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Proxy.proxy.setPrototypeOf

The handler.setPrototypeOf() method is a trap for Object.setPrototypeOf().

Syntax

const p = new Proxy(target, {
  setPrototypeOf: function(target, prototype) {
  }
});

Parameters

The following parameters are passed to the setPrototypeOf() method. this is bound to the handler.

target
The target object.
prototype
The object's new prototype or null.

Return value

The setPrototypeOf() method returns true if the [[Prototype]] was successfully changed, otherwise false.

Description

The handler.setPrototypeOf() method is a trap for Object.setPrototypeOf().

Interceptions

This trap can intercept these operations:

Invariants

If the following invariants are violated, the proxy will throw a TypeError:

  • If target is not extensible, the prototype parameter must be the same value as Object.getPrototypeOf(target).

Examples

If you want to disallow setting a new prototype for your object, your handler's setPrototypeOf() method can either return false, or it can throw an exception.

Approach 1: Returning false

This approach means that any mutating operation that throws an exception on failure to mutate, must create the exception itself.

For example, Object.setPrototypeOf() will create and throw a TypeError itself. If the mutation is performed by an operation that doesn't ordinarily throw in case of failure, such as Reflect.setPrototypeOf(), no exception will be thrown.

const handlerReturnsFalse = {
    setPrototypeOf(target, newProto) {
        return false;
    }
};

const newProto = {}, target = {};

const p1 = new Proxy(target, handlerReturnsFalse);
Object.setPrototypeOf(p1, newProto); // throws a TypeError
Reflect.setPrototypeOf(p1, newProto); // returns false

Approach 2: Throwing an Exception

The latter approach will cause any operation that attempts to mutate, to throw. This approach is best if you want even non-throwing operations to throw on failure, or you want to throw a custom exception value.

const handlerThrows = {
    setPrototypeOf(target, newProto) {
        throw new Error('custom error');
    }
}; 

const newProto = {}, target = {};

const p2 = new Proxy(target, handlerThrows);
Object.setPrototypeOf(p2, newProto);  // throws new Error("custom error")
Reflect.setPrototypeOf(p2, newProto); // throws new Error("custom error")

Specifications

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
setPrototypeOf 49 12 49 No 36 10
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
setPrototypeOf 49 49 49 36 10 5.0
Server
Node.js
setPrototypeOf 6.0.0

See also

© 2005–2018 Mozilla Developer Network and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://wiki.developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Proxy/Proxy/setPrototypeOf