W3cubDocs

/Kubectl

GETTING STARTED

This section contains the most basic commands for getting a workload running on your cluster.

  • run will start running 1 or more instances of a container image on your cluster.
  • expose will load balance traffic across the running instances, and can create a HA proxy for accessing the containers from outside the cluster.

Once your workloads are running, you can use the commands in the WORKING WITH APPS section to inspect them.


create

Create a pod using the data in pod.json

kubectl create -f ./pod.json

Create a pod based on the JSON passed into stdin

cat pod.json | kubectl create -f -

Edit the data in registry.yaml in JSON then create the resource using the edited data

kubectl create -f registry.yaml --edit -o json

Create a resource from a file or from stdin.

JSON and YAML formats are accepted.

Usage

$ kubectl create -f FILENAME

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
edit false Edit the API resource before creating
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files to use to create the resource
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
raw Raw URI to POST to the server. Uses the transport specified by the kubeconfig file.
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.
windows-line-endings false Only relevant if --edit=true. Defaults to the line ending native to your platform.

clusterrole

Create a cluster role named "pod-reader" that allows user to perform "get", "watch" and "list" on pods

kubectl create clusterrole pod-reader --verb=get,list,watch --resource=pods

Create a cluster role named "pod-reader" with ResourceName specified

kubectl create clusterrole pod-reader --verb=get --resource=pods --resource-name=readablepod --resource-name=anotherpod

Create a cluster role named "foo" with API Group specified

kubectl create clusterrole foo --verb=get,list,watch --resource=rs.extensions

Create a cluster role named "foo" with SubResource specified

kubectl create clusterrole foo --verb=get,list,watch --resource=pods,pods/status

Create a cluster role name "foo" with NonResourceURL specified

kubectl create clusterrole "foo" --verb=get --non-resource-url=/logs/*

Create a cluster role name "monitoring" with AggregationRule specified

kubectl create clusterrole monitoring --aggregation-rule="rbac.example.com/aggregate-to-monitoring=true"

Create a cluster role.

Usage

$ kubectl create clusterrole NAME --verb=verb --resource=resource.group [--resource-name=resourcename] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
aggregation-rule An aggregation label selector for combining ClusterRoles.
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
non-resource-url [] A partial url that user should have access to.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
resource [] Resource that the rule applies to
resource-name [] Resource in the white list that the rule applies to, repeat this flag for multiple items
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.
verb [] Verb that applies to the resources contained in the rule

clusterrolebinding

Create a cluster role binding for user1, user2, and group1 using the cluster-admin cluster role

kubectl create clusterrolebinding cluster-admin --clusterrole=cluster-admin --user=user1 --user=user2 --group=group1

Create a cluster role binding for a particular cluster role.

Usage

$ kubectl create clusterrolebinding NAME --clusterrole=NAME [--user=username] [--group=groupname] [--serviceaccount=namespace:serviceaccountname] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
clusterrole ClusterRole this ClusterRoleBinding should reference
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
group [] Groups to bind to the clusterrole
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
serviceaccount [] Service accounts to bind to the clusterrole, in the format <namespace>:<name>
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

configmap

Create a new config map named my-config based on folder bar

kubectl create configmap my-config --from-file=path/to/bar

Create a new config map named my-config with specified keys instead of file basenames on disk

kubectl create configmap my-config --from-file=key1=/path/to/bar/file1.txt --from-file=key2=/path/to/bar/file2.txt

Create a new config map named my-config with key1=config1 and key2=config2

kubectl create configmap my-config --from-literal=key1=config1 --from-literal=key2=config2

Create a new config map named my-config from the key=value pairs in the file

kubectl create configmap my-config --from-file=path/to/bar

Create a new config map named my-config from an env file

kubectl create configmap my-config --from-env-file=path/to/foo.env --from-env-file=path/to/bar.env

Create a config map based on a file, directory, or specified literal value.

A single config map may package one or more key/value pairs.

When creating a config map based on a file, the key will default to the basename of the file, and the value will default to the file content. If the basename is an invalid key, you may specify an alternate key.

When creating a config map based on a directory, each file whose basename is a valid key in the directory will be packaged into the config map. Any directory entries except regular files are ignored (e.g. subdirectories, symlinks, devices, pipes, etc).

Usage

$ kubectl create configmap NAME [--from-file=[key=]source] [--from-literal=key1=value1] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
append-hash false Append a hash of the configmap to its name.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
from-env-file [] Specify the path to a file to read lines of key=val pairs to create a configmap.
from-file [] Key file can be specified using its file path, in which case file basename will be used as configmap key, or optionally with a key and file path, in which case the given key will be used. Specifying a directory will iterate each named file in the directory whose basename is a valid configmap key.
from-literal [] Specify a key and literal value to insert in configmap (i.e. mykey=somevalue)
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

cronjob

Create a cron job

kubectl create cronjob my-job --image=busybox --schedule="*/1 * * * *"

Create a cron job with a command

kubectl create cronjob my-job --image=busybox --schedule="*/1 * * * *" -- date

Create a cron job with the specified name.

Usage

$ kubectl create cronjob NAME --image=image --schedule='0/5 * * * ?' -- [COMMAND] [args...]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
image Image name to run.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
restart job's restart policy. supported values: OnFailure, Never
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
schedule A schedule in the Cron format the job should be run with.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

deployment

Create a deployment named my-dep that runs the busybox image

kubectl create deployment my-dep --image=busybox

Create a deployment with a command

kubectl create deployment my-dep --image=busybox -- date

Create a deployment named my-dep that runs the nginx image with 3 replicas

kubectl create deployment my-dep --image=nginx --replicas=3

Create a deployment named my-dep that runs the busybox image and expose port 5701

kubectl create deployment my-dep --image=busybox --port=5701

Create a deployment with the specified name.

Usage

$ kubectl create deployment NAME --image=image -- [COMMAND] [args...]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
image [] Image names to run.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
port -1 The port that this container exposes.
replicas r 1 Number of replicas to create. Default is 1.
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

ingress

Create a single ingress called 'simple' that directs requests to foo.com/bar to svc # svc1:8080 with a tls secret "my-cert"

kubectl create ingress simple --rule="foo.com/bar=svc1:8080,tls=my-cert"

Create a catch all ingress of "/path" pointing to service svc:port and Ingress Class as "otheringress"

kubectl create ingress catch-all --class=otheringress --rule="/path=svc:port"

Create an ingress with two annotations: ingress.annotation1 and ingress.annotations2

kubectl create ingress annotated --class=default --rule="foo.com/bar=svc:port" \ --annotation ingress.annotation1=foo \ --annotation ingress.annotation2=bla

Create an ingress with the same host and multiple paths

kubectl create ingress multipath --class=default \ --rule="foo.com/=svc:port" \ --rule="foo.com/admin/=svcadmin:portadmin"

Create an ingress with multiple hosts and the pathType as Prefix

kubectl create ingress ingress1 --class=default \ --rule="foo.com/path*=svc:8080" \ --rule="bar.com/admin*=svc2:http"

Create an ingress with TLS enabled using the default ingress certificate and different path types

kubectl create ingress ingtls --class=default \ --rule="foo.com/=svc:https,tls" \ --rule="foo.com/path/subpath*=othersvc:8080"

Create an ingress with TLS enabled using a specific secret and pathType as Prefix

kubectl create ingress ingsecret --class=default \ --rule="foo.com/*=svc:8080,tls=secret1"

Create an ingress with a default backend

kubectl create ingress ingdefault --class=default \ --default-backend=defaultsvc:http \ --rule="foo.com/*=svc:8080,tls=secret1"

Create an ingress with the specified name.

Usage

$ kubectl create ingress NAME --rule=host/path=service:port[,tls[=secret]]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
annotation [] Annotation to insert in the ingress object, in the format annotation=value
class Ingress Class to be used
default-backend Default service for backend, in format of svcname:port
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
rule [] Rule in format host/path=service:port[,tls=secretname]. Paths containing the leading character '*' are considered pathType=Prefix. tls argument is optional.
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

job

Create a job

kubectl create job my-job --image=busybox

Create a job with a command

kubectl create job my-job --image=busybox -- date

Create a job from a cron job named "a-cronjob"

kubectl create job test-job --from=cronjob/a-cronjob

Create a job with the specified name.

Usage

$ kubectl create job NAME --image=image [--from=cronjob/name] -- [COMMAND] [args...]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
from The name of the resource to create a Job from (only cronjob is supported).
image Image name to run.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

namespace

Create a new namespace named my-namespace

kubectl create namespace my-namespace

Create a namespace with the specified name.

Usage

$ kubectl create namespace NAME [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

poddisruptionbudget

Create a pod disruption budget named my-pdb that will select all pods with the app=rails label # and require at least one of them being available at any point in time

kubectl create poddisruptionbudget my-pdb --selector=app=rails --min-available=1

Create a pod disruption budget named my-pdb that will select all pods with the app=nginx label # and require at least half of the pods selected to be available at any point in time

kubectl create pdb my-pdb --selector=app=nginx --min-available=50%

Create a pod disruption budget with the specified name, selector, and desired minimum available pods.

Usage

$ kubectl create poddisruptionbudget NAME --selector=SELECTOR --min-available=N [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
max-unavailable The maximum number or percentage of unavailable pods this budget requires.
min-available The minimum number or percentage of available pods this budget requires.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
selector A label selector to use for this budget. Only equality-based selector requirements are supported.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

priorityclass

Create a priority class named high-priority

kubectl create priorityclass high-priority --value=1000 --description="high priority"

Create a priority class named default-priority that is considered as the global default priority

kubectl create priorityclass default-priority --value=1000 --global-default=true --description="default priority"

Create a priority class named high-priority that cannot preempt pods with lower priority

kubectl create priorityclass high-priority --value=1000 --description="high priority" --preemption-policy="Never"

Create a priority class with the specified name, value, globalDefault and description.

Usage

$ kubectl create priorityclass NAME --value=VALUE --global-default=BOOL [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
description description is an arbitrary string that usually provides guidelines on when this priority class should be used.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
global-default false global-default specifies whether this PriorityClass should be considered as the default priority.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
preemption-policy PreemptLowerPriority preemption-policy is the policy for preempting pods with lower priority.
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.
value 0 the value of this priority class.

quota

Create a new resource quota named my-quota

kubectl create quota my-quota --hard=cpu=1,memory=1G,pods=2,services=3,replicationcontrollers=2,resourcequotas=1,secrets=5,persistentvolumeclaims=10

Create a new resource quota named best-effort

kubectl create quota best-effort --hard=pods=100 --scopes=BestEffort

Create a resource quota with the specified name, hard limits, and optional scopes.

Usage

$ kubectl create quota NAME [--hard=key1=value1,key2=value2] [--scopes=Scope1,Scope2] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
hard A comma-delimited set of resource=quantity pairs that define a hard limit.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
scopes A comma-delimited set of quota scopes that must all match each object tracked by the quota.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

role

Create a role named "pod-reader" that allows user to perform "get", "watch" and "list" on pods

kubectl create role pod-reader --verb=get --verb=list --verb=watch --resource=pods

Create a role named "pod-reader" with ResourceName specified

kubectl create role pod-reader --verb=get --resource=pods --resource-name=readablepod --resource-name=anotherpod

Create a role named "foo" with API Group specified

kubectl create role foo --verb=get,list,watch --resource=rs.extensions

Create a role named "foo" with SubResource specified

kubectl create role foo --verb=get,list,watch --resource=pods,pods/status

Create a role with single rule.

Usage

$ kubectl create role NAME --verb=verb --resource=resource.group/subresource [--resource-name=resourcename] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
resource [] Resource that the rule applies to
resource-name [] Resource in the white list that the rule applies to, repeat this flag for multiple items
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.
verb [] Verb that applies to the resources contained in the rule

rolebinding

Create a role binding for user1, user2, and group1 using the admin cluster role

kubectl create rolebinding admin --clusterrole=admin --user=user1 --user=user2 --group=group1

Create a role binding for a particular role or cluster role.

Usage

$ kubectl create rolebinding NAME --clusterrole=NAME|--role=NAME [--user=username] [--group=groupname] [--serviceaccount=namespace:serviceaccountname] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
clusterrole ClusterRole this RoleBinding should reference
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
group [] Groups to bind to the role
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
role Role this RoleBinding should reference
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
serviceaccount [] Service accounts to bind to the role, in the format <namespace>:<name>
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

secret

Create a secret using specified subcommand.

Usage

$ kubectl create secret


secret docker-registry

If you don't already have a .dockercfg file, you can create a dockercfg secret directly by using:

kubectl create secret docker-registry my-secret --docker-server=DOCKER_REGISTRY_SERVER --docker-username=DOCKER_USER --docker-password=DOCKER_PASSWORD --docker-email=DOCKER_EMAIL

Create a new secret named my-secret from ~/.docker/config.json

kubectl create secret docker-registry my-secret --from-file=.dockerconfigjson=path/to/.docker/config.json

Create a new secret for use with Docker registries.

Dockercfg secrets are used to authenticate against Docker registries.

When using the Docker command line to push images, you can authenticate to a given registry by running: '$ docker login DOCKER_REGISTRY_SERVER --username=DOCKER_USER --password=DOCKER_PASSWORD --email=DOCKER_EMAIL'.

That produces a ~/.dockercfg file that is used by subsequent 'docker push' and 'docker pull' commands to authenticate to the registry. The email address is optional.

When creating applications, you may have a Docker registry that requires authentication. In order for the nodes to pull images on your behalf, they must have the credentials. You can provide this information by creating a dockercfg secret and attaching it to your service account.

Usage

$ kubectl create docker-registry NAME --docker-username=user --docker-password=password --docker-email=email [--docker-server=string] [--from-file=[key=]source] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
append-hash false Append a hash of the secret to its name.
docker-email Email for Docker registry
docker-password Password for Docker registry authentication
docker-server https://index.docker.io/v1/ Server location for Docker registry
docker-username Username for Docker registry authentication
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
from-file [] Key files can be specified using their file path, in which case a default name will be given to them, or optionally with a name and file path, in which case the given name will be used. Specifying a directory will iterate each named file in the directory that is a valid secret key.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

secret generic

Create a new secret named my-secret with keys for each file in folder bar

kubectl create secret generic my-secret --from-file=path/to/bar

Create a new secret named my-secret with specified keys instead of names on disk

kubectl create secret generic my-secret --from-file=ssh-privatekey=path/to/id_rsa --from-file=ssh-publickey=path/to/id_rsa.pub

Create a new secret named my-secret with key1=supersecret and key2=topsecret

kubectl create secret generic my-secret --from-literal=key1=supersecret --from-literal=key2=topsecret

Create a new secret named my-secret using a combination of a file and a literal

kubectl create secret generic my-secret --from-file=ssh-privatekey=path/to/id_rsa --from-literal=passphrase=topsecret

Create a new secret named my-secret from env files

kubectl create secret generic my-secret --from-env-file=path/to/foo.env --from-env-file=path/to/bar.env

Create a secret based on a file, directory, or specified literal value.

A single secret may package one or more key/value pairs.

When creating a secret based on a file, the key will default to the basename of the file, and the value will default to the file content. If the basename is an invalid key or you wish to chose your own, you may specify an alternate key.

When creating a secret based on a directory, each file whose basename is a valid key in the directory will be packaged into the secret. Any directory entries except regular files are ignored (e.g. subdirectories, symlinks, devices, pipes, etc).

Usage

$ kubectl create generic NAME [--type=string] [--from-file=[key=]source] [--from-literal=key1=value1] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
append-hash false Append a hash of the secret to its name.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
from-env-file [] Specify the path to a file to read lines of key=val pairs to create a secret.
from-file [] Key files can be specified using their file path, in which case a default name will be given to them, or optionally with a name and file path, in which case the given name will be used. Specifying a directory will iterate each named file in the directory that is a valid secret key.
from-literal [] Specify a key and literal value to insert in secret (i.e. mykey=somevalue)
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
type The type of secret to create
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

secret tls

Create a new TLS secret named tls-secret with the given key pair

kubectl create secret tls tls-secret --cert=path/to/tls.cert --key=path/to/tls.key

Create a TLS secret from the given public/private key pair.

The public/private key pair must exist beforehand. The public key certificate must be .PEM encoded and match the given private key.

Usage

$ kubectl create tls NAME --cert=path/to/cert/file --key=path/to/key/file [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
append-hash false Append a hash of the secret to its name.
cert Path to PEM encoded public key certificate.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
key Path to private key associated with given certificate.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

service

Create a service using a specified subcommand.

Usage

$ kubectl create service


service clusterip

Create a new ClusterIP service named my-cs

kubectl create service clusterip my-cs --tcp=5678:8080

Create a new ClusterIP service named my-cs (in headless mode)

kubectl create service clusterip my-cs --clusterip="None"

Create a ClusterIP service with the specified name.

Usage

$ kubectl create clusterip NAME [--tcp=<port>:<targetPort>] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
clusterip Assign your own ClusterIP or set to 'None' for a 'headless' service (no loadbalancing).
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
tcp [] Port pairs can be specified as '<port>:<targetPort>'.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

service externalname

Create a new ExternalName service named my-ns

kubectl create service externalname my-ns --external-name bar.com

Create an ExternalName service with the specified name.

ExternalName service references to an external DNS address instead of only pods, which will allow application authors to reference services that exist off platform, on other clusters, or locally.

Usage

$ kubectl create externalname NAME --external-name external.name [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
external-name External name of service
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
tcp [] Port pairs can be specified as '<port>:<targetPort>'.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

service loadbalancer

Create a new LoadBalancer service named my-lbs

kubectl create service loadbalancer my-lbs --tcp=5678:8080

Create a LoadBalancer service with the specified name.

Usage

$ kubectl create loadbalancer NAME [--tcp=port:targetPort] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
tcp [] Port pairs can be specified as '<port>:<targetPort>'.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

service nodeport

Create a new NodePort service named my-ns

kubectl create service nodeport my-ns --tcp=5678:8080

Create a NodePort service with the specified name.

Usage

$ kubectl create nodeport NAME [--tcp=port:targetPort] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
node-port 0 Port used to expose the service on each node in a cluster.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
tcp [] Port pairs can be specified as '<port>:<targetPort>'.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

serviceaccount

Create a new service account named my-service-account

kubectl create serviceaccount my-service-account

Create a service account with the specified name.

Usage

$ kubectl create serviceaccount NAME [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-create Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

token

Request a token to authenticate to the kube-apiserver as the service account "myapp" in the current namespace

kubectl create token myapp

Request a token for a service account in a custom namespace

kubectl create token myapp --namespace myns

Request a token with a custom expiration

kubectl create token myapp --duration 10m

Request a token with a custom audience

kubectl create token myapp --audience https://example.com

Request a token bound to an instance of a Secret object

kubectl create token myapp --bound-object-kind Secret --bound-object-name mysecret

Request a token bound to an instance of a Secret object with a specific uid

kubectl create token myapp --bound-object-kind Secret --bound-object-name mysecret --bound-object-uid 0d4691ed-659b-4935-a832-355f77ee47cc

Request a service account token.

Usage

$ kubectl create token SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
audience [] Audience of the requested token. If unset, defaults to requesting a token for use with the Kubernetes API server. May be repeated to request a token valid for multiple audiences.
bound-object-kind Kind of an object to bind the token to. Supported kinds are Pod, Secret. If set, --bound-object-name must be provided.
bound-object-name Name of an object to bind the token to. The token will expire when the object is deleted. Requires --bound-object-kind.
bound-object-uid UID of an object to bind the token to. Requires --bound-object-kind and --bound-object-name. If unset, the UID of the existing object is used.
duration 0s Requested lifetime of the issued token. The server may return a token with a longer or shorter lifetime.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

get

List all pods in ps output format

kubectl get pods

List all pods in ps output format with more information (such as node name)

kubectl get pods -o wide

List a single replication controller with specified NAME in ps output format

kubectl get replicationcontroller web

List deployments in JSON output format, in the "v1" version of the "apps" API group

kubectl get deployments.v1.apps -o json

List a single pod in JSON output format

kubectl get -o json pod web-pod-13je7

List a pod identified by type and name specified in "pod.yaml" in JSON output format

kubectl get -f pod.yaml -o json

List resources from a directory with kustomization.yaml - e.g. dir/kustomization.yaml

kubectl get -k dir/

Return only the phase value of the specified pod

kubectl get -o template pod/web-pod-13je7 --template={{.status.phase}}

List resource information in custom columns

kubectl get pod test-pod -o custom-columns=CONTAINER:.spec.containers[0].name,IMAGE:.spec.containers[0].image

List all replication controllers and services together in ps output format

kubectl get rc,services

List one or more resources by their type and names

kubectl get rc/web service/frontend pods/web-pod-13je7

List status subresource for a single pod.

kubectl get pod web-pod-13je7 --subresource status

Display one or many resources.

Prints a table of the most important information about the specified resources. You can filter the list using a label selector and the --selector flag. If the desired resource type is namespaced you will only see results in your current namespace unless you pass --all-namespaces.

By specifying the output as 'template' and providing a Go template as the value of the --template flag, you can filter the attributes of the fetched resources.

Use "kubectl api-resources" for a complete list of supported resources.

Usage

$ kubectl get [(-o|--output=)json|yaml|name|go-template|go-template-file|template|templatefile|jsonpath|jsonpath-as-json|jsonpath-file|custom-columns|custom-columns-file|wide] (TYPE[.VERSION][.GROUP] [NAME | -l label] | TYPE[.VERSION][.GROUP]/NAME ...) [flags]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all-namespaces A false If present, list the requested object(s) across all namespaces. Namespace in current context is ignored even if specified with --namespace.
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
chunk-size 500 Return large lists in chunks rather than all at once. Pass 0 to disable. This flag is beta and may change in the future.
field-selector Selector (field query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. --field-selector key1=value1,key2=value2). The server only supports a limited number of field queries per type.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to get from a server.
ignore-not-found false If the requested object does not exist the command will return exit code 0.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
label-columns L [] Accepts a comma separated list of labels that are going to be presented as columns. Names are case-sensitive. You can also use multiple flag options like -L label1 -L label2...
no-headers false When using the default or custom-column output format, don't print headers (default print headers).
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file, custom-columns, custom-columns-file, wide). See custom columns [https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/kubectl/overview/#custom-columns], golang template [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview] and jsonpath template [https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/kubectl/jsonpath/].
output-watch-events false Output watch event objects when --watch or --watch-only is used. Existing objects are output as initial ADDED events.
raw Raw URI to request from the server. Uses the transport specified by the kubeconfig file.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
server-print true If true, have the server return the appropriate table output. Supports extension APIs and CRDs.
show-kind false If present, list the resource type for the requested object(s).
show-labels false When printing, show all labels as the last column (default hide labels column)
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
sort-by If non-empty, sort list types using this field specification. The field specification is expressed as a JSONPath expression (e.g. '{.metadata.name}'). The field in the API resource specified by this JSONPath expression must be an integer or a string.
subresource If specified, gets the subresource of the requested object. Must be one of [status scale]. This flag is alpha and may change in the future.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
use-openapi-print-columns false If true, use x-kubernetes-print-column metadata (if present) from the OpenAPI schema for displaying a resource.
watch w false After listing/getting the requested object, watch for changes.
watch-only false Watch for changes to the requested object(s), without listing/getting first.

run

Start a nginx pod

kubectl run nginx --image=nginx

Start a hazelcast pod and let the container expose port 5701

kubectl run hazelcast --image=hazelcast/hazelcast --port=5701

Start a hazelcast pod and set environment variables "DNS_DOMAIN=cluster" and "POD_NAMESPACE=default" in the container

kubectl run hazelcast --image=hazelcast/hazelcast --env="DNS_DOMAIN=cluster" --env="POD_NAMESPACE=default"

Start a hazelcast pod and set labels "app=hazelcast" and "env=prod" in the container

kubectl run hazelcast --image=hazelcast/hazelcast --labels="app=hazelcast,env=prod"

Dry run; print the corresponding API objects without creating them

kubectl run nginx --image=nginx --dry-run=client

Start a nginx pod, but overload the spec with a partial set of values parsed from JSON

kubectl run nginx --image=nginx --overrides='{ "apiVersion": "v1", "spec": { ... } }'

Start a busybox pod and keep it in the foreground, don't restart it if it exits

kubectl run -i -t busybox --image=busybox --restart=Never

Start the nginx pod using the default command, but use custom arguments (arg1 .. argN) for that command

kubectl run nginx --image=nginx -- <arg1> <arg2> ... <argN>

Start the nginx pod using a different command and custom arguments

kubectl run nginx --image=nginx --command -- <cmd> <arg1> ... <argN>

Create and run a particular image in a pod.

Usage

$ kubectl run NAME --image=image [--env="key=value"] [--port=port] [--dry-run=server|client] [--overrides=inline-json] [--command] -- [COMMAND] [args...]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
annotations [] Annotations to apply to the pod.
attach false If true, wait for the Pod to start running, and then attach to the Pod as if 'kubectl attach ...' were called. Default false, unless '-i/--stdin' is set, in which case the default is true. With '--restart=Never' the exit code of the container process is returned.
cascade background Must be "background", "orphan", or "foreground". Selects the deletion cascading strategy for the dependents (e.g. Pods created by a ReplicationController). Defaults to background.
command false If true and extra arguments are present, use them as the 'command' field in the container, rather than the 'args' field which is the default.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
env [] Environment variables to set in the container.
expose false If true, create a ClusterIP service associated with the pod. Requires --port.
field-manager kubectl-run Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] to use to replace the resource.
force false If true, immediately remove resources from API and bypass graceful deletion. Note that immediate deletion of some resources may result in inconsistency or data loss and requires confirmation.
grace-period -1 Period of time in seconds given to the resource to terminate gracefully. Ignored if negative. Set to 1 for immediate shutdown. Can only be set to 0 when --force is true (force deletion).
image The image for the container to run.
image-pull-policy The image pull policy for the container. If left empty, this value will not be specified by the client and defaulted by the server.
kustomize k Process a kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
labels l Comma separated labels to apply to the pod. Will override previous values.
leave-stdin-open false If the pod is started in interactive mode or with stdin, leave stdin open after the first attach completes. By default, stdin will be closed after the first attach completes.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
override-type merge The method used to override the generated object: json, merge, or strategic.
overrides An inline JSON override for the generated object. If this is non-empty, it is used to override the generated object. Requires that the object supply a valid apiVersion field.
pod-running-timeout 1m0s The length of time (like 5s, 2m, or 3h, higher than zero) to wait until at least one pod is running
port The port that this container exposes.
privileged false If true, run the container in privileged mode.
quiet q false If true, suppress prompt messages.
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
restart Always The restart policy for this Pod. Legal values [Always, OnFailure, Never].
rm false If true, delete the pod after it exits. Only valid when attaching to the container, e.g. with '--attach' or with '-i/--stdin'.
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
stdin i false Keep stdin open on the container in the pod, even if nothing is attached.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
timeout 0s The length of time to wait before giving up on a delete, zero means determine a timeout from the size of the object
tty t false Allocate a TTY for the container in the pod.
wait false If true, wait for resources to be gone before returning. This waits for finalizers.

expose

Create a service for a replicated nginx, which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on port 8000

kubectl expose rc nginx --port=80 --target-port=8000

Create a service for a replication controller identified by type and name specified in "nginx-controller.yaml", which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on port 8000

kubectl expose -f nginx-controller.yaml --port=80 --target-port=8000

Create a service for a pod valid-pod, which serves on port 444 with the name "frontend"

kubectl expose pod valid-pod --port=444 --name=frontend

Create a second service based on the above service, exposing the container port 8443 as port 443 with the name "nginx-https"

kubectl expose service nginx --port=443 --target-port=8443 --name=nginx-https

Create a service for a replicated streaming application on port 4100 balancing UDP traffic and named 'video-stream'.

kubectl expose rc streamer --port=4100 --protocol=UDP --name=video-stream

Create a service for a replicated nginx using replica set, which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on port 8000

kubectl expose rs nginx --port=80 --target-port=8000

Create a service for an nginx deployment, which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on port 8000

kubectl expose deployment nginx --port=80 --target-port=8000

Expose a resource as a new Kubernetes service.

Looks up a deployment, service, replica set, replication controller or pod by name and uses the selector for that resource as the selector for a new service on the specified port. A deployment or replica set will be exposed as a service only if its selector is convertible to a selector that service supports, i.e. when the selector contains only the matchLabels component. Note that if no port is specified via --port and the exposed resource has multiple ports, all will be re-used by the new service. Also if no labels are specified, the new service will re-use the labels from the resource it exposes.

Possible resources include (case insensitive):

pod (po), service (svc), replicationcontroller (rc), deployment (deploy), replicaset (rs)

Usage

$ kubectl expose (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) [--port=port] [--protocol=TCP|UDP|SCTP] [--target-port=number-or-name] [--name=name] [--external-ip=external-ip-of-service] [--type=type]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
cluster-ip ClusterIP to be assigned to the service. Leave empty to auto-allocate, or set to 'None' to create a headless service.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
external-ip Additional external IP address (not managed by Kubernetes) to accept for the service. If this IP is routed to a node, the service can be accessed by this IP in addition to its generated service IP.
field-manager kubectl-expose Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to expose a service
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
labels l Labels to apply to the service created by this call.
load-balancer-ip IP to assign to the LoadBalancer. If empty, an ephemeral IP will be created and used (cloud-provider specific).
name The name for the newly created object.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
override-type merge The method used to override the generated object: json, merge, or strategic.
overrides An inline JSON override for the generated object. If this is non-empty, it is used to override the generated object. Requires that the object supply a valid apiVersion field.
port The port that the service should serve on. Copied from the resource being exposed, if unspecified
protocol The network protocol for the service to be created. Default is 'TCP'.
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
selector A label selector to use for this service. Only equality-based selector requirements are supported. If empty (the default) infer the selector from the replication controller or replica set.)
session-affinity If non-empty, set the session affinity for the service to this; legal values: 'None', 'ClientIP'
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
target-port Name or number for the port on the container that the service should direct traffic to. Optional.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
type Type for this service: ClusterIP, NodePort, LoadBalancer, or ExternalName. Default is 'ClusterIP'.

delete

Delete a pod using the type and name specified in pod.json

kubectl delete -f ./pod.json

Delete resources from a directory containing kustomization.yaml - e.g. dir/kustomization.yaml

kubectl delete -k dir

Delete resources from all files that end with '.json' - i.e. expand wildcard characters in file names

kubectl apply -f '*.json'

Delete a pod based on the type and name in the JSON passed into stdin

cat pod.json | kubectl delete -f -

Delete pods and services with same names "baz" and "foo"

kubectl delete pod,service baz foo

Delete pods and services with label name=myLabel

kubectl delete pods,services -l name=myLabel

Delete a pod with minimal delay

kubectl delete pod foo --now

Force delete a pod on a dead node

kubectl delete pod foo --force

Delete all pods

kubectl delete pods --all

Delete resources by file names, stdin, resources and names, or by resources and label selector.

JSON and YAML formats are accepted. Only one type of argument may be specified: file names, resources and names, or resources and label selector.

Some resources, such as pods, support graceful deletion. These resources define a default period before they are forcibly terminated (the grace period) but you may override that value with the --grace-period flag, or pass --now to set a grace-period of 1. Because these resources often represent entities in the cluster, deletion may not be acknowledged immediately. If the node hosting a pod is down or cannot reach the API server, termination may take significantly longer than the grace period. To force delete a resource, you must specify the --force flag. Note: only a subset of resources support graceful deletion. In absence of the support, the --grace-period flag is ignored.

IMPORTANT: Force deleting pods does not wait for confirmation that the pod's processes have been terminated, which can leave those processes running until the node detects the deletion and completes graceful deletion. If your processes use shared storage or talk to a remote API and depend on the name of the pod to identify themselves, force deleting those pods may result in multiple processes running on different machines using the same identification which may lead to data corruption or inconsistency. Only force delete pods when you are sure the pod is terminated, or if your application can tolerate multiple copies of the same pod running at once. Also, if you force delete pods, the scheduler may place new pods on those nodes before the node has released those resources and causing those pods to be evicted immediately.

Note that the delete command does NOT do resource version checks, so if someone submits an update to a resource right when you submit a delete, their update will be lost along with the rest of the resource.

After a CustomResourceDefinition is deleted, invalidation of discovery cache may take up to 10 minutes. If you don't want to wait, you might want to run "kubectl api-resources" to refresh the discovery cache.

Usage

$ kubectl delete ([-f FILENAME] | [-k DIRECTORY] | TYPE [(NAME | -l label | --all)])

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Delete all resources, in the namespace of the specified resource types.
all-namespaces A false If present, list the requested object(s) across all namespaces. Namespace in current context is ignored even if specified with --namespace.
cascade background Must be "background", "orphan", or "foreground". Selects the deletion cascading strategy for the dependents (e.g. Pods created by a ReplicationController). Defaults to background.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-selector Selector (field query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. --field-selector key1=value1,key2=value2). The server only supports a limited number of field queries per type.
filename f [] containing the resource to delete.
force false If true, immediately remove resources from API and bypass graceful deletion. Note that immediate deletion of some resources may result in inconsistency or data loss and requires confirmation.
grace-period -1 Period of time in seconds given to the resource to terminate gracefully. Ignored if negative. Set to 1 for immediate shutdown. Can only be set to 0 when --force is true (force deletion).
ignore-not-found false Treat "resource not found" as a successful delete. Defaults to "true" when --all is specified.
kustomize k Process a kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
now false If true, resources are signaled for immediate shutdown (same as --grace-period=1).
output o Output mode. Use "-o name" for shorter output (resource/name).
raw Raw URI to DELETE to the server. Uses the transport specified by the kubeconfig file.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
timeout 0s The length of time to wait before giving up on a delete, zero means determine a timeout from the size of the object
wait true If true, wait for resources to be gone before returning. This waits for finalizers.

APP MANAGEMENT

This section contains commands for creating, updating, deleting, and viewing your workloads in a Kubernetes cluster.


apply

Apply the configuration in pod.json to a pod

kubectl apply -f ./pod.json

Apply resources from a directory containing kustomization.yaml - e.g. dir/kustomization.yaml

kubectl apply -k dir/

Apply the JSON passed into stdin to a pod

cat pod.json | kubectl apply -f -

Apply the configuration from all files that end with '.json' - i.e. expand wildcard characters in file names

kubectl apply -f '*.json'

Note: --prune is still in Alpha # Apply the configuration in manifest.yaml that matches label app=nginx and delete all other resources that are not in the file and match label app=nginx

kubectl apply --prune -f manifest.yaml -l app=nginx

Apply the configuration in manifest.yaml and delete all the other config maps that are not in the file

kubectl apply --prune -f manifest.yaml --all --prune-whitelist=core/v1/ConfigMap

Apply a configuration to a resource by file name or stdin. The resource name must be specified. This resource will be created if it doesn't exist yet. To use 'apply', always create the resource initially with either 'apply' or 'create --save-config'.

JSON and YAML formats are accepted.

Alpha Disclaimer: the --prune functionality is not yet complete. Do not use unless you are aware of what the current state is. See https://issues.k8s.io/34274.

Usage

$ kubectl apply (-f FILENAME | -k DIRECTORY)

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Select all resources in the namespace of the specified resource types.
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
cascade background Must be "background", "orphan", or "foreground". Selects the deletion cascading strategy for the dependents (e.g. Pods created by a ReplicationController). Defaults to background.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-client-side-apply Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] that contains the configuration to apply
force false If true, immediately remove resources from API and bypass graceful deletion. Note that immediate deletion of some resources may result in inconsistency or data loss and requires confirmation.
force-conflicts false If true, server-side apply will force the changes against conflicts.
grace-period -1 Period of time in seconds given to the resource to terminate gracefully. Ignored if negative. Set to 1 for immediate shutdown. Can only be set to 0 when --force is true (force deletion).
kustomize k Process a kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
openapi-patch true If true, use openapi to calculate diff when the openapi presents and the resource can be found in the openapi spec. Otherwise, fall back to use baked-in types.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
overwrite true Automatically resolve conflicts between the modified and live configuration by using values from the modified configuration
prune false Automatically delete resource objects, that do not appear in the configs and are created by either apply or create --save-config. Should be used with either -l or --all.
prune-whitelist [] Overwrite the default whitelist with <group/version/kind> for --prune
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
server-side false If true, apply runs in the server instead of the client.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
timeout 0s The length of time to wait before giving up on a delete, zero means determine a timeout from the size of the object
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.
wait false If true, wait for resources to be gone before returning. This waits for finalizers.

edit-last-applied

Edit the last-applied-configuration annotations by type/name in YAML

kubectl apply edit-last-applied deployment/nginx

Edit the last-applied-configuration annotations by file in JSON

kubectl apply edit-last-applied -f deploy.yaml -o json

Edit the latest last-applied-configuration annotations of resources from the default editor.

The edit-last-applied command allows you to directly edit any API resource you can retrieve via the command-line tools. It will open the editor defined by your KUBE_EDITOR, or EDITOR environment variables, or fall back to 'vi' for Linux or 'notepad' for Windows. You can edit multiple objects, although changes are applied one at a time. The command accepts file names as well as command-line arguments, although the files you point to must be previously saved versions of resources.

The default format is YAML. To edit in JSON, specify "-o json".

The flag --windows-line-endings can be used to force Windows line endings, otherwise the default for your operating system will be used.

In the event an error occurs while updating, a temporary file will be created on disk that contains your unapplied changes. The most common error when updating a resource is another editor changing the resource on the server. When this occurs, you will have to apply your changes to the newer version of the resource, or update your temporary saved copy to include the latest resource version.

Usage

$ kubectl apply edit-last-applied (RESOURCE/NAME | -f FILENAME)

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
field-manager kubectl-client-side-apply Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files to use to edit the resource
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.
windows-line-endings false Defaults to the line ending native to your platform.

set-last-applied

Set the last-applied-configuration of a resource to match the contents of a file

kubectl apply set-last-applied -f deploy.yaml

Execute set-last-applied against each configuration file in a directory

kubectl apply set-last-applied -f path/

Set the last-applied-configuration of a resource to match the contents of a file; will create the annotation if it does not already exist

kubectl apply set-last-applied -f deploy.yaml --create-annotation=true

Set the latest last-applied-configuration annotations by setting it to match the contents of a file. This results in the last-applied-configuration being updated as though 'kubectl apply -f ' was run, without updating any other parts of the object.

Usage

$ kubectl apply set-last-applied -f FILENAME

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
create-annotation false Will create 'last-applied-configuration' annotations if current objects doesn't have one
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files that contains the last-applied-configuration annotations
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

view-last-applied

View the last-applied-configuration annotations by type/name in YAML

kubectl apply view-last-applied deployment/nginx

View the last-applied-configuration annotations by file in JSON

kubectl apply view-last-applied -f deploy.yaml -o json

View the latest last-applied-configuration annotations by type/name or file.

The default output will be printed to stdout in YAML format. You can use the -o option to change the output format.

Usage

$ kubectl apply view-last-applied (TYPE [NAME | -l label] | TYPE/NAME | -f FILENAME)

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Select all resources in the namespace of the specified resource types
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files that contains the last-applied-configuration annotations
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o yaml Output format. Must be one of (yaml, json)
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

annotate

Update pod 'foo' with the annotation 'description' and the value 'my frontend' # If the same annotation is set multiple times, only the last value will be applied

kubectl annotate pods foo description='my frontend'

Update a pod identified by type and name in "pod.json"

kubectl annotate -f pod.json description='my frontend'

Update pod 'foo' with the annotation 'description' and the value 'my frontend running nginx', overwriting any existing value

kubectl annotate --overwrite pods foo description='my frontend running nginx'

Update all pods in the namespace

kubectl annotate pods --all description='my frontend running nginx'

Update pod 'foo' only if the resource is unchanged from version 1

kubectl annotate pods foo description='my frontend running nginx' --resource-version=1

Update pod 'foo' by removing an annotation named 'description' if it exists # Does not require the --overwrite flag

kubectl annotate pods foo description-

Update the annotations on one or more resources.

All Kubernetes objects support the ability to store additional data with the object as annotations. Annotations are key/value pairs that can be larger than labels and include arbitrary string values such as structured JSON. Tools and system extensions may use annotations to store their own data.

Attempting to set an annotation that already exists will fail unless --overwrite is set. If --resource-version is specified and does not match the current resource version on the server the command will fail.

Use "kubectl api-resources" for a complete list of supported resources.

Usage

$ kubectl annotate [--overwrite] (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) KEY_1=VAL_1 ... KEY_N=VAL_N [--resource-version=version]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Select all resources, in the namespace of the specified resource types.
all-namespaces A false If true, check the specified action in all namespaces.
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-annotate Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
field-selector Selector (field query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. --field-selector key1=value1,key2=value2). The server only supports a limited number of field queries per type.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to update the annotation
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
list false If true, display the annotations for a given resource.
local false If true, annotation will NOT contact api-server but run locally.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
overwrite false If true, allow annotations to be overwritten, otherwise reject annotation updates that overwrite existing annotations.
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
resource-version If non-empty, the annotation update will only succeed if this is the current resource-version for the object. Only valid when specifying a single resource.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

autoscale

Auto scale a deployment "foo", with the number of pods between 2 and 10, no target CPU utilization specified so a default autoscaling policy will be used

kubectl autoscale deployment foo --min=2 --max=10

Auto scale a replication controller "foo", with the number of pods between 1 and 5, target CPU utilization at 80%

kubectl autoscale rc foo --max=5 --cpu-percent=80

Creates an autoscaler that automatically chooses and sets the number of pods that run in a Kubernetes cluster.

Looks up a deployment, replica set, stateful set, or replication controller by name and creates an autoscaler that uses the given resource as a reference. An autoscaler can automatically increase or decrease number of pods deployed within the system as needed.

Usage

$ kubectl autoscale (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME | TYPE/NAME) [--min=MINPODS] --max=MAXPODS [--cpu-percent=CPU]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
cpu-percent -1 The target average CPU utilization (represented as a percent of requested CPU) over all the pods. If it's not specified or negative, a default autoscaling policy will be used.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-autoscale Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to autoscale.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
max -1 The upper limit for the number of pods that can be set by the autoscaler. Required.
min -1 The lower limit for the number of pods that can be set by the autoscaler. If it's not specified or negative, the server will apply a default value.
name The name for the newly created object. If not specified, the name of the input resource will be used.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

debug

Create an interactive debugging session in pod mypod and immediately attach to it. # (requires the EphemeralContainers feature to be enabled in the cluster)

kubectl debug mypod -it --image=busybox

Create a debug container named debugger using a custom automated debugging image. # (requires the EphemeralContainers feature to be enabled in the cluster)

kubectl debug --image=myproj/debug-tools -c debugger mypod

Create a copy of mypod adding a debug container and attach to it

kubectl debug mypod -it --image=busybox --copy-to=my-debugger

Create a copy of mypod changing the command of mycontainer

kubectl debug mypod -it --copy-to=my-debugger --container=mycontainer -- sh

Create a copy of mypod changing all container images to busybox

kubectl debug mypod --copy-to=my-debugger --set-image=*=busybox

Create a copy of mypod adding a debug container and changing container images

kubectl debug mypod -it --copy-to=my-debugger --image=debian --set-image=app=app:debug,sidecar=sidecar:debug

Create an interactive debugging session on a node and immediately attach to it. # The container will run in the host namespaces and the host's filesystem will be mounted at /host

kubectl debug node/mynode -it --image=busybox

Debug cluster resources using interactive debugging containers.

'debug' provides automation for common debugging tasks for cluster objects identified by resource and name. Pods will be used by default if no resource is specified.

The action taken by 'debug' varies depending on what resource is specified. Supported actions include:

Workload: Create a copy of an existing pod with certain attributes changed, for example changing the image tag to a new version.
Workload: Add an ephemeral container to an already running pod, for example to add debugging utilities without restarting the pod.
* Node: Create a new pod that runs in the node's host namespaces and can access the node's filesystem.

Usage

$ kubectl debug (POD | TYPE[[.VERSION].GROUP]/NAME) [ -- COMMAND [args...] ]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
arguments-only false If specified, everything after -- will be passed to the new container as Args instead of Command.
attach false If true, wait for the container to start running, and then attach as if 'kubectl attach ...' were called. Default false, unless '-i/--stdin' is set, in which case the default is true.
container c Container name to use for debug container.
copy-to Create a copy of the target Pod with this name.
env [] Environment variables to set in the container.
image Container image to use for debug container.
image-pull-policy The image pull policy for the container. If left empty, this value will not be specified by the client and defaulted by the server.
quiet q false If true, suppress informational messages.
replace false When used with '--copy-to', delete the original Pod.
same-node false When used with '--copy-to', schedule the copy of target Pod on the same node.
set-image [] When used with '--copy-to', a list of name=image pairs for changing container images, similar to how 'kubectl set image' works.
share-processes true When used with '--copy-to', enable process namespace sharing in the copy.
stdin i false Keep stdin open on the container(s) in the pod, even if nothing is attached.
target When using an ephemeral container, target processes in this container name.
tty t false Allocate a TTY for the debugging container.

diff

Diff resources included in pod.json

kubectl diff -f pod.json

Diff file read from stdin

cat service.yaml | kubectl diff -f -

Diff configurations specified by file name or stdin between the current online configuration, and the configuration as it would be if applied.

The output is always YAML.

KUBECTL_EXTERNAL_DIFF environment variable can be used to select your own diff command. Users can use external commands with params too, example: KUBECTL_EXTERNAL_DIFF="colordiff -N -u"

By default, the "diff" command available in your path will be run with the "-u" (unified diff) and "-N" (treat absent files as empty) options.

Exit status: 0 No differences were found. 1 Differences were found. >1 Kubectl or diff failed with an error.

Note: KUBECTL_EXTERNAL_DIFF, if used, is expected to follow that convention.

Usage

$ kubectl diff -f FILENAME

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
field-manager kubectl-client-side-apply Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files contains the configuration to diff
force-conflicts false If true, server-side apply will force the changes against conflicts.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
prune false Include resources that would be deleted by pruning. Can be used with -l and default shows all resources would be pruned
prune-allowlist [] Overwrite the default whitelist with <group/version/kind> for --prune
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
server-side false If true, apply runs in the server instead of the client.

edit

Edit the service named 'registry'

kubectl edit svc/registry

Use an alternative editor

KUBE_EDITOR="nano" kubectl edit svc/registry

Edit the job 'myjob' in JSON using the v1 API format

kubectl edit job.v1.batch/myjob -o json

Edit the deployment 'mydeployment' in YAML and save the modified config in its annotation

kubectl edit deployment/mydeployment -o yaml --save-config

Edit the deployment/mydeployment's status subresource

kubectl edit deployment mydeployment --subresource='status'

Edit a resource from the default editor.

The edit command allows you to directly edit any API resource you can retrieve via the command-line tools. It will open the editor defined by your KUBE_EDITOR, or EDITOR environment variables, or fall back to 'vi' for Linux or 'notepad' for Windows. You can edit multiple objects, although changes are applied one at a time. The command accepts file names as well as command-line arguments, although the files you point to must be previously saved versions of resources.

Editing is done with the API version used to fetch the resource. To edit using a specific API version, fully-qualify the resource, version, and group.

The default format is YAML. To edit in JSON, specify "-o json".

The flag --windows-line-endings can be used to force Windows line endings, otherwise the default for your operating system will be used.

In the event an error occurs while updating, a temporary file will be created on disk that contains your unapplied changes. The most common error when updating a resource is another editor changing the resource on the server. When this occurs, you will have to apply your changes to the newer version of the resource, or update your temporary saved copy to include the latest resource version.

Usage

$ kubectl edit (RESOURCE/NAME | -f FILENAME)

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
field-manager kubectl-edit Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files to use to edit the resource
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
output-patch false Output the patch if the resource is edited.
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
subresource If specified, edit will operate on the subresource of the requested object. Must be one of [status]. This flag is alpha and may change in the future.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.
windows-line-endings false Defaults to the line ending native to your platform.

kustomize

Build the current working directory

kubectl kustomize

Build some shared configuration directory

kubectl kustomize /home/config/production

Build from github

kubectl kustomize https://github.com/kubernetes-sigs/kustomize.git/examples/helloWorld?ref=v1.0.6

Build a set of KRM resources using a 'kustomization.yaml' file. The DIR argument must be a path to a directory containing 'kustomization.yaml', or a git repository URL with a path suffix specifying same with respect to the repository root. If DIR is omitted, '.' is assumed.

Usage

$ kubectl kustomize DIR

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
as-current-user false use the uid and gid of the command executor to run the function in the container
enable-alpha-plugins false enable kustomize plugins
enable-helm false Enable use of the Helm chart inflator generator.
enable-managedby-label false enable adding app.kubernetes.io/managed-by
env e [] a list of environment variables to be used by functions
helm-command helm helm command (path to executable)
load-restrictor LoadRestrictionsRootOnly if set to 'LoadRestrictionsNone', local kustomizations may load files from outside their root. This does, however, break the relocatability of the kustomization.
mount [] a list of storage options read from the filesystem
network false enable network access for functions that declare it
network-name bridge the docker network to run the container in
output o If specified, write output to this path.
reorder legacy Reorder the resources just before output. Use 'legacy' to apply a legacy reordering (Namespaces first, Webhooks last, etc). Use 'none' to suppress a final reordering.

label

Update pod 'foo' with the label 'unhealthy' and the value 'true'

kubectl label pods foo unhealthy=true

Update pod 'foo' with the label 'status' and the value 'unhealthy', overwriting any existing value

kubectl label --overwrite pods foo status=unhealthy

Update all pods in the namespace

kubectl label pods --all status=unhealthy

Update a pod identified by the type and name in "pod.json"

kubectl label -f pod.json status=unhealthy

Update pod 'foo' only if the resource is unchanged from version 1

kubectl label pods foo status=unhealthy --resource-version=1

Update pod 'foo' by removing a label named 'bar' if it exists # Does not require the --overwrite flag

kubectl label pods foo bar-

Update the labels on a resource.

A label key and value must begin with a letter or number, and may contain letters, numbers, hyphens, dots, and underscores, up to 63 characters each.
Optionally, the key can begin with a DNS subdomain prefix and a single '/', like example.com/my-app.
If --overwrite is true, then existing labels can be overwritten, otherwise attempting to overwrite a label will result in an error.
If --resource-version is specified, then updates will use this resource version, otherwise the existing resource-version will be used.

Usage

$ kubectl label [--overwrite] (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) KEY_1=VAL_1 ... KEY_N=VAL_N [--resource-version=version]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Select all resources, in the namespace of the specified resource types
all-namespaces A false If true, check the specified action in all namespaces.
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-label Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
field-selector Selector (field query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. --field-selector key1=value1,key2=value2). The server only supports a limited number of field queries per type.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to update the labels
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
list false If true, display the labels for a given resource.
local false If true, label will NOT contact api-server but run locally.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
overwrite false If true, allow labels to be overwritten, otherwise reject label updates that overwrite existing labels.
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
resource-version If non-empty, the labels update will only succeed if this is the current resource-version for the object. Only valid when specifying a single resource.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

patch

Partially update a node using a strategic merge patch, specifying the patch as JSON

kubectl patch node k8s-node-1 -p '{"spec":{"unschedulable":true}}'

Partially update a node using a strategic merge patch, specifying the patch as YAML

kubectl patch node k8s-node-1 -p $'spec:\n unschedulable: true'

Partially update a node identified by the type and name specified in "node.json" using strategic merge patch

kubectl patch -f node.json -p '{"spec":{"unschedulable":true}}'

Update a container's image; spec.containers[*].name is required because it's a merge key

kubectl patch pod valid-pod -p '{"spec":{"containers":[{"name":"kubernetes-serve-hostname","image":"new image"}]}}'

Update a container's image using a JSON patch with positional arrays

kubectl patch pod valid-pod --type='json' -p='[{"op": "replace", "path": "/spec/containers/0/image", "value":"new image"}]'

Update a deployment's replicas through the scale subresource using a merge patch.

kubectl patch deployment nginx-deployment --subresource='scale' --type='merge' -p '{"spec":{"replicas":2}}'

Update fields of a resource using strategic merge patch, a JSON merge patch, or a JSON patch.

JSON and YAML formats are accepted.

Usage

$ kubectl patch (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) [-p PATCH|--patch-file FILE]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-patch Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to update
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
local false If true, patch will operate on the content of the file, not the server-side resource.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
patch p The patch to be applied to the resource JSON file.
patch-file A file containing a patch to be applied to the resource.
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
subresource If specified, patch will operate on the subresource of the requested object. Must be one of [status scale]. This flag is alpha and may change in the future.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
type strategic The type of patch being provided; one of [json merge strategic]

replace

Replace a pod using the data in pod.json

kubectl replace -f ./pod.json

Replace a pod based on the JSON passed into stdin

cat pod.json | kubectl replace -f -

Update a single-container pod's image version (tag) to v4

kubectl get pod mypod -o yaml | sed 's/\(image: myimage\):.*$/\1:v4/' | kubectl replace -f -

Force replace, delete and then re-create the resource

kubectl replace --force -f ./pod.json

Replace a resource by file name or stdin.

JSON and YAML formats are accepted. If replacing an existing resource, the complete resource spec must be provided. This can be obtained by

$ kubectl get TYPE NAME -o yaml

Usage

$ kubectl replace -f FILENAME

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
cascade background Must be "background", "orphan", or "foreground". Selects the deletion cascading strategy for the dependents (e.g. Pods created by a ReplicationController). Defaults to background.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-replace Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] to use to replace the resource.
force false If true, immediately remove resources from API and bypass graceful deletion. Note that immediate deletion of some resources may result in inconsistency or data loss and requires confirmation.
grace-period -1 Period of time in seconds given to the resource to terminate gracefully. Ignored if negative. Set to 1 for immediate shutdown. Can only be set to 0 when --force is true (force deletion).
kustomize k Process a kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
raw Raw URI to PUT to the server. Uses the transport specified by the kubeconfig file.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
save-config false If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
subresource If specified, replace will operate on the subresource of the requested object. Must be one of [status scale]. This flag is alpha and may change in the future.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
timeout 0s The length of time to wait before giving up on a delete, zero means determine a timeout from the size of the object
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.
wait false If true, wait for resources to be gone before returning. This waits for finalizers.

rollout

Rollback to the previous deployment

kubectl rollout undo deployment/abc

Check the rollout status of a daemonset

kubectl rollout status daemonset/foo

Restart a deployment

kubectl rollout restart deployment/abc

Restart deployments with the app=nginx label

kubectl rollout restart deployment --selector=app=nginx

Manage the rollout of one or many resources.

Valid resource types include:

deployments
daemonsets
* statefulsets

Usage

$ kubectl rollout SUBCOMMAND


history

View the rollout history of a deployment

kubectl rollout history deployment/abc

View the details of daemonset revision 3

kubectl rollout history daemonset/abc --revision=3

View previous rollout revisions and configurations.

Usage

$ kubectl rollout history (TYPE NAME | TYPE/NAME) [flags]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to get from a server.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
revision 0 See the details, including podTemplate of the revision specified
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

pause

Mark the nginx deployment as paused # Any current state of the deployment will continue its function; new updates # to the deployment will not have an effect as long as the deployment is paused

kubectl rollout pause deployment/nginx

Mark the provided resource as paused.

Paused resources will not be reconciled by a controller. Use "kubectl rollout resume" to resume a paused resource. Currently only deployments support being paused.

Usage

$ kubectl rollout pause RESOURCE

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
field-manager kubectl-rollout Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to get from a server.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

restart

Restart a deployment

kubectl rollout restart deployment/nginx

Restart a daemon set

kubectl rollout restart daemonset/abc

Restart deployments with the app=nginx label

kubectl rollout restart deployment --selector=app=nginx

Restart a resource.

Resource rollout will be restarted.

Usage

$ kubectl rollout restart RESOURCE

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
field-manager kubectl-rollout Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to get from a server.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

resume

Resume an already paused deployment

kubectl rollout resume deployment/nginx

Resume a paused resource.

Paused resources will not be reconciled by a controller. By resuming a resource, we allow it to be reconciled again. Currently only deployments support being resumed.

Usage

$ kubectl rollout resume RESOURCE

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
field-manager kubectl-rollout Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to get from a server.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

status

Watch the rollout status of a deployment

kubectl rollout status deployment/nginx

Show the status of the rollout.

By default 'rollout status' will watch the status of the latest rollout until it's done. If you don't want to wait for the rollout to finish then you can use --watch=false. Note that if a new rollout starts in-between, then 'rollout status' will continue watching the latest revision. If you want to pin to a specific revision and abort if it is rolled over by another revision, use --revision=N where N is the revision you need to watch for.

Usage

$ kubectl rollout status (TYPE NAME | TYPE/NAME) [flags]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to get from a server.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
revision 0 Pin to a specific revision for showing its status. Defaults to 0 (last revision).
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
timeout 0s The length of time to wait before ending watch, zero means never. Any other values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h).
watch w true Watch the status of the rollout until it's done.

undo

Roll back to the previous deployment

kubectl rollout undo deployment/abc

Roll back to daemonset revision 3

kubectl rollout undo daemonset/abc --to-revision=3

Roll back to the previous deployment with dry-run

kubectl rollout undo --dry-run=server deployment/abc

Roll back to a previous rollout.

Usage

$ kubectl rollout undo (TYPE NAME | TYPE/NAME) [flags]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to get from a server.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
to-revision 0 The revision to rollback to. Default to 0 (last revision).

scale

Scale a replica set named 'foo' to 3

kubectl scale --replicas=3 rs/foo

Scale a resource identified by type and name specified in "foo.yaml" to 3

kubectl scale --replicas=3 -f foo.yaml

If the deployment named mysql's current size is 2, scale mysql to 3

kubectl scale --current-replicas=2 --replicas=3 deployment/mysql

Scale multiple replication controllers

kubectl scale --replicas=5 rc/foo rc/bar rc/baz

Scale stateful set named 'web' to 3

kubectl scale --replicas=3 statefulset/web

Set a new size for a deployment, replica set, replication controller, or stateful set.

Scale also allows users to specify one or more preconditions for the scale action.

If --current-replicas or --resource-version is specified, it is validated before the scale is attempted, and it is guaranteed that the precondition holds true when the scale is sent to the server.

Usage

$ kubectl scale [--resource-version=version] [--current-replicas=count] --replicas=COUNT (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME)

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Select all resources in the namespace of the specified resource types
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
current-replicas -1 Precondition for current size. Requires that the current size of the resource match this value in order to scale. -1 (default) for no condition.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to set a new size
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
replicas 0 The new desired number of replicas. Required.
resource-version Precondition for resource version. Requires that the current resource version match this value in order to scale.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
timeout 0s The length of time to wait before giving up on a scale operation, zero means don't wait. Any other values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h).

set

Configure application resources.

These commands help you make changes to existing application resources.

Usage

$ kubectl set SUBCOMMAND


env

Update deployment 'registry' with a new environment variable

kubectl set env deployment/registry STORAGE_DIR=/local

List the environment variables defined on a deployments 'sample-build'

kubectl set env deployment/sample-build --list

List the environment variables defined on all pods

kubectl set env pods --all --list

Output modified deployment in YAML, and does not alter the object on the server

kubectl set env deployment/sample-build STORAGE_DIR=/data -o yaml

Update all containers in all replication controllers in the project to have ENV=prod

kubectl set env rc --all ENV=prod

Import environment from a secret

kubectl set env --from=secret/mysecret deployment/myapp

Import environment from a config map with a prefix

kubectl set env --from=configmap/myconfigmap --prefix=MYSQL_ deployment/myapp

Import specific keys from a config map

kubectl set env --keys=my-example-key --from=configmap/myconfigmap deployment/myapp

Remove the environment variable ENV from container 'c1' in all deployment configs

kubectl set env deployments --all --containers="c1" ENV-

Remove the environment variable ENV from a deployment definition on disk and # update the deployment config on the server

kubectl set env -f deploy.json ENV-

Set some of the local shell environment into a deployment config on the server

env | grep RAILS_ | kubectl set env -e - deployment/registry

Update environment variables on a pod template.

List environment variable definitions in one or more pods, pod templates. Add, update, or remove container environment variable definitions in one or more pod templates (within replication controllers or deployment configurations). View or modify the environment variable definitions on all containers in the specified pods or pod templates, or just those that match a wildcard.

If "--env -" is passed, environment variables can be read from STDIN using the standard env syntax.

Possible resources include (case insensitive):

pod (po), replicationcontroller (rc), deployment (deploy), daemonset (ds), statefulset (sts), cronjob (cj), replicaset (rs)

Usage

$ kubectl set env RESOURCE/NAME KEY_1=VAL_1 ... KEY_N=VAL_N

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false If true, select all resources in the namespace of the specified resource types
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
containers c * The names of containers in the selected pod templates to change - may use wildcards
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
env e [] Specify a key-value pair for an environment variable to set into each container.
field-manager kubectl-set Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files the resource to update the env
from The name of a resource from which to inject environment variables
keys [] Comma-separated list of keys to import from specified resource
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
list false If true, display the environment and any changes in the standard format. this flag will removed when we have kubectl view env.
local false If true, set env will NOT contact api-server but run locally.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
overwrite true If true, allow environment to be overwritten, otherwise reject updates that overwrite existing environment.
prefix Prefix to append to variable names
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
resolve false If true, show secret or configmap references when listing variables
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

image

Set a deployment's nginx container image to 'nginx:1.9.1', and its busybox container image to 'busybox'

kubectl set image deployment/nginx busybox=busybox nginx=nginx:1.9.1

Update all deployments' and rc's nginx container's image to 'nginx:1.9.1'

kubectl set image deployments,rc nginx=nginx:1.9.1 --all

Update image of all containers of daemonset abc to 'nginx:1.9.1'

kubectl set image daemonset abc *=nginx:1.9.1

Print result (in yaml format) of updating nginx container image from local file, without hitting the server

kubectl set image -f path/to/file.yaml nginx=nginx:1.9.1 --local -o yaml

Update existing container image(s) of resources.

Possible resources include (case insensitive):

pod (po), replicationcontroller (rc), deployment (deploy), daemonset (ds), statefulset (sts), cronjob (cj), replicaset (rs)

Usage

$ kubectl set image (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) CONTAINER_NAME_1=CONTAINER_IMAGE_1 ... CONTAINER_NAME_N=CONTAINER_IMAGE_N

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Select all resources, in the namespace of the specified resource types
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-set Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to get from a server.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
local false If true, set image will NOT contact api-server but run locally.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

resources

Set a deployments nginx container cpu limits to "200m" and memory to "512Mi"

kubectl set resources deployment nginx -c=nginx --limits=cpu=200m,memory=512Mi

Set the resource request and limits for all containers in nginx

kubectl set resources deployment nginx --limits=cpu=200m,memory=512Mi --requests=cpu=100m,memory=256Mi

Remove the resource requests for resources on containers in nginx

kubectl set resources deployment nginx --limits=cpu=0,memory=0 --requests=cpu=0,memory=0

Print the result (in yaml format) of updating nginx container limits from a local, without hitting the server

kubectl set resources -f path/to/file.yaml --limits=cpu=200m,memory=512Mi --local -o yaml

Specify compute resource requirements (CPU, memory) for any resource that defines a pod template. If a pod is successfully scheduled, it is guaranteed the amount of resource requested, but may burst up to its specified limits.

For each compute resource, if a limit is specified and a request is omitted, the request will default to the limit.

Possible resources include (case insensitive): Use "kubectl api-resources" for a complete list of supported resources..

Usage

$ kubectl set resources (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) ([--limits=LIMITS & --requests=REQUESTS]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Select all resources, in the namespace of the specified resource types
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
containers c * The names of containers in the selected pod templates to change, all containers are selected by default - may use wildcards
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-set Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to get from a server.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
limits The resource requirement requests for this container. For example, 'cpu=100m,memory=256Mi'. Note that server side components may assign requests depending on the server configuration, such as limit ranges.
local false If true, set resources will NOT contact api-server but run locally.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
requests The resource requirement requests for this container. For example, 'cpu=100m,memory=256Mi'. Note that server side components may assign requests depending on the server configuration, such as limit ranges.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

selector

Set the labels and selector before creating a deployment/service pair

kubectl create service clusterip my-svc --clusterip="None" -o yaml --dry-run=client | kubectl set selector --local -f - 'environment=qa' -o yaml | kubectl create -f - kubectl create deployment my-dep -o yaml --dry-run=client | kubectl label --local -f - environment=qa -o yaml | kubectl create -f -

Set the selector on a resource. Note that the new selector will overwrite the old selector if the resource had one prior to the invocation of 'set selector'.

A selector must begin with a letter or number, and may contain letters, numbers, hyphens, dots, and underscores, up to 63 characters. If --resource-version is specified, then updates will use this resource version, otherwise the existing resource-version will be used. Note: currently selectors can only be set on Service objects.

Usage

$ kubectl set selector (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) EXPRESSIONS [--resource-version=version]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Select all resources in the namespace of the specified resource types
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-set Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] identifying the resource.
local false If true, annotation will NOT contact api-server but run locally.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R true Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
resource-version If non-empty, the selectors update will only succeed if this is the current resource-version for the object. Only valid when specifying a single resource.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

serviceaccount

Set deployment nginx-deployment's service account to serviceaccount1

kubectl set serviceaccount deployment nginx-deployment serviceaccount1

Print the result (in YAML format) of updated nginx deployment with the service account from local file, without hitting the API server

kubectl set sa -f nginx-deployment.yaml serviceaccount1 --local --dry-run=client -o yaml

Update the service account of pod template resources.

Possible resources (case insensitive) can be:

replicationcontroller (rc), deployment (deploy), daemonset (ds), job, replicaset (rs), statefulset

Usage

$ kubectl set serviceaccount (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) SERVICE_ACCOUNT

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Select all resources, in the namespace of the specified resource types
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-set Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to get from a server.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
local false If true, set serviceaccount will NOT contact api-server but run locally.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
record false Record current kubectl command in the resource annotation. If set to false, do not record the command. If set to true, record the command. If not set, default to updating the existing annotation value only if one already exists.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

subject

Update a cluster role binding for serviceaccount1

kubectl set subject clusterrolebinding admin --serviceaccount=namespace:serviceaccount1

Update a role binding for user1, user2, and group1

kubectl set subject rolebinding admin --user=user1 --user=user2 --group=group1

Print the result (in YAML format) of updating rolebinding subjects from a local, without hitting the server

kubectl create rolebinding admin --role=admin --user=admin -o yaml --dry-run=client | kubectl set subject --local -f - --user=foo -o yaml

Update the user, group, or service account in a role binding or cluster role binding.

Usage

$ kubectl set subject (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) [--user=username] [--group=groupname] [--serviceaccount=namespace:serviceaccountname] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Select all resources, in the namespace of the specified resource types
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-set Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files the resource to update the subjects
group [] Groups to bind to the role
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
local false If true, set subject will NOT contact api-server but run locally.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
serviceaccount [] Service accounts to bind to the role
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

wait

Wait for the pod "busybox1" to contain the status condition of type "Ready"

kubectl wait --for=condition=Ready pod/busybox1

The default value of status condition is true; you can wait for other targets after an equal delimiter (compared after Unicode simple case folding, which is a more general form of case-insensitivity):

kubectl wait --for=condition=Ready=false pod/busybox1

Wait for the pod "busybox1" to contain the status phase to be "Running".

kubectl wait --for=jsonpath='{.status.phase}'=Running pod/busybox1

Wait for the pod "busybox1" to be deleted, with a timeout of 60s, after having issued the "delete" command

kubectl delete pod/busybox1 kubectl wait --for=delete pod/busybox1 --timeout=60s

Experimental: Wait for a specific condition on one or many resources.

The command takes multiple resources and waits until the specified condition is seen in the Status field of every given resource.

Alternatively, the command can wait for the given set of resources to be deleted by providing the "delete" keyword as the value to the --for flag.

A successful message will be printed to stdout indicating when the specified condition has been met. You can use -o option to change to output destination.

Usage

$ kubectl wait ([-f FILENAME] | resource.group/resource.name | resource.group [(-l label | --all)]) [--for=delete|--for condition=available|--for=jsonpath='{}'=value]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Select all resources in the namespace of the specified resource types
all-namespaces A false If present, list the requested object(s) across all namespaces. Namespace in current context is ignored even if specified with --namespace.
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
field-selector Selector (field query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. --field-selector key1=value1,key2=value2). The server only supports a limited number of field queries per type.
filename f [] identifying the resource.
for The condition to wait on: [delete|condition=condition-name[=condition-value]|jsonpath='{JSONPath expression}'=JSONPath Condition]. The default condition-value is true. Condition values are compared after Unicode simple case folding, which is a more general form of case-insensitivity.
local false If true, annotation will NOT contact api-server but run locally.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
recursive R true Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2)
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
timeout 30s The length of time to wait before giving up. Zero means check once and don't wait, negative means wait for a week.

WORKING WITH APPS

This section contains commands for inspecting and debugging your applications.

  • logs will print the logs from the specified pod + container.
  • exec can be used to get an interactive shell on a pod + container.
  • describe will print debug information about the given resource.

attach

Get output from running pod mypod; use the 'kubectl.kubernetes.io/default-container' annotation # for selecting the container to be attached or the first container in the pod will be chosen

kubectl attach mypod

Get output from ruby-container from pod mypod

kubectl attach mypod -c ruby-container

Switch to raw terminal mode; sends stdin to 'bash' in ruby-container from pod mypod # and sends stdout/stderr from 'bash' back to the client

kubectl attach mypod -c ruby-container -i -t

Get output from the first pod of a replica set named nginx

kubectl attach rs/nginx

Attach to a process that is already running inside an existing container.

Usage

$ kubectl attach (POD | TYPE/NAME) -c CONTAINER

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
container c Container name. If omitted, use the kubectl.kubernetes.io/default-container annotation for selecting the container to be attached or the first container in the pod will be chosen
pod-running-timeout 1m0s The length of time (like 5s, 2m, or 3h, higher than zero) to wait until at least one pod is running
quiet q false Only print output from the remote session
stdin i false Pass stdin to the container
tty t false Stdin is a TTY

auth

Inspect authorization

Usage

$ kubectl auth


can-i

Check to see if I can create pods in any namespace

kubectl auth can-i create pods --all-namespaces

Check to see if I can list deployments in my current namespace

kubectl auth can-i list deployments.apps

Check to see if I can do everything in my current namespace ("*" means all)

kubectl auth can-i '*' '*'

Check to see if I can get the job named "bar" in namespace "foo"

kubectl auth can-i list jobs.batch/bar -n foo

Check to see if I can read pod logs

kubectl auth can-i get pods --subresource=log

Check to see if I can access the URL /logs/

kubectl auth can-i get /logs/

List all allowed actions in namespace "foo"

kubectl auth can-i --list --namespace=foo

Check whether an action is allowed.

VERB is a logical Kubernetes API verb like 'get', 'list', 'watch', 'delete', etc. TYPE is a Kubernetes resource. Shortcuts and groups will be resolved. NONRESOURCEURL is a partial URL that starts with "/". NAME is the name of a particular Kubernetes resource. This command pairs nicely with impersonation. See --as global flag.

Usage

$ kubectl auth can-i VERB [TYPE | TYPE/NAME | NONRESOURCEURL]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all-namespaces A false If true, check the specified action in all namespaces.
list false If true, prints all allowed actions.
no-headers false If true, prints allowed actions without headers
quiet q false If true, suppress output and just return the exit code.
subresource SubResource such as pod/log or deployment/scale

reconcile

Reconcile RBAC resources from a file

kubectl auth reconcile -f my-rbac-rules.yaml

Reconciles rules for RBAC role, role binding, cluster role, and cluster role binding objects.

Missing objects are created, and the containing namespace is created for namespaced objects, if required.

Existing roles are updated to include the permissions in the input objects, and remove extra permissions if --remove-extra-permissions is specified.

Existing bindings are updated to include the subjects in the input objects, and remove extra subjects if --remove-extra-subjects is specified.

This is preferred to 'apply' for RBAC resources so that semantically-aware merging of rules and subjects is done.

Usage

$ kubectl auth reconcile -f FILENAME

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to reconcile.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
remove-extra-permissions false If true, removes extra permissions added to roles
remove-extra-subjects false If true, removes extra subjects added to rolebindings
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

cp

!!!Important Note!!! # Requires that the 'tar' binary is present in your container # image. If 'tar' is not present, 'kubectl cp' will fail. # # For advanced use cases, such as symlinks, wildcard expansion or # file mode preservation, consider using 'kubectl exec'. # Copy /tmp/foo local file to /tmp/bar in a remote pod in namespace

tar cf - /tmp/foo | kubectl exec -i -n <some-namespace> <some-pod> -- tar xf - -C /tmp/bar

Copy /tmp/foo from a remote pod to /tmp/bar locally

kubectl exec -n <some-namespace> <some-pod> -- tar cf - /tmp/foo | tar xf - -C /tmp/bar

Copy /tmp/foo_dir local directory to /tmp/bar_dir in a remote pod in the default namespace

kubectl cp /tmp/foo_dir <some-pod>:/tmp/bar_dir

Copy /tmp/foo local file to /tmp/bar in a remote pod in a specific container

kubectl cp /tmp/foo <some-pod>:/tmp/bar -c <specific-container>

Copy /tmp/foo local file to /tmp/bar in a remote pod in namespace

kubectl cp /tmp/foo <some-namespace>/<some-pod>:/tmp/bar

Copy /tmp/foo from a remote pod to /tmp/bar locally

kubectl cp <some-namespace>/<some-pod>:/tmp/foo /tmp/bar

Copy files and directories to and from containers.

Usage

$ kubectl cp <file-spec-src> <file-spec-dest>

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
container c Container name. If omitted, use the kubectl.kubernetes.io/default-container annotation for selecting the container to be attached or the first container in the pod will be chosen
no-preserve false The copied file/directory's ownership and permissions will not be preserved in the container
retries 0 Set number of retries to complete a copy operation from a container. Specify 0 to disable or any negative value for infinite retrying. The default is 0 (no retry).

describe

Describe a node

kubectl describe nodes kubernetes-node-emt8.c.myproject.internal

Describe a pod

kubectl describe pods/nginx

Describe a pod identified by type and name in "pod.json"

kubectl describe -f pod.json

Describe all pods

kubectl describe pods

Describe pods by label name=myLabel

kubectl describe po -l name=myLabel

Describe all pods managed by the 'frontend' replication controller # (rc-created pods get the name of the rc as a prefix in the pod name)

kubectl describe pods frontend

Show details of a specific resource or group of resources.

Print a detailed description of the selected resources, including related resources such as events or controllers. You may select a single object by name, all objects of that type, provide a name prefix, or label selector. For example:

$ kubectl describe TYPE NAME_PREFIX

will first check for an exact match on TYPE and NAME_PREFIX. If no such resource exists, it will output details for every resource that has a name prefixed with NAME_PREFIX.

Use "kubectl api-resources" for a complete list of supported resources.

Usage

$ kubectl describe (-f FILENAME | TYPE [NAME_PREFIX | -l label] | TYPE/NAME)

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all-namespaces A false If present, list the requested object(s) across all namespaces. Namespace in current context is ignored even if specified with --namespace.
chunk-size 500 Return large lists in chunks rather than all at once. Pass 0 to disable. This flag is beta and may change in the future.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files containing the resource to describe
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-events true If true, display events related to the described object.

exec

Get output from running the 'date' command from pod mypod, using the first container by default

kubectl exec mypod -- date

Get output from running the 'date' command in ruby-container from pod mypod

kubectl exec mypod -c ruby-container -- date

Switch to raw terminal mode; sends stdin to 'bash' in ruby-container from pod mypod # and sends stdout/stderr from 'bash' back to the client

kubectl exec mypod -c ruby-container -i -t -- bash -il

List contents of /usr from the first container of pod mypod and sort by modification time # If the command you want to execute in the pod has any flags in common (e.g. -i), # you must use two dashes (--) to separate your command's flags/arguments # Also note, do not surround your command and its flags/arguments with quotes # unless that is how you would execute it normally (i.e., do ls -t /usr, not "ls -t /usr")

kubectl exec mypod -i -t -- ls -t /usr

Get output from running 'date' command from the first pod of the deployment mydeployment, using the first container by default

kubectl exec deploy/mydeployment -- date

Get output from running 'date' command from the first pod of the service myservice, using the first container by default

kubectl exec svc/myservice -- date

Execute a command in a container.

Usage

$ kubectl exec (POD | TYPE/NAME) [-c CONTAINER] [flags] -- COMMAND [args...]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
container c Container name. If omitted, use the kubectl.kubernetes.io/default-container annotation for selecting the container to be attached or the first container in the pod will be chosen
filename f [] to use to exec into the resource
pod-running-timeout 1m0s The length of time (like 5s, 2m, or 3h, higher than zero) to wait until at least one pod is running
quiet q false Only print output from the remote session
stdin i false Pass stdin to the container
tty t false Stdin is a TTY

logs

Return snapshot logs from pod nginx with only one container

kubectl logs nginx

Return snapshot logs from pod nginx with multi containers

kubectl logs nginx --all-containers=true

Return snapshot logs from all containers in pods defined by label app=nginx

kubectl logs -l app=nginx --all-containers=true

Return snapshot of previous terminated ruby container logs from pod web-1

kubectl logs -p -c ruby web-1

Begin streaming the logs of the ruby container in pod web-1

kubectl logs -f -c ruby web-1

Begin streaming the logs from all containers in pods defined by label app=nginx

kubectl logs -f -l app=nginx --all-containers=true

Display only the most recent 20 lines of output in pod nginx

kubectl logs --tail=20 nginx

Show all logs from pod nginx written in the last hour

kubectl logs --since=1h nginx

Show logs from a kubelet with an expired serving certificate

kubectl logs --insecure-skip-tls-verify-backend nginx

Return snapshot logs from first container of a job named hello

kubectl logs job/hello

Return snapshot logs from container nginx-1 of a deployment named nginx

kubectl logs deployment/nginx -c nginx-1

Print the logs for a container in a pod or specified resource. If the pod has only one container, the container name is optional.

Usage

$ kubectl logs [-f] [-p] (POD | TYPE/NAME) [-c CONTAINER]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all-containers false Get all containers' logs in the pod(s).
container c Print the logs of this container
follow f false Specify if the logs should be streamed.
ignore-errors false If watching / following pod logs, allow for any errors that occur to be non-fatal
insecure-skip-tls-verify-backend false Skip verifying the identity of the kubelet that logs are requested from. In theory, an attacker could provide invalid log content back. You might want to use this if your kubelet serving certificates have expired.
limit-bytes 0 Maximum bytes of logs to return. Defaults to no limit.
max-log-requests 5 Specify maximum number of concurrent logs to follow when using by a selector. Defaults to 5.
pod-running-timeout 20s The length of time (like 5s, 2m, or 3h, higher than zero) to wait until at least one pod is running
prefix false Prefix each log line with the log source (pod name and container name)
previous p false If true, print the logs for the previous instance of the container in a pod if it exists.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
since 0s Only return logs newer than a relative duration like 5s, 2m, or 3h. Defaults to all logs. Only one of since-time / since may be used.
since-time Only return logs after a specific date (RFC3339). Defaults to all logs. Only one of since-time / since may be used.
tail -1 Lines of recent log file to display. Defaults to -1 with no selector, showing all log lines otherwise 10, if a selector is provided.
timestamps false Include timestamps on each line in the log output

port-forward

Listen on ports 5000 and 6000 locally, forwarding data to/from ports 5000 and 6000 in the pod

kubectl port-forward pod/mypod 5000 6000

Listen on ports 5000 and 6000 locally, forwarding data to/from ports 5000 and 6000 in a pod selected by the deployment

kubectl port-forward deployment/mydeployment 5000 6000

Listen on port 8443 locally, forwarding to the targetPort of the service's port named "https" in a pod selected by the service

kubectl port-forward service/myservice 8443:https

Listen on port 8888 locally, forwarding to 5000 in the pod

kubectl port-forward pod/mypod 8888:5000

Listen on port 8888 on all addresses, forwarding to 5000 in the pod

kubectl port-forward --address 0.0.0.0 pod/mypod 8888:5000

Listen on port 8888 on localhost and selected IP, forwarding to 5000 in the pod

kubectl port-forward --address localhost,10.19.21.23 pod/mypod 8888:5000

Listen on a random port locally, forwarding to 5000 in the pod

kubectl port-forward pod/mypod :5000

Forward one or more local ports to a pod.

Use resource type/name such as deployment/mydeployment to select a pod. Resource type defaults to 'pod' if omitted.

If there are multiple pods matching the criteria, a pod will be selected automatically. The forwarding session ends when the selected pod terminates, and a rerun of the command is needed to resume forwarding.

Usage

$ kubectl port-forward TYPE/NAME [options] [LOCAL_PORT:]REMOTE_PORT [...[LOCAL_PORT_N:]REMOTE_PORT_N]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
address [localhost] Addresses to listen on (comma separated). Only accepts IP addresses or localhost as a value. When localhost is supplied, kubectl will try to bind on both 127.0.0.1 and ::1 and will fail if neither of these addresses are available to bind.
pod-running-timeout 1m0s The length of time (like 5s, 2m, or 3h, higher than zero) to wait until at least one pod is running

proxy

To proxy all of the Kubernetes API and nothing else

kubectl proxy --api-prefix=/

To proxy only part of the Kubernetes API and also some static files # You can get pods info with 'curl localhost:8001/api/v1/pods'

kubectl proxy --www=/my/files --www-prefix=/static/ --api-prefix=/api/

To proxy the entire Kubernetes API at a different root # You can get pods info with 'curl localhost:8001/custom/api/v1/pods'

kubectl proxy --api-prefix=/custom/

Run a proxy to the Kubernetes API server on port 8011, serving static content from ./local/www/

kubectl proxy --port=8011 --www=./local/www/

Run a proxy to the Kubernetes API server on an arbitrary local port # The chosen port for the server will be output to stdout

kubectl proxy --port=0

Run a proxy to the Kubernetes API server, changing the API prefix to k8s-api # This makes e.g. the pods API available at localhost:8001/k8s-api/v1/pods/

kubectl proxy --api-prefix=/k8s-api

Creates a proxy server or application-level gateway between localhost and the Kubernetes API server. It also allows serving static content over specified HTTP path. All incoming data enters through one port and gets forwarded to the remote Kubernetes API server port, except for the path matching the static content path.

Usage

$ kubectl proxy [--port=PORT] [--www=static-dir] [--www-prefix=prefix] [--api-prefix=prefix]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
accept-hosts ^localhost$,^127.0.0.1$,^[::1]$ Regular expression for hosts that the proxy should accept.
accept-paths ^.* Regular expression for paths that the proxy should accept.
address 127.0.0.1 The IP address on which to serve on.
api-prefix / Prefix to serve the proxied API under.
append-server-path false If true, enables automatic path appending of the kube context server path to each request.
disable-filter false If true, disable request filtering in the proxy. This is dangerous, and can leave you vulnerable to XSRF attacks, when used with an accessible port.
keepalive 0s keepalive specifies the keep-alive period for an active network connection. Set to 0 to disable keepalive.
port p 8001 The port on which to run the proxy. Set to 0 to pick a random port.
reject-methods ^$ Regular expression for HTTP methods that the proxy should reject (example --reject-methods='POST,PUT,PATCH').
reject-paths ^/api/./pods/./exec,^/api/./pods/./attach Regular expression for paths that the proxy should reject. Paths specified here will be rejected even accepted by --accept-paths.
unix-socket u Unix socket on which to run the proxy.
www w Also serve static files from the given directory under the specified prefix.
www-prefix P /static/ Prefix to serve static files under, if static file directory is specified.

top

Display Resource (CPU/Memory) usage.

The top command allows you to see the resource consumption for nodes or pods.

This command requires Metrics Server to be correctly configured and working on the server.

Usage

$ kubectl top


node

Show metrics for all nodes

kubectl top node

Show metrics for a given node

kubectl top node NODE_NAME

Display resource (CPU/memory) usage of nodes.

The top-node command allows you to see the resource consumption of nodes.

Usage

$ kubectl top node [NAME | -l label]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
no-headers false If present, print output without headers
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-capacity false Print node resources based on Capacity instead of Allocatable(default) of the nodes.
sort-by If non-empty, sort nodes list using specified field. The field can be either 'cpu' or 'memory'.
use-protocol-buffers true Enables using protocol-buffers to access Metrics API.

pod

Show metrics for all pods in the default namespace

kubectl top pod

Show metrics for all pods in the given namespace

kubectl top pod --namespace=NAMESPACE

Show metrics for a given pod and its containers

kubectl top pod POD_NAME --containers

Show metrics for the pods defined by label name=myLabel

kubectl top pod -l name=myLabel

Display resource (CPU/memory) usage of pods.

The 'top pod' command allows you to see the resource consumption of pods.

Due to the metrics pipeline delay, they may be unavailable for a few minutes since pod creation.

Usage

$ kubectl top pod [NAME | -l label]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all-namespaces A false If present, list the requested object(s) across all namespaces. Namespace in current context is ignored even if specified with --namespace.
containers false If present, print usage of containers within a pod.
field-selector Selector (field query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. --field-selector key1=value1,key2=value2). The server only supports a limited number of field queries per type.
no-headers false If present, print output without headers.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
sort-by If non-empty, sort pods list using specified field. The field can be either 'cpu' or 'memory'.
use-protocol-buffers true Enables using protocol-buffers to access Metrics API.

CLUSTER MANAGEMENT


api-versions

Print the supported API versions

kubectl api-versions

Print the supported API versions on the server, in the form of "group/version".

Usage

$ kubectl api-versions


certificate

Modify certificate resources.

Usage

$ kubectl certificate SUBCOMMAND


approve

Approve CSR 'csr-sqgzp'

kubectl certificate approve csr-sqgzp

Approve a certificate signing request.

kubectl certificate approve allows a cluster admin to approve a certificate signing request (CSR). This action tells a certificate signing controller to issue a certificate to the requestor with the attributes requested in the CSR.

SECURITY NOTICE: Depending on the requested attributes, the issued certificate can potentially grant a requester access to cluster resources or to authenticate as a requested identity. Before approving a CSR, ensure you understand what the signed certificate can do.

Usage

$ kubectl certificate approve (-f FILENAME | NAME)

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to update
force false Update the CSR even if it is already approved.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

deny

Deny CSR 'csr-sqgzp'

kubectl certificate deny csr-sqgzp

Deny a certificate signing request.

kubectl certificate deny allows a cluster admin to deny a certificate signing request (CSR). This action tells a certificate signing controller to not to issue a certificate to the requestor.

Usage

$ kubectl certificate deny (-f FILENAME | NAME)

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
filename f [] Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to update
force false Update the CSR even if it is already denied.
kustomize k Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
recursive R false Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

cluster-info

Print the address of the control plane and cluster services

kubectl cluster-info

Display addresses of the control plane and services with label kubernetes.io/cluster-service=true. To further debug and diagnose cluster problems, use 'kubectl cluster-info dump'.

Usage

$ kubectl cluster-info


dump

Dump current cluster state to stdout

kubectl cluster-info dump

Dump current cluster state to /path/to/cluster-state

kubectl cluster-info dump --output-directory=/path/to/cluster-state

Dump all namespaces to stdout

kubectl cluster-info dump --all-namespaces

Dump a set of namespaces to /path/to/cluster-state

kubectl cluster-info dump --namespaces default,kube-system --output-directory=/path/to/cluster-state

Dump cluster information out suitable for debugging and diagnosing cluster problems. By default, dumps everything to stdout. You can optionally specify a directory with --output-directory. If you specify a directory, Kubernetes will build a set of files in that directory. By default, only dumps things in the current namespace and 'kube-system' namespace, but you can switch to a different namespace with the --namespaces flag, or specify --all-namespaces to dump all namespaces.

The command also dumps the logs of all of the pods in the cluster; these logs are dumped into different directories based on namespace and pod name.

Usage

$ kubectl cluster-info dump

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all-namespaces A false If true, dump all namespaces. If true, --namespaces is ignored.
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
namespaces [] A comma separated list of namespaces to dump.
output o json Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
output-directory Where to output the files. If empty or '-' uses stdout, otherwise creates a directory hierarchy in that directory
pod-running-timeout 20s The length of time (like 5s, 2m, or 3h, higher than zero) to wait until at least one pod is running
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

cordon

Mark node "foo" as unschedulable

kubectl cordon foo

Mark node as unschedulable.

Usage

$ kubectl cordon NODE

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

drain

Drain node "foo", even if there are pods not managed by a replication controller, replica set, job, daemon set or stateful set on it

kubectl drain foo --force

As above, but abort if there are pods not managed by a replication controller, replica set, job, daemon set or stateful set, and use a grace period of 15 minutes

kubectl drain foo --grace-period=900

Drain node in preparation for maintenance.

The given node will be marked unschedulable to prevent new pods from arriving. 'drain' evicts the pods if the API server supports https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/workloads/pods/disruptions/ . Otherwise, it will use normal DELETE to delete the pods. The 'drain' evicts or deletes all pods except mirror pods (which cannot be deleted through the API server). If there are daemon set-managed pods, drain will not proceed without --ignore-daemonsets, and regardless it will not delete any daemon set-managed pods, because those pods would be immediately replaced by the daemon set controller, which ignores unschedulable markings. If there are any pods that are neither mirror pods nor managed by a replication controller, replica set, daemon set, stateful set, or job, then drain will not delete any pods unless you use --force. --force will also allow deletion to proceed if the managing resource of one or more pods is missing.

'drain' waits for graceful termination. You should not operate on the machine until the command completes.

When you are ready to put the node back into service, use kubectl uncordon, which will make the node schedulable again.

https://kubernetes.io/images/docs/kubectl_drain.svg

Usage

$ kubectl drain NODE

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
chunk-size 500 Return large lists in chunks rather than all at once. Pass 0 to disable. This flag is beta and may change in the future.
delete-emptydir-data false Continue even if there are pods using emptyDir (local data that will be deleted when the node is drained).
delete-local-data false Continue even if there are pods using emptyDir (local data that will be deleted when the node is drained).
disable-eviction false Force drain to use delete, even if eviction is supported. This will bypass checking PodDisruptionBudgets, use with caution.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
force false Continue even if there are pods that do not declare a controller.
grace-period -1 Period of time in seconds given to each pod to terminate gracefully. If negative, the default value specified in the pod will be used.
ignore-daemonsets false Ignore DaemonSet-managed pods.
pod-selector Label selector to filter pods on the node
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
skip-wait-for-delete-timeout 0 If pod DeletionTimestamp older than N seconds, skip waiting for the pod. Seconds must be greater than 0 to skip.
timeout 0s The length of time to wait before giving up, zero means infinite

taint

Update node 'foo' with a taint with key 'dedicated' and value 'special-user' and effect 'NoSchedule' # If a taint with that key and effect already exists, its value is replaced as specified

kubectl taint nodes foo dedicated=special-user:NoSchedule

Remove from node 'foo' the taint with key 'dedicated' and effect 'NoSchedule' if one exists

kubectl taint nodes foo dedicated:NoSchedule-

Remove from node 'foo' all the taints with key 'dedicated'

kubectl taint nodes foo dedicated-

Add a taint with key 'dedicated' on nodes having label mylabel=X

kubectl taint node -l myLabel=X dedicated=foo:PreferNoSchedule

Add to node 'foo' a taint with key 'bar' and no value

kubectl taint nodes foo bar:NoSchedule

Update the taints on one or more nodes.

A taint consists of a key, value, and effect. As an argument here, it is expressed as key=value:effect.
The key must begin with a letter or number, and may contain letters, numbers, hyphens, dots, and underscores, up to 253 characters.
Optionally, the key can begin with a DNS subdomain prefix and a single '/', like example.com/my-app.
The value is optional. If given, it must begin with a letter or number, and may contain letters, numbers, hyphens, dots, and underscores, up to 63 characters.
The effect must be NoSchedule, PreferNoSchedule or NoExecute.
Currently taint can only apply to node.

Usage

$ kubectl taint NODE NAME KEY_1=VAL_1:TAINT_EFFECT_1 ... KEY_N=VAL_N:TAINT_EFFECT_N

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all false Select all nodes in the cluster
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
field-manager kubectl-taint Name of the manager used to track field ownership.
output o Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
overwrite false If true, allow taints to be overwritten, otherwise reject taint updates that overwrite existing taints.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].
validate strict Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

uncordon

Mark node "foo" as schedulable

kubectl uncordon foo

Mark node as schedulable.

Usage

$ kubectl uncordon NODE

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
dry-run none Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.
selector l Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

KUBECTL SETTINGS AND USAGE


alpha

These commands correspond to alpha features that are not enabled in Kubernetes clusters by default.

Usage

$ kubectl alpha


events

List recent events in the default namespace.

kubectl alpha events

List recent events in all namespaces.

kubectl alpha events --all-namespaces

List recent events for the specified pod, then wait for more events and list them as they arrive.

kubectl alpha events --for pod/web-pod-13je7 --watch

Experimental: Display events

Prints a table of the most important information about events. You can request events for a namespace, for all namespace, or filtered to only those pertaining to a specified resource.

Usage

$ kubectl alpha events [--for TYPE/NAME] [--watch]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
all-namespaces A false If present, list the requested object(s) across all namespaces. Namespace in current context is ignored even if specified with --namespace.
chunk-size 500 Return large lists in chunks rather than all at once. Pass 0 to disable. This flag is beta and may change in the future.
for Filter events to only those pertaining to the specified resource.
watch w false After listing the requested events, watch for more events.

api-resources

Print the supported API resources

kubectl api-resources

Print the supported API resources with more information

kubectl api-resources -o wide

Print the supported API resources sorted by a column

kubectl api-resources --sort-by=name

Print the supported namespaced resources

kubectl api-resources --namespaced=true

Print the supported non-namespaced resources

kubectl api-resources --namespaced=false

Print the supported API resources with a specific APIGroup

kubectl api-resources --api-group=extensions

Print the supported API resources on the server.

Usage

$ kubectl api-resources

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
api-group Limit to resources in the specified API group.
cached false Use the cached list of resources if available.
namespaced true If false, non-namespaced resources will be returned, otherwise returning namespaced resources by default.
no-headers false When using the default or custom-column output format, don't print headers (default print headers).
output o Output format. One of: (wide, name).
sort-by If non-empty, sort list of resources using specified field. The field can be either 'name' or 'kind'.
verbs [] Limit to resources that support the specified verbs.

completion

Installing bash completion on macOS using homebrew ## If running Bash 3.2 included with macOS

brew install bash-completion

or, if running Bash 4.1+

brew install [email protected]

If kubectl is installed via homebrew, this should start working immediately ## If you've installed via other means, you may need add the completion to your completion directory

kubectl completion bash > $(brew --prefix)/etc/bash_completion.d/kubectl

Installing bash completion on Linux ## If bash-completion is not installed on Linux, install the 'bash-completion' package ## via your distribution's package manager. ## Load the kubectl completion code for bash into the current shell

source <(kubectl completion bash)

Write bash completion code to a file and source it from .bash_profile

kubectl completion bash > ~/.kube/completion.bash.inc printf "

Kubectl shell completion

source '$HOME/.kube/completion.bash.inc' " >> $HOME/.bash_profile source $HOME/.bash_profile

Load the kubectl completion code for zsh[1] into the current shell

source <(kubectl completion zsh)

Set the kubectl completion code for zsh[1] to autoload on startup

kubectl completion zsh > "${fpath[1]}/_kubectl"

Load the kubectl completion code for fish[2] into the current shell

kubectl completion fish | source

To load completions for each session, execute once:

kubectl completion fish > ~/.config/fish/completions/kubectl.fish

Load the kubectl completion code for powershell into the current shell

kubectl completion powershell | Out-String | Invoke-Expression

Set kubectl completion code for powershell to run on startup ## Save completion code to a script and execute in the profile

kubectl completion powershell > $HOME\.kube\completion.ps1 Add-Content $PROFILE "$HOME\.kube\completion.ps1"

Execute completion code in the profile

Add-Content $PROFILE "if (Get-Command kubectl -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue) { kubectl completion powershell | Out-String | Invoke-Expression }"

Add completion code directly to the $PROFILE script

kubectl completion powershell >> $PROFILE

Output shell completion code for the specified shell (bash, zsh, fish, or powershell). The shell code must be evaluated to provide interactive completion of kubectl commands. This can be done by sourcing it from the .bash_profile.

Detailed instructions on how to do this are available here:

for macOS:
https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/tools/install-kubectl-macos/#enable-shell-autocompletion

for linux:
https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/tools/install-kubectl-linux/#enable-shell-autocompletion

for windows:
https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/tools/install-kubectl-windows/#enable-shell-autocompletion

Note for zsh users: [1] zsh completions are only supported in versions of zsh >= 5.2.

Usage

$ kubectl completion SHELL


config

Modify kubeconfig files using subcommands like "kubectl config set current-context my-context"

The loading order follows these rules:

1. If the --kubeconfig flag is set, then only that file is loaded. The flag may only be set once and no merging takes place.
2. If $KUBECONFIG environment variable is set, then it is used as a list of paths (normal path delimiting rules for your system). These paths are merged. When a value is modified, it is modified in the file that defines the stanza. When a value is created, it is created in the first file that exists. If no files in the chain exist, then it creates the last file in the list.
3. Otherwise, ${HOME}/.kube/config is used and no merging takes place.

Usage

$ kubectl config SUBCOMMAND


current-context

Display the current-context

kubectl config current-context

Display the current-context.

Usage

$ kubectl config current-context


delete-cluster

Delete the minikube cluster

kubectl config delete-cluster minikube

Delete the specified cluster from the kubeconfig.

Usage

$ kubectl config delete-cluster NAME


delete-context

Delete the context for the minikube cluster

kubectl config delete-context minikube

Delete the specified context from the kubeconfig.

Usage

$ kubectl config delete-context NAME


delete-user

Delete the minikube user

kubectl config delete-user minikube

Delete the specified user from the kubeconfig.

Usage

$ kubectl config delete-user NAME


get-clusters

List the clusters that kubectl knows about

kubectl config get-clusters

Display clusters defined in the kubeconfig.

Usage

$ kubectl config get-clusters


get-contexts

List all the contexts in your kubeconfig file

kubectl config get-contexts

Describe one context in your kubeconfig file

kubectl config get-contexts my-context

Display one or many contexts from the kubeconfig file.

Usage

$ kubectl config get-contexts [(-o|--output=)name)]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
no-headers false When using the default or custom-column output format, don't print headers (default print headers).
output o Output format. One of: (name).

get-users

List the users that kubectl knows about

kubectl config get-users

Display users defined in the kubeconfig.

Usage

$ kubectl config get-users


rename-context

Rename the context 'old-name' to 'new-name' in your kubeconfig file

kubectl config rename-context old-name new-name

Renames a context from the kubeconfig file.

CONTEXT_NAME is the context name that you want to change.

NEW_NAME is the new name you want to set.

Note: If the context being renamed is the 'current-context', this field will also be updated.

Usage

$ kubectl config rename-context CONTEXT_NAME NEW_NAME


set

Set the server field on the my-cluster cluster to https://1.2.3.4

kubectl config set clusters.my-cluster.server https://1.2.3.4

Set the certificate-authority-data field on the my-cluster cluster

kubectl config set clusters.my-cluster.certificate-authority-data $(echo "cert_data_here" | base64 -i -)

Set the cluster field in the my-context context to my-cluster

kubectl config set contexts.my-context.cluster my-cluster

Set the client-key-data field in the cluster-admin user using --set-raw-bytes option

kubectl config set users.cluster-admin.client-key-data cert_data_here --set-raw-bytes=true

Set an individual value in a kubeconfig file.

PROPERTY_NAME is a dot delimited name where each token represents either an attribute name or a map key. Map keys may not contain dots.

PROPERTY_VALUE is the new value you want to set. Binary fields such as 'certificate-authority-data' expect a base64 encoded string unless the --set-raw-bytes flag is used.

Specifying an attribute name that already exists will merge new fields on top of existing values.

Usage

$ kubectl config set PROPERTY_NAME PROPERTY_VALUE

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
set-raw-bytes false When writing a []byte PROPERTY_VALUE, write the given string directly without base64 decoding.

set-cluster

Set only the server field on the e2e cluster entry without touching other values

kubectl config set-cluster e2e --server=https://1.2.3.4

Embed certificate authority data for the e2e cluster entry

kubectl config set-cluster e2e --embed-certs --certificate-authority=~/.kube/e2e/kubernetes.ca.crt

Disable cert checking for the e2e cluster entry

kubectl config set-cluster e2e --insecure-skip-tls-verify=true

Set custom TLS server name to use for validation for the e2e cluster entry

kubectl config set-cluster e2e --tls-server-name=my-cluster-name

Set proxy url for the e2e cluster entry

kubectl config set-cluster e2e --proxy-url=https://1.2.3.4

Set a cluster entry in kubeconfig.

Specifying a name that already exists will merge new fields on top of existing values for those fields.

Usage

$ kubectl config set-cluster NAME [--server=server] [--certificate-authority=path/to/certificate/authority] [--insecure-skip-tls-verify=true] [--tls-server-name=example.com]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
embed-certs false embed-certs for the cluster entry in kubeconfig
proxy-url proxy-url for the cluster entry in kubeconfig

set-context

Set the user field on the gce context entry without touching other values

kubectl config set-context gce --user=cluster-admin

Set a context entry in kubeconfig.

Specifying a name that already exists will merge new fields on top of existing values for those fields.

Usage

$ kubectl config set-context [NAME | --current] [--cluster=cluster_nickname] [--user=user_nickname] [--namespace=namespace]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
current false Modify the current context

set-credentials

Set only the "client-key" field on the "cluster-admin" # entry, without touching other values

kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --client-key=~/.kube/admin.key

Set basic auth for the "cluster-admin" entry

kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --username=admin --password=uXFGweU9l35qcif

Embed client certificate data in the "cluster-admin" entry

kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --client-certificate=~/.kube/admin.crt --embed-certs=true

Enable the Google Compute Platform auth provider for the "cluster-admin" entry

kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --auth-provider=gcp

Enable the OpenID Connect auth provider for the "cluster-admin" entry with additional args

kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --auth-provider=oidc --auth-provider-arg=client-id=foo --auth-provider-arg=client-secret=bar

Remove the "client-secret" config value for the OpenID Connect auth provider for the "cluster-admin" entry

kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --auth-provider=oidc --auth-provider-arg=client-secret-

Enable new exec auth plugin for the "cluster-admin" entry

kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --exec-command=/path/to/the/executable --exec-api-version=client.authentication.k8s.io/v1beta1

Define new exec auth plugin args for the "cluster-admin" entry

kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --exec-arg=arg1 --exec-arg=arg2

Create or update exec auth plugin environment variables for the "cluster-admin" entry

kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --exec-env=key1=val1 --exec-env=key2=val2

Remove exec auth plugin environment variables for the "cluster-admin" entry

kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --exec-env=var-to-remove-

Set a user entry in kubeconfig.

Specifying a name that already exists will merge new fields on top of existing values.

Client-certificate flags: --client-certificate=certfile --client-key=keyfile

Bearer token flags: --token=bearer_token

Basic auth flags: --username=basic_user --password=basic_password

Bearer token and basic auth are mutually exclusive.

Usage

$ kubectl config set-credentials NAME [--client-certificate=path/to/certfile] [--client-key=path/to/keyfile] [--token=bearer_token] [--username=basic_user] [--password=basic_password] [--auth-provider=provider_name] [--auth-provider-arg=key=value] [--exec-command=exec_command] [--exec-api-version=exec_api_version] [--exec-arg=arg] [--exec-env=key=value]

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
auth-provider Auth provider for the user entry in kubeconfig
auth-provider-arg [] 'key=value' arguments for the auth provider
embed-certs false Embed client cert/key for the user entry in kubeconfig
exec-api-version API version of the exec credential plugin for the user entry in kubeconfig
exec-arg [] New arguments for the exec credential plugin command for the user entry in kubeconfig
exec-command Command for the exec credential plugin for the user entry in kubeconfig
exec-env [] 'key=value' environment values for the exec credential plugin

unset

Unset the current-context

kubectl config unset current-context

Unset namespace in foo context

kubectl config unset contexts.foo.namespace

Unset an individual value in a kubeconfig file.

PROPERTY_NAME is a dot delimited name where each token represents either an attribute name or a map key. Map keys may not contain dots.

Usage

$ kubectl config unset PROPERTY_NAME


use-context

Use the context for the minikube cluster

kubectl config use-context minikube

Set the current-context in a kubeconfig file.

Usage

$ kubectl config use-context CONTEXT_NAME


view

Show merged kubeconfig settings

kubectl config view

Show merged kubeconfig settings and raw certificate data

kubectl config view --raw

Get the password for the e2e user

kubectl config view -o jsonpath='{.users[?(@.name == "e2e")].user.password}'

Display merged kubeconfig settings or a specified kubeconfig file.

You can use --output jsonpath={...} to extract specific values using a jsonpath expression.

Usage

$ kubectl config view

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
allow-missing-template-keys true If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.
flatten false Flatten the resulting kubeconfig file into self-contained output (useful for creating portable kubeconfig files)
merge true Merge the full hierarchy of kubeconfig files
minify false Remove all information not used by current-context from the output
output o yaml Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).
raw false Display raw byte data
show-managed-fields false If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.
template Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

explain

Get the documentation of the resource and its fields

kubectl explain pods

Get the documentation of a specific field of a resource

kubectl explain pods.spec.containers

List the fields for supported resources.

This command describes the fields associated with each supported API resource. Fields are identified via a simple JSONPath identifier:

<type>.<fieldName>[.<fieldName>]

Add the --recursive flag to display all of the fields at once without descriptions. Information about each field is retrieved from the server in OpenAPI format.

Use "kubectl api-resources" for a complete list of supported resources.

Usage

$ kubectl explain RESOURCE

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
api-version Get different explanations for particular API version (API group/version)
recursive false Print the fields of fields (Currently only 1 level deep)

options

Print flags inherited by all commands

kubectl options

Print the list of flags inherited by all commands

Usage

$ kubectl options


plugin

Provides utilities for interacting with plugins.

Plugins provide extended functionality that is not part of the major command-line distribution. Please refer to the documentation and examples for more information about how write your own plugins.

The easiest way to discover and install plugins is via the kubernetes sub-project krew. To install krew, visit https://krew.sigs.k8s.io/docs/user-guide/setup/install/

Usage

$ kubectl plugin [flags]


list

List all available plugins

kubectl plugin list

List all available plugin files on a user's PATH.

Available plugin files are those that are: - executable - anywhere on the user's PATH - begin with "kubectl-"

Usage

$ kubectl plugin list

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
name-only false If true, display only the binary name of each plugin, rather than its full path

version

Print the client and server versions for the current context

kubectl version

Print the client and server version information for the current context.

Usage

$ kubectl version

Flags

Name Shorthand Default Usage
client false If true, shows client version only (no server required).
output o One of 'yaml' or 'json'.
short false If true, print just the version number.

© 2022 The Kubernetes Authors | Documentation Distributed under CC BY 4.0
Copyright © 2022 The Linux Foundation ®. All rights reserved.
https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/generated/kubectl/kubectl-commands