/Web APIs

RTCRtpTransceiver: setCodecPreferences() method

The RTCRtpTransceiver method setCodecPreferences() configures the transceiver's codecs given a list of RTCRtpCodecCapability objects specifying the new preferences for each codec.

The specified set of codecs and configurations will be used for all future connections including this transceiver until this method is called again.

When preparing to open an RTCPeerConnection, you can change the codec parameters from the user agent's default configuration by calling setCodecParameters() before calling either RTCPeerConnection.createOffer() or createAnswer().

A guide to codecs supported by WebRTC—and each codec's positive and negative characteristics—can be found in Codecs used by WebRTC.





An array of RTCRtpCodecCapability objects, in order of preference, each providing the parameters for one of the transceiver's supported codecs. If codecs is empty, the codec configurations are all returned to the user agent's defaults.

Note: Any codecs not included in codecs will not be considered during the process of negotiating a connection. This lets you prevent the use of codecs you don't wish to use.

Return value

None (undefined).



The codecs list includes one or more codecs which are not supported by the transceiver.

Usage notes

Getting a list of supported codecs

You can only include in the codecs list codecs which the transceiver actually supports. That means that either the associated RTCRtpSender or the RTCRtpReceiver needs to support every codec in the list. If any unsupported codecs are listed, the browser will throw an InvalidAccessError exception when you call this method.

A good approach to setting codec preferences is to first get the list of codecs that are actually supported, then modify that list to match what you want. Pass the altered list into setCodecPreferences() to specify your preferences.

To determine which codecs are supported by the transceiver, call the sender's getCapabilities() and the receiver's getCapabilities() methods and get the codecs list from the results of each.

The following code snippet demonstrates how to get both the list of codecs supported by the transceiver's RTCRtpSender and RTCRtpReceiver.

const availSendCodecs = transceiver.sender.getCapabilities("video").codecs;
const availReceiveCodecs = transceiver.receiver.getCapabilities("video").codecs;


Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet
setCodecPreferences 76 79 No No 63 13.1 76 76 No 54 13.4 12.0

See also

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