/Web APIs

Element: toggleAttribute() method

The toggleAttribute() method of the Element interface toggles a Boolean attribute (removing it if it is present and adding it if it is not present) on the given element.


toggleAttribute(name, force)



A string specifying the name of the attribute to be toggled. The attribute name is automatically converted to all lower-case when toggleAttribute() is called on an HTML element in an HTML document.

force Optional

A boolean value which has the following effects:

  • if not specified at all, the toggleAttribute method "toggles" the attribute named name — removing it if it is present, or else adding it if it is not present
  • if true, the toggleAttribute method adds an attribute named name
  • if false, the toggleAttribute method removes the attribute named name

Return value

true if attribute name is eventually present, and false otherwise.


InvalidCharacterError DOMException

The specified attribute name contains one or more characters which are not valid in attribute names.


In the following example, toggleAttribute() is used to toggle the disabled attribute of an <input>.


<input value="text" /> <button>toggleAttribute("disabled")</button>


const button = document.querySelector("button");
const input = document.querySelector("input");

button.addEventListener("click", () => {


DOM methods dealing with element's attributes:

Not namespace-aware, most commonly used methods Namespace-aware variants (DOM Level 2) DOM Level 1 methods for dealing with Attr nodes directly (seldom used) DOM Level 2 namespace-aware methods for dealing with Attr nodes directly (seldom used)
setAttribute (DOM 1) setAttributeNS setAttributeNode setAttributeNodeNS
getAttribute (DOM 1) getAttributeNS getAttributeNode getAttributeNodeNS
hasAttribute (DOM 2) hasAttributeNS - -
removeAttribute (DOM 1) removeAttributeNS removeAttributeNode -


Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet
toggleAttribute 69 18 63 No 56 12 69 69 63 48 12 10.0

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