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Standard File Control Opcodes

#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE       2
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE       3
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO              4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE              6
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER            7
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED            8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY          9
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL            10
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE              11
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME                12
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    13
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA                 14
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER            15
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME           16
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE              18
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE                  19
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED              20
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC                   21
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO        22
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE       23
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK              24
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS                 25
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU                    26
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER            27
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER        28
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE       29
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PDB                    30
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE     31
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE    32
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE  33
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCK_TIMEOUT           34
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_DATA_VERSION           35
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_LIMIT             36
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CKPT_DONE              37
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_RESERVE_BYTES          38
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CKPT_START             39

These integer constants are opcodes for the xFileControl method of the sqlite3_io_methods object and for the sqlite3_file_control() interface.

  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE opcode is used for debugging. This opcode causes the xFileControl method to write the current state of the lock (one of SQLITE_LOCK_NONE, SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED, SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED, SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING, or SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE) into an integer that the pArg argument points to. This capability is used during testing and is only available when the SQLITE_TEST compile-time option is used.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT opcode is used by SQLite to give the VFS layer a hint of how large the database file will grow to be during the current transaction. This hint is not guaranteed to be accurate but it is often close. The underlying VFS might choose to preallocate database file space based on this hint in order to help writes to the database file run faster.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_LIMIT opcode is used by in-memory VFS that implements sqlite3_deserialize() to set an upper bound on the size of the in-memory database. The argument is a pointer to a sqlite3_int64. If the integer pointed to is negative, then it is filled in with the current limit. Otherwise the limit is set to the larger of the value of the integer pointed to and the current database size. The integer pointed to is set to the new limit.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE opcode is used to request that the VFS extends and truncates the database file in chunks of a size specified by the user. The fourth argument to sqlite3_file_control() should point to an integer (type int) containing the new chunk-size to use for the nominated database. Allocating database file space in large chunks (say 1MB at a time), may reduce file-system fragmentation and improve performance on some systems.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER opcode is used to obtain a pointer to the sqlite3_file object associated with a particular database connection. See also SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER opcode is used to obtain a pointer to the sqlite3_file object associated with the journal file (either the rollback journal or the write-ahead log) for a particular database connection. See also SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER.
  • No longer in use.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC opcode is generated internally by SQLite and sent to the VFS immediately before the xSync method is invoked on a database file descriptor. Or, if the xSync method is not invoked because the user has configured SQLite with PRAGMA synchronous=OFF it is invoked in place of the xSync method. In most cases, the pointer argument passed with this file-control is NULL. However, if the database file is being synced as part of a multi-database commit, the argument points to a nul-terminated string containing the transactions super-journal file name. VFSes that do not need this signal should silently ignore this opcode. Applications should not call sqlite3_file_control() with this opcode as doing so may disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes that do require it.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO opcode is generated internally by SQLite and sent to the VFS after a transaction has been committed immediately but before the database is unlocked. VFSes that do not need this signal should silently ignore this opcode. Applications should not call sqlite3_file_control() with this opcode as doing so may disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes that do require it.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY opcode is used to configure automatic retry counts and intervals for certain disk I/O operations for the windows VFS in order to provide robustness in the presence of anti-virus programs. By default, the windows VFS will retry file read, file write, and file delete operations up to 10 times, with a delay of 25 milliseconds before the first retry and with the delay increasing by an additional 25 milliseconds with each subsequent retry. This opcode allows these two values (10 retries and 25 milliseconds of delay) to be adjusted. The values are changed for all database connections within the same process. The argument is a pointer to an array of two integers where the first integer is the new retry count and the second integer is the delay. If either integer is negative, then the setting is not changed but instead the prior value of that setting is written into the array entry, allowing the current retry settings to be interrogated. The zDbName parameter is ignored.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL opcode is used to set or query the persistent Write Ahead Log setting. By default, the auxiliary write ahead log (WAL file) and shared memory files used for transaction control are automatically deleted when the latest connection to the database closes. Setting persistent WAL mode causes those files to persist after close. Persisting the files is useful when other processes that do not have write permission on the directory containing the database file want to read the database file, as the WAL and shared memory files must exist in order for the database to be readable. The fourth parameter to sqlite3_file_control() for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer. That integer is 0 to disable persistent WAL mode or 1 to enable persistent WAL mode. If the integer is -1, then it is overwritten with the current WAL persistence setting.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE opcode is used to set or query the persistent "powersafe-overwrite" or "PSOW" setting. The PSOW setting determines the SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE bit of the xDeviceCharacteristics methods. The fourth parameter to sqlite3_file_control() for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer. That integer is 0 to disable zero-damage mode or 1 to enable zero-damage mode. If the integer is -1, then it is overwritten with the current zero-damage mode setting.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE opcode is invoked by SQLite after opening a write transaction to indicate that, unless it is rolled back for some reason, the entire database file will be overwritten by the current transaction. This is used by VACUUM operations.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME opcode can be used to obtain the names of all VFSes in the VFS stack. The names are of all VFS shims and the final bottom-level VFS are written into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc() and the result is stored in the char* variable that the fourth parameter of sqlite3_file_control() points to. The caller is responsible for freeing the memory when done. As with all file-control actions, there is no guarantee that this will actually do anything. Callers should initialize the char* variable to a NULL pointer in case this file-control is not implemented. This file-control is intended for diagnostic use only.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER opcode finds a pointer to the top-level VFSes currently in use. The argument X in sqlite3_file_control(db,SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER,X) must be of type "sqlite3_vfs **". This opcodes will set *X to a pointer to the top-level VFS. When there are multiple VFS shims in the stack, this opcode finds the upper-most shim only.
  • Whenever a PRAGMA statement is parsed, an SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control is sent to the open sqlite3_file object corresponding to the database file to which the pragma statement refers. The argument to the SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control is an array of pointers to strings (char**) in which the second element of the array is the name of the pragma and the third element is the argument to the pragma or NULL if the pragma has no argument. The handler for an SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control can optionally make the first element of the char** argument point to a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() or the equivalent and that string will become the result of the pragma or the error message if the pragma fails. If the SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control returns SQLITE_NOTFOUND, then normal PRAGMA processing continues. If the SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control returns SQLITE_OK, then the parser assumes that the VFS has handled the PRAGMA itself and the parser generates a no-op prepared statement if result string is NULL, or that returns a copy of the result string if the string is non-NULL. If the SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control returns any result code other than SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_NOTFOUND, that means that the VFS encountered an error while handling the PRAGMA and the compilation of the PRAGMA fails with an error. The SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control occurs at the beginning of pragma statement analysis and so it is able to override built-in PRAGMA statements.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER file-control may be invoked by SQLite on the database file handle shortly after it is opened in order to provide a custom VFS with access to the connection's busy-handler callback. The argument is of type (void**) - an array of two (void *) values. The first (void *) actually points to a function of type (int (*)(void *)). In order to invoke the connection's busy-handler, this function should be invoked with the second (void *) in the array as the only argument. If it returns non-zero, then the operation should be retried. If it returns zero, the custom VFS should abandon the current operation.
  • Applications can invoke the SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME file-control to have SQLite generate a temporary filename using the same algorithm that is followed to generate temporary filenames for TEMP tables and other internal uses. The argument should be a char** which will be filled with the filename written into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc(). The caller should invoke sqlite3_free() on the result to avoid a memory leak.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE file control is used to query or set the maximum number of bytes that will be used for memory-mapped I/O. The argument is a pointer to a value of type sqlite3_int64 that is an advisory maximum number of bytes in the file to memory map. The pointer is overwritten with the old value. The limit is not changed if the value originally pointed to is negative, and so the current limit can be queried by passing in a pointer to a negative number. This file-control is used internally to implement PRAGMA mmap_size.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE file control provides advisory information to the VFS about what the higher layers of the SQLite stack are doing. This file control is used by some VFS activity tracing shims. The argument is a zero-terminated string. Higher layers in the SQLite stack may generate instances of this file control if the SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE compile-time option is enabled.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED file control interprets its argument as a pointer to an integer and it writes a boolean into that integer depending on whether or not the file has been renamed, moved, or deleted since it was first opened.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE opcode can be used to obtain the underlying native file handle associated with a file handle. This file control interprets its argument as a pointer to a native file handle and writes the resulting value there.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE opcode is used for debugging. This opcode causes the xFileControl method to swap the file handle with the one pointed to by the pArg argument. This capability is used during testing and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST is defined.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK is a signal to the VFS layer that it might be advantageous to block on the next WAL lock if the lock is not immediately available. The WAL subsystem issues this signal during rare circumstances in order to fix a problem with priority inversion. Applications should not use this file-control.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS opcode is implemented by zipvfs only. All other VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for this opcode.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU opcode is implemented by the special VFS used by the RBU extension only. All other VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for this opcode.
  • If the SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE opcode returns SQLITE_OK, then the file descriptor is placed in "batch write mode", which means all subsequent write operations will be deferred and done atomically at the next SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE. Systems that do not support batch atomic writes will return SQLITE_NOTFOUND. Following a successful SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE and prior to the closing SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE or SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE, SQLite will make no VFS interface calls on the same sqlite3_file file descriptor except for calls to the xWrite method and the xFileControl method with SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE opcode causes all write operations since the previous successful call to SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE to be performed atomically. This file control returns SQLITE_OK if and only if the writes were all performed successfully and have been committed to persistent storage. Regardless of whether or not it is successful, this file control takes the file descriptor out of batch write mode so that all subsequent write operations are independent. SQLite will never invoke SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE without a prior successful call to SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE opcode causes all write operations since the previous successful call to SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE to be rolled back. This file control takes the file descriptor out of batch write mode so that all subsequent write operations are independent. SQLite will never invoke SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE without a prior successful call to SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCK_TIMEOUT opcode is used to configure a VFS to block for up to M milliseconds before failing when attempting to obtain a file lock using the xLock or xShmLock methods of the VFS. The parameter is a pointer to a 32-bit signed integer that contains the value that M is to be set to. Before returning, the 32-bit signed integer is overwritten with the previous value of M.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_DATA_VERSION opcode is used to detect changes to a database file. The argument is a pointer to a 32-bit unsigned integer. The "data version" for the pager is written into the pointer. The "data version" changes whenever any change occurs to the corresponding database file, either through SQL statements on the same database connection or through transactions committed by separate database connections possibly in other processes. The sqlite3_total_changes() interface can be used to find if any database on the connection has changed, but that interface responds to changes on TEMP as well as MAIN and does not provide a mechanism to detect changes to MAIN only. Also, the sqlite3_total_changes() interface responds to internal changes only and omits changes made by other database connections. The PRAGMA data_version command provides a mechanism to detect changes to a single attached database that occur due to other database connections, but omits changes implemented by the database connection on which it is called. This file control is the only mechanism to detect changes that happen either internally or externally and that are associated with a particular attached database.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_CKPT_START opcode is invoked from within a checkpoint in wal mode before the client starts to copy pages from the wal file to the database file.
  • The SQLITE_FCNTL_CKPT_DONE opcode is invoked from within a checkpoint in wal mode after the client has finished copying pages from the wal file to the database file, but before the *-shm file is updated to record the fact that the pages have been checkpointed.

See also lists of Objects, Constants, and Functions.