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<colgroup>

The <colgroup> defines a group of columns within a table.

Content categories None.
Permitted content If the span attribute is present: none, it is an empty element.
If the attribute is not present: zero or more <col> element
Tag omission The start tag may be omitted, if it has a <col> element as its first child and if it is not preceded by a <colgroup> whose end tag has been omitted.
The end tag may be omitted, if it is not followed by a space or a comment.
Permitted parents A <table> element. The <colgroup> must appear after any optional <caption> element but before any <thead>, <th>, <tbody>, <tfoot> and <tr> element.
Implicit ARIA role No corresponding role
Permitted ARIA roles No role permitted
DOM interface HTMLTableColElement

Attributes

This element's attributes include the global attributes.

span
This attribute contains a positive integer indicating the number of consecutive columns the <colgroup> element spans. If not present, its default value is 1.
Note: This attribute is applied on the attributes of the column group, it has no effect on the CSS styling rules associated with it or, even more, to the cells of the column's members of the group.
  • The span attribute is not permitted if there are one or more <col> elements within the <colgroup>.

Deprecated attributes

The following attributes are deprecated and should not be used. They are documented below for reference when updating existing code and for historical interest only.

align
This enumerated attribute specifies how horizontal alignment of each column cell content will be handled. Possible values are:
  • left, aligning the content to the left of the cell
  • center, centering the content in the cell
  • right, aligning the content to the right of the cell
  • justify, inserting spaces into the textual content so that the content is justified in the cell
  • char, aligning the textual content on a special character with a minimal offset, defined by the char and charoff attributes.

If this attribute is not set, the left value is assumed. The descendant <col> elements may override this value using their own align attribute.

Note:
  • Do not try to set the text-align property on a selector giving a <colgroup> element. Because <td> elements are not descendant of the <colgroup> element, they won't inherit it.
  • If the table doesn't use a colspan attribute, use one td:nth-child(an+b) CSS selector per column, where a is the total number of the columns in the table and b is the ordinal position of this column in the table. Only after this selector the text-align property can be used.
  • If the table does use a colspan attribute, the effect can be achieved by combining adequate CSS attribute selectors like [colspan=n], though this is not trivial.
bgcolor

The background color of the table. It is a 6-digit hexadecimal RGB code, prefixed by a '#'. One of the predefined color kewords can also be used.

To achieve a similar effect, use the CSS background-color property.

char
This attribute specifies the alignment of the content in a column group to a character. Typical values for this include a period (.) when attempting to align numbers or monetary values. If align is not set to char, this attribute is ignored, though it will still be used as the default value for the align of the <col> which are members of this column group.
charoff
This attribute is used to indicate the number of characters to offset the column data from the alignment character specified by the char attribute.
valign
This attribute specifies the vertical alignment of the text within each cell of the column. Possible values for this attribute are:
  • baseline, which will put the text as close to the bottom of the cell as it is possible, but align it on the baseline of the characters instead of the bottom of them. If characters are all of the size, this has the same effect as bottom.
  • bottom, which will put the text as close to the bottom of the cell as it is possible;
  • middle, which will center the text in the cell;
  • and top, which will put the text as close to the top of the cell as it is possible.
Note:
  • Do not try to set the vertical-align property on a selector giving a <colgroup> element. Because <td> elements are not descendant of the <colgroup> element, they won't inherit it.
  • If the table doesn't use a colspan attribute, use the td:nth-child(an+b) CSS selector per column, where a is the total number of the columns in the table and b is the ordinal position of the column in the table. Only after this selector the vertical-align property can be used.
  • If the table does use a colspan attribute, the effect can be achieved by combining adequate CSS attribute selectors like [colspan=n], though this is not trivial.

Examples

Please see the <table> page for examples on <colgroup>.

Specifications

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
colgroup 1 12 1 Yes Yes Yes
align ? 12 No
No
See bug 915
Yes ? ?
bgcolor ? ? No Yes ? ?
char ? 12 No
No
See bug 2212
Yes ? ?
charoff ? 12 No
No
See bug 2212
Yes ? ?
span 1 12 1 Yes Yes Yes
valign ? 12 No
No
See bug 915
Yes ? ?
width 1 12 1 Yes Yes Yes
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
colgroup Yes Yes 4 Yes Yes Yes
align ? ? No
No
See bug 915
? ? ?
bgcolor ? ? No ? ? ?
char ? ? No
No
See bug 2212
? ? ?
charoff ? ? No
No
See bug 2212
? ? ?
span Yes Yes 4 Yes Yes Yes
valign ? ? No
No
See bug 915
? ? ?
width Yes Yes 4 Yes Yes Yes

See also

  • CSS properties and pseudo-classes that may be specially useful to style the <col> element:
    • the width property to control the width of the column;
    • the :nth-child pseudo-class to set the alignment on the cells of the column;
    • the text-align property to align all cells content on the same character, like '.'.

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTML/Element/colgroup