W3cubDocs

/HTTP

Cross-Origin Resource Policy (CORP)

Cross-Origin Resource Policy is a policy set by the Cross-Origin-Resource-Policy HTTP header that lets web sites and applications opt in to protection against certain requests from other origins (such as those issued with elements like <script> and <img>), to mitigate speculative side-channel attacks, like Spectre, as well as Cross-Site Script Inclusion attacks.

CORP is an additional layer of protection beyond the default same-origin policy. Cross-Origin Resource Policy complements Cross-Origin Read Blocking (CORB), which is a mechanism to prevent some cross-origin reads by default.

The policy is only effective for no-cors requests, which are issued by default for CORS-safelisted methods/headers.

As this policy is expressed via a response header, the actual request is not prevented—rather, the browser prevents the result from being leaked by stripping the response body.

History

The concept was originally proposed in 2012 (as From-Origin), but resurrected in Q2 of 2018 and implemented in Safari and Chromium.

In early 2018, two side-channel hardware vulnerabilities known as Meltdown and Spectre were disclosed. These vulnerabilities allowed sensitive data disclosure due to a race condition which arose as part of speculative execution functionality, designed to improve performance.

In response, Chromium shipped Cross-Origin Read Blocking, which automatically protects certain resources (of Content-Type HTML, JSON and XML) against cross-origin reads. If the application does not serve a no-sniff directive, Chromium will attempt to guess the Content-Type and apply the protection anyway.

Cross-Origin Resource Policy is an opt-in response header which can protect any resource; there is no need for browsers to sniff MIME types.

Usage

Note: Due to a bug in Chrome, setting Cross-Origin-Resource-Policy can break PDF rendering, preventing visitors from being able to read past the first page of some PDFs. Exercise caution using this header in a production environment.

Web applications set a Cross-Origin Resource Policy via the Cross-Origin-Resource-Policy HTTP response header, which accepts one of three values:

same-site

Only requests from the same Site can read the resource.

Warning: This is less secure than an origin. The algorithm for checking if two origins are same site is defined in the HTML standard and involves checking the registrable domain.

same-origin
Only requests from the same origin (i.e. scheme + host + port) can read the resource.
cross-origin
Requests from any origin (both same-site and cross-site) can read the resource.
Cross-Origin-Resource-Policy: same-site | same-origin | cross-origin

During a cross-origin resource policy check, if the header is set, the browser will deny no-cors requests issued from a different origin/site.

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Cross-Origin-Resource-Policy 73
73
Until version 75, downloads for files with this header would fail in Chrome. See bug 952834.
From version 80, linearized PDFs served inline with this header fail to render properly. See bug 1074261.
79 74
74
69
Disabled
Disabled From version 69: this feature is behind the browser.tabs.remote.useCORP preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No No 12
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
Cross-Origin-Resource-Policy 73
73
Until version 75, downloads for files with this header would fail in WebView. See bug 952834.
From version 80, linearized PDFs served inline with this header fail to render properly. See bug 1074261.
73
73
Until version 75, downloads for files with this header would fail in Chrome. See bug 952834.
From version 80, linearized PDFs served inline with this header fail to render properly. See bug 1074261.
No No 12 No

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Fetch Living Standard Initial definition

See also

© 2005–2020 Mozilla and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Cross-Origin_Resource_Policy_(CORP)