/Docker 19

docker volume create


Create a volume

API 1.21+ The client and daemon API must both be at least 1.21 to use this command. Use the docker version command on the client to check your client and daemon API versions.


docker volume create [OPTIONS] [VOLUME]


Name, shorthand Default Description
--driver , -d local Specify volume driver name
--label Set metadata for a volume
--name Specify volume name
--opt , -o Set driver specific options

Parent command

Command Description
docker volume Manage volumes
Command Description
docker volume create Create a volume
docker volume inspect Display detailed information on one or more volumes
docker volume ls List volumes
docker volume prune Remove all unused local volumes
docker volume rm Remove one or more volumes

Extended description

Creates a new volume that containers can consume and store data in. If a name is not specified, Docker generates a random name.


Create a volume and then configure the container to use it:

$ docker volume create hello


$ docker run -d -v hello:/world busybox ls /world

The mount is created inside the container’s /world directory. Docker does not support relative paths for mount points inside the container.

Multiple containers can use the same volume in the same time period. This is useful if two containers need access to shared data. For example, if one container writes and the other reads the data.

Volume names must be unique among drivers. This means you cannot use the same volume name with two different drivers. If you attempt this docker returns an error:

A volume named  "hello"  already exists with the "some-other" driver. Choose a different volume name.

If you specify a volume name already in use on the current driver, Docker assumes you want to re-use the existing volume and does not return an error.

Driver-specific options

Some volume drivers may take options to customize the volume creation. Use the -o or --opt flags to pass driver options:

$ docker volume create --driver fake \
    --opt tardis=blue \
    --opt timey=wimey \

These options are passed directly to the volume driver. Options for different volume drivers may do different things (or nothing at all).

The built-in local driver on Windows does not support any options.

The built-in local driver on Linux accepts options similar to the linux mount command. You can provide multiple options by passing the --opt flag multiple times. Some mount options (such as the o option) can take a comma-separated list of options. Complete list of available mount options can be found here.

For example, the following creates a tmpfs volume called foo with a size of 100 megabyte and uid of 1000.

$ docker volume create --driver local \
    --opt type=tmpfs \
    --opt device=tmpfs \
    --opt o=size=100m,uid=1000 \

Another example that uses btrfs:

$ docker volume create --driver local \
    --opt type=btrfs \
    --opt device=/dev/sda2 \

Another example that uses nfs to mount the /path/to/dir in rw mode from

$ docker volume create --driver local \
    --opt type=nfs \
    --opt o=addr=,rw \
    --opt device=:/path/to/dir \

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