<caption>: The Table Caption element

The <caption> HTML element specifies the caption (or title) of a table.

Try it


This element includes the global attributes.

Deprecated attributes

The following attributes are deprecated and should not be used. They are documented below for reference when updating existing code and for historical interest only.

align Deprecated

This enumerated attribute indicates how the caption must be aligned with respect to the table. It may have one of the following values:


The caption is displayed to the left of the table.


The caption is displayed above the table.

The caption is displayed to the right of the table.


The caption is displayed below the table.

Warning: Do not use this attribute, as it has been deprecated. The <caption> element should be styled using the CSS properties caption-side and text-align.

Usage notes

If used, the <caption> element must be the first child of its parent <table> element.

When the <table> element that contains the <caption> is the only descendant of a <figure> element, you should use the <figcaption> element instead of <caption>.

A background-color on the table will not include the caption. Add a background-color to the <caption> element as well if you want the same color to be behind both.


This simple example presents a table that includes a caption.


    Example Caption
    <td>[email protected]</td>
    <td>[email protected]</td>

Technical summary

Content categories None.
Permitted content Flow content.
Tag omission The end tag can be omitted if the element is not immediately followed by ASCII whitespace or a comment.
Permitted parents A <table> element, as its first descendant.
Implicit ARIA role caption
Permitted ARIA roles No role permitted
DOM interface HTMLTableCaptionElement


Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet
caption 1 12 1 Yes 15 ≤4 4.4 18 4 14 ≤3.2 1.0
align 1 12 1 Yes 15 ≤4 4.4 18 4 14 ≤3.2 1.0

See also

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