/Apache HTTP Server

Apache Module mod_lbmethod_byrequests

Description: Request Counting load balancer scheduler algorithm for mod_proxy_balancer
Status: Extension
ModuleIdentifier: lbmethod_byrequests_module
SourceFile: mod_lbmethod_byrequests.c
Compatibility: Split off from mod_proxy_balancer in 2.3


This module does not provide any configuration directives of its own. It requires the services of mod_proxy_balancer, and provides the byrequests load balancing method.

Request Counting Algorithm

Enabled via lbmethod=byrequests, the idea behind this scheduler is that we distribute the requests among the various workers to ensure that each gets their configured share of the number of requests. It works as follows:

lbfactor is how much we expect this worker to work, or the workers' work quota. This is a normalized value representing their "share" of the amount of work to be done.

lbstatus is how urgent this worker has to work to fulfill its quota of work.

The worker is a member of the load balancer, usually a remote host serving one of the supported protocols.

We distribute each worker's work quota to the worker, and then look which of them needs to work most urgently (biggest lbstatus). This worker is then selected for work, and its lbstatus reduced by the total work quota we distributed to all workers. Thus the sum of all lbstatus does not change(*) and we distribute the requests as desired.

If some workers are disabled, the others will still be scheduled correctly.

for each worker in workers worker lbstatus += worker lbfactor total factor += worker lbfactor if worker lbstatus > candidate lbstatus candidate = worker candidate lbstatus -= total factor

If a balancer is configured as follows:

worker a b c d
lbfactor 25 25 25 25
lbstatus 0 0 0 0

And b gets disabled, the following schedule is produced:

worker a b c d
lbstatus -50 0 25 25
lbstatus -25 0 -25 50
lbstatus 0 0 0 0

That is it schedules: a c d a c d a c d ... Please note that:

worker a b c d
lbfactor 25 25 25 25

Has the exact same behavior as:

worker a b c d
lbfactor 1 1 1 1

This is because all values of lbfactor are normalized with respect to the others. For:

worker a b c
lbfactor 1 4 1

worker b will, on average, get 4 times the requests that a and c will.

The following asymmetric configuration works as one would expect:

worker a b
lbfactor 70 30
lbstatus -30 30
lbstatus 40 -40
lbstatus 10 -10
lbstatus -20 20
lbstatus -50 50
lbstatus 20 -20
lbstatus -10 10
lbstatus -40 40
lbstatus 30 -30
lbstatus 0 0

That is after 10 schedules, the schedule repeats and 7 a are selected with 3 b interspersed.

© 2018 The Apache Software Foundation
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.