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String.prototype.includes()

The includes() method performs a case-sensitive search to determine whether one string may be found within another string, returning true or false as appropriate.

Syntax

includes(searchString)
includes(searchString, position)

Parameters

searchString

A string to be searched for within str.

position Optional

The position within the string at which to begin searching for searchString. (Defaults to 0.)

Return value

true if the search string is found anywhere within the given string; otherwise, false if not.

Description

This method lets you determine whether or not a string includes another string.

Case-sensitivity

The includes() method is case sensitive. For example, the following expression returns false:

'Blue Whale'.includes('blue')  // returns false

Polyfill

This method has been added to the ECMAScript 2015 specification and may not be available in all JavaScript implementations yet.

However, you can easily polyfill this method:

if (!String.prototype.includes) {
  String.prototype.includes = function(search, start) {
    'use strict';

    if (search instanceof RegExp) {
      throw TypeError('first argument must not be a RegExp');
    }
    if (start === undefined) { start = 0; }
    return this.indexOf(search, start) !== -1;
  };
}

Examples

Using includes()

const str = 'To be, or not to be, that is the question.'

console.log(str.includes('To be'))        // true
console.log(str.includes('question'))     // true
console.log(str.includes('nonexistent'))  // false
console.log(str.includes('To be', 1))     // false
console.log(str.includes('TO BE'))        // false
console.log(str.includes(''))             // true

Specifications

Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile Server
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet Deno Node.js
includes
41
12
40
18-48
No
28
9
41
41
40
18-48
28
9
4.0
1.0
4.0.0

See also

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/String/includes