W3cubDocs

/JavaScript

RangeError

The RangeError object indicates an error when a value is not in the set or range of allowed values.

Description

A RangeError is thrown when trying to pass a value as an argument to a function that does not allow a range that includes the value.

This can be encountered when:

Constructor

RangeError()
Creates a new RangeError object.

Instance properties

RangeError.prototype.message
Error message. Although ECMA-262 specifies that RangeError should provide its own message property, in SpiderMonkey, it inherits Error.prototype.message.
RangeError.prototype.name
Error name. Inherited from Error.
RangeError.prototype.fileName
Path to file that raised this error. Inherited from Error.
RangeError.prototype.lineNumber
Line number in file that raised this error. Inherited from Error.
RangeError.prototype.columnNumber
Column number in line that raised this error. Inherited from Error.
RangeError.prototype.stack
Stack trace. Inherited from Error.

Examples

Using RangeError (for numeric values)

function check(n)
{
    if( !(n >= -500 && n <= 500) )
    {
        throw new RangeError("The argument must be between -500 and 500.")
    }
}

try
{
    check(2000)
}
catch(error)
{
    if (error instanceof RangeError)
    {
        // Handle the error
    }
}

Using RangeError (for non-numeric values)

function check(value)
{
    if(["apple", "banana", "carrot"].includes(value) === false)
    {
        throw new RangeError('The argument must be an "apple", "banana", or "carrot".')
    }
}

try
{
    check("cabbage")
}
catch(error)
{
    if(error instanceof RangeError)
    {
        // Handle the error
    }
}

Specifications

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
RangeError 1 12 1 5.5 5 1
RangeError() constructor 1 12 1 5.5 5 1
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
RangeError 1 18 4 10.1 1 1.0
RangeError() constructor 1 18 4 10.1 1 1.0
Server
Node.js
RangeError 0.1.100
RangeError() constructor 0.1.100

See also

© 2005–2018 Mozilla Developer Network and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://wiki.developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/RangeError