# W3cubDocs

/LaTeX

### \frontmatter, \mainmatter, \backmatter

Synopsis, one or more of:

```\frontmatter
...
\mainmatter
...
\backmatter
...
```

Format a `book` class document differently according to which part of the document is being produced. All three commands are optional.

Traditionally, a book’s front matter contains such things as the title page, an abstract, a table of contents, a preface, a list of notations, a list of figures, and a list of tables. (Some of these front matter pages, such as the title page, are traditionally not numbered.) The back matter may contain such things as a glossary, notes, a bibliography, and an index.

The `\frontmatter` command makes the pages numbered in lowercase roman, and makes chapters not numbered, although each chapter’s title appears in the table of contents; if you use other sectioning commands here, use the `*`-version (see Sectioning).

The `\mainmatter` command changes the behavior back to the expected version, and resets the page number.

The `\backmatter` command leaves the page numbering alone but switches the chapters back to being not numbered.

See Larger book template, for an example using these three commands.