/Apache HTTP Server

Apache Module mod_proxy_http2

Description: HTTP/2 support module for mod_proxy
Status: Extension
ModuleIdentifier: proxy_http2_module
SourceFile: mod_proxy_http2.c


mod_proxy_http2 supports HTTP/2 only, it does not provide any downgrades to HTTP/1.1. This means that the backend needs to support HTTP/2 because HTTP/1.1 will not be used instead.

This module requires the service of mod_proxy, so in order to get the ability of handling HTTP/2 proxy requests, mod_proxy and mod_proxy_http2 need to be both loaded by the server.

mod_proxy_http2 works with incoming fronted requests using HTTP/1.1 or HTTP/2. In both cases, requests proxied to the same backend are sent over a single TCP connection whenever possible (namely when the connection can be re-used).

Caveat: there will be no attemp to consolidate multiple HTTP/1.1 frontend requests (configured to be proxied to the same backend) into HTTP/2 streams belonging to the same HTTP/2 request. Each HTTP/1.1 frontend request will be proxied to the backend using a separate HTTP/2 request (trying to re-use the same TCP connection if possible).

This module relies on libnghttp2 to provide the core http/2 engine.


This module is experimental. Its behaviors, directives, and defaults are subject to more change from release to release relative to other standard modules. Users are encouraged to consult the "CHANGES" file for potential updates.


Do not enable proxying until you have secured your server. Open proxy servers are dangerous both to your network and to the Internet at large.

Basic Examples

The examples below demonstrate how to configure HTTP/2 for backend connections for a reverse proxy.


ProxyPass "/app" "h2://app.example.com"
ProxyPassReverse "/app" "https://app.example.com"

HTTP/2 (cleartext)

ProxyPass "/app" "h2c://app.example.com"
ProxyPassReverse "/app" "http://app.example.com"

The schemes to configure above in ProxyPassReverse for reverse proxying h2 (or h2c) protocols are the usual https (resp. http) as expected/used by the user agent.

Request notes

mod_proxy_http creates the following request notes for logging using the %{VARNAME}n format in LogFormat or ErrorLogFormat:

The local port used for the connection to the backend server.
The HTTP/2 status received from the backend server.

© 2018 The Apache Software Foundation
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.