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array_udiff

(PHP 5, PHP 7)

array_udiffComputes the difference of arrays by using a callback function for data comparison

Description

array_udiff ( array $array , array ...$arrays , callable $value_compare_func ) : array

Computes the difference of arrays by using a callback function for data comparison. This is unlike array_diff() which uses an internal function for comparing the data.

Parameters

array

The first array.

arrays

Arrays to compare against.

value_compare_func

The callback comparison function.

The comparison function must return an integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if the first argument is considered to be respectively less than, equal to, or greater than the second.

callback ( mixed $a, mixed $b ) : int

Return Values

Returns an array containing all the values of array that are not present in any of the other arguments.

Examples

Example #1 array_udiff() example using stdClass Objects

<?php
// Arrays to compare
$array1 = array(new stdclass, new stdclass,
                new stdclass, new stdclass,
               );

$array2 = array(
                new stdclass, new stdclass,
               );

// Set some properties for each object
$array1[0]->width = 11; $array1[0]->height = 3;
$array1[1]->width = 7;  $array1[1]->height = 1;
$array1[2]->width = 2;  $array1[2]->height = 9;
$array1[3]->width = 5;  $array1[3]->height = 7;

$array2[0]->width = 7;  $array2[0]->height = 5;
$array2[1]->width = 9;  $array2[1]->height = 2;

function compare_by_area($a, $b) {
    $areaA = $a->width * $a->height;
    $areaB = $b->width * $b->height;
    
    if ($areaA < $areaB) {
        return -1;
    } elseif ($areaA > $areaB) {
        return 1;
    } else {
        return 0;
    }
}

print_r(array_udiff($array1, $array2, 'compare_by_area'));
?>

The above example will output:

Array
(
    [0] => stdClass Object
        (
            [width] => 11
            [height] => 3
        )

    [1] => stdClass Object
        (
            [width] => 7
            [height] => 1
        )

)

Example #2 array_udiff() example using DateTime Objects

<?php
class MyCalendar {
    public $free = array();
    public $booked = array();

    public function __construct($week = 'now') {
        $start = new DateTime($week);
        $start->modify('Monday this week midnight');
        $end = clone $start;
        $end->modify('Friday this week midnight');
        $interval = new DateInterval('P1D');
        foreach (new DatePeriod($start, $interval, $end) as $freeTime) {
            $this->free[] = $freeTime;
        }
    }

    public function bookAppointment(DateTime $date, $note) {
        $this->booked[] = array('date' => $date->modify('midnight'), 'note' => $note);
    }

    public function checkAvailability() {
        return array_udiff($this->free, $this->booked, array($this, 'customCompare'));
    }
    
    public function customCompare($free, $booked) {
        if (is_array($free)) $a = $free['date'];
        else $a = $free;
        if (is_array($booked)) $b = $booked['date'];
        else $b = $booked;
        if ($a == $b) {
            return 0;
        } elseif ($a > $b) {
            return 1;
        } else {
            return -1;
        }
    }
}

// Create a calendar for weekly appointments
$myCalendar = new MyCalendar;

// Book some appointments for this week
$myCalendar->bookAppointment(new DateTime('Monday this week'), "Cleaning GoogleGuy's apartment.");
$myCalendar->bookAppointment(new DateTime('Wednesday this week'), "Going on a snowboarding trip.");
$myCalendar->bookAppointment(new DateTime('Friday this week'), "Fixing buggy code.");

// Check availability of days by comparing $booked dates against $free dates
echo "I'm available on the following days this week...\n\n";
foreach ($myCalendar->checkAvailability() as $free) {
    echo $free->format('l'), "\n"; 
}
echo "\n\n";
echo "I'm busy on the following days this week...\n\n";
foreach ($myCalendar->booked as $booked) {
    echo $booked['date']->format('l'), ": ", $booked['note'], "\n"; 
}
?>

The above example will output:

I'm available on the following days this week...

Tuesday
Thursday


I'm busy on the following days this week...

Monday: Cleaning GoogleGuy's apartment.
Wednesday: Going on a snowboarding trip.
Friday: Fixing buggy code.

Notes

Note: Please note that this function only checks one dimension of a n-dimensional array. Of course you can check deeper dimensions by using array_udiff($array1[0], $array2[0], "data_compare_func");.

See Also

  • array_diff() - Computes the difference of arrays
  • array_diff_assoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check
  • array_diff_uassoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check which is performed by a user supplied callback function
  • array_udiff_assoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check, compares data by a callback function
  • array_udiff_uassoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check, compares data and indexes by a callback function
  • array_intersect() - Computes the intersection of arrays
  • array_intersect_assoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check
  • array_uintersect() - Computes the intersection of arrays, compares data by a callback function
  • array_uintersect_assoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data by a callback function
  • array_uintersect_uassoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data and indexes by separate callback functions

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License v3.0 or later.
https://www.php.net/manual/en/function.array-udiff.php