Remove a slot from the list of slots to be called when emit() is called.

final void disconnectAll();

Disconnect all the slots.

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Licensed under the Boost License 1.0.