/Web APIs


The File interface provides information about files and allows JavaScript in a web page to access their content.

File objects are generally retrieved from a FileList object returned as a result of a user selecting files using the <input> element, or from a drag and drop operation's DataTransfer object.

A File object is a specific kind of Blob, and can be used in any context that a Blob can. In particular, FileReader, URL.createObjectURL(), createImageBitmap(), and XMLHttpRequest.send() accept both Blobs and Files.

See Using files from web applications for more information and examples.

Blob File



Returns a newly constructed File.

Instance properties

File.prototype.lastModified Read only

Returns the last modified time of the file, in millisecond since the UNIX epoch (January 1st, 1970 at Midnight).

File.prototype.lastModifiedDate Deprecated Read only Non-standard

Returns the last modified Date of the file referenced by the File object.

File.prototype.name Read only

Returns the name of the file referenced by the File object.

File.prototype.webkitRelativePath Read only

Returns the path the URL of the File is relative to.

File implements Blob, so it also has the following properties available to it:

File.prototype.size Read only

Returns the size of the file in bytes.

File.prototype.type Read only

Returns the MIME type of the file.

Instance methods

The File interface doesn't define any methods, but inherits methods from the Blob interface:

Blob.prototype.slice([start[, end[, contentType]]])

Returns a new Blob object containing the data in the specified range of bytes of the source Blob.


Transforms the File into a ReadableStream that can be used to read the File contents.


Transforms the File into a stream and reads it to completion. It returns a promise that resolves with a string (text).


Transforms the File into a stream and reads it to completion. It returns a promise that resolves with an ArrayBuffer.


File API
# file-section

Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet
File 38 79 28 No 25 10.1 38 38 28 25 10.3 3.0
File 13 12 7
3–7Non-standard implementation.
10 11.5 4 ≤37 18 7
4–7Non-standard implementation.
11.5 3.2 1.0
lastModified 13 18 15 No ≤15 10 ≤37 18 15 ≤14 10 1.0
lastModifiedDate 13 12 15–61 10 ≤15 7–10 ≤37 18 No ≤14 7–10 1.0
name 13 12 3.6 10 ≤15 8 ≤37 18 4 ≤14 8 1.0
type 13 12 3.6 10 ≤15 8 ≤37 18 4 ≤14 8 1.0
webkitRelativePath 13 13 50 No 15 11.1 ≤37 18 50 14 11.3 1.0

See also

© 2005–2023 MDN contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.