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animation-delay

The animation-delay CSS property specifies the amount of time to wait from applying the animation to an element before beginning to perform the animation. The animation can start later, immediately from its beginning, or immediately and partway through the animation.

It is often convenient to use the shorthand property animation to set all animation properties at once.

Syntax

/* Single animation */
animation-delay: 3s;
animation-delay: 0s;
animation-delay: -1500ms;

/* Multiple animations */
animation-delay: 2.1s, 480ms;

Values

<time>
The time offset, from the moment at which the animation is applied to the element, at which the animation should begin. This may be specified in either seconds (s) or milliseconds (ms). The unit is required.
A positive value indicates that the animation should begin after the specified amount of time has elapsed. A value of 0s, which is the default, indicates that the animation should begin as soon as it's applied.

A negative value causes the animation to begin immediately, but partway through its cycle. For example, if you specify -1s as the animation delay time, the animation will begin immediately but will start 1 second into the animation sequence. If you specify a negative value for the animation delay, but the starting value is implicit, the starting value is taken from the moment the animation is applied to the element.

Note: When you specify multiple comma-separated values on an animation-* property, they will be assigned to the animations specified in the animation-name property in different ways depending on how many there are. For more information, see Setting multiple animation property values.

Formal definition

Initial value 0s
Applies to all elements, ::before and ::after pseudo-elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animation type discrete

Formal syntax

<time>#

Examples

The animation has a delay of 2 seconds

HTML

<div class="box"></div>

CSS

.box {
  background-color: rebeccapurple;
  border-radius: 10px;
  width: 100px;
  height: 100px;
  animation-name: rotate; 
  animation-duration: 0.7s;
  animation-delay: 2s;
}

@keyframes rotate {
  0% {
    transform: rotate(0);
  }
  100% {
    transform: rotate(360deg);
  }
}

See CSS animations for examples.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Animations
The definition of 'animation-delay' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
animation-delay 43
43
3
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
12 16
16
Before Firefox 57, Firefox does not repaint elements outside the viewport that are animated into the viewport with a delay. This bug affects only some platforms, such as Windows.
49
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
44
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
5
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
10 30
30
15
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
12.1 — 15
12 — 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -o-
9
9
4
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
animation-delay 43
43
≤37
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
43
43
18
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
16
16
49
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
44
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
5
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
30
30
14
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
12.1 — 14
12 — 14
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -o-
9
9
3.2
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
4.0
4.0
1.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-

See also

© 2005–2020 Mozilla and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/CSS/animation-delay