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Symbol.isConcatSpreadable

The Symbol.isConcatSpreadable well-known symbol is used to configure if an object should be flattened to its array elements when using the Array.prototype.concat() method.

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Description

The @@isConcatSpreadable symbol (Symbol.isConcatSpreadable) can be defined as an own or inherited property and its value is a boolean. It can control behavior for arrays and array-like objects:

  • For array objects, the default behavior is to spread (flatten) elements. Symbol.isConcatSpreadable can avoid flattening in these cases.
  • For array-like objects, the default behavior is no spreading or flattening. Symbol.isConcatSpreadable can force flattening in these cases.
Property attributes of Symbol.isConcatSpreadable
Writable no
Enumerable no
Configurable no

Examples

Arrays

By default, Array.prototype.concat() spreads (flattens) arrays into its result:

const alpha = ['a', 'b', 'c'];
const numeric = [1, 2, 3];

const alphaNumeric = alpha.concat(numeric);

console.log(alphaNumeric); // Result: ['a', 'b', 'c', 1, 2, 3]

When setting Symbol.isConcatSpreadable to false, you can disable the default behavior:

const alpha = ['a', 'b', 'c'];
const numeric = [1, 2, 3];

numeric[Symbol.isConcatSpreadable] = false;
const alphaNumeric = alpha.concat(numeric);

console.log(alphaNumeric); // Result: ['a', 'b', 'c', [1, 2, 3] ]

Array-like objects

For array-like objects, the default is to not spread. Symbol.isConcatSpreadable needs to be set to true in order to get a flattened array:

const x = [1, 2, 3];

const fakeArray = {
  [Symbol.isConcatSpreadable]: true,
  length: 2,
  0: 'hello',
  1: 'world',
};

x.concat(fakeArray); // [1, 2, 3, "hello", "world"]

Note: The length property is used to control the number of object properties to be added. In the above example, length:2 indicates two properties has to be added.

Specifications

Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile Server
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet Deno Node.js
isConcatSpreadable
48
15
48
No
35
10
48
48
48
35
10
5.0
1.0
6.0.0

See also

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Symbol/isConcatSpreadable