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TypedArray.from

The TypedArray.from() method creates a new typed array from an array-like or iterable object. This method is nearly the same as Array.from().

Syntax

TypedArray.from(source[, mapFn[, thisArg]])

Where TypedArray is one of:

Parameters

source
An array-like or iterable object to convert to a typed array.
mapFn Optional
Map function to call on every element of the typed array.
thisArg Optional
Value to use as this when executing mapFn.

Return value

A new TypedArray instance.

Description

TypedArray.from() lets you create typed arrays from:

  • array-like objects (objects with a length property and indexed elements); or
  • iterable objects (objects where you can get its elements, such as Map and Set).

TypedArray.from() has the optional parameter mapFn, which allows you to execute a map() function on each element of the typed array (or subclass object) that is being created. This means that the following are equivalent:

  • TypedArray.from(obj, mapFn, thisArg)
  • TypedArray.from(Array.prototype.map.call(obj, mapFn, thisArg)).

The length property of the from() method is 1.

Differences from Array.from()

Some subtle distinctions between Array.from() and TypedArray.from():

  • If the thisArg value passed to TypedArray.from() is not a constructor, TypedArray.from() will throw a TypeError, where Array.from() defaults to creating a new Array.
  • TypedArray.from() uses [[Put]] where Array.from() uses [[DefineProperty]]. Hence, when working with Proxy objects, it calls handler.set to create new elements rather than handler.defineProperty().
  • When the source parameter is an iterator, the TypedArray.from() first collects all the values from the iterator, then creates an instance of thisArg using the count, then sets the values on the instance. Array.from() sets each value as it receives them from the iterator, then sets its length at the end.
  • When Array.from() gets an array-like which isn't an iterator, it respects holes. TypedArray.from() will ensure the result is dense.

Polyfill

You can partially work around this by inserting the following code at the beginning of your scripts, allowing use of much of the functionality of from() in implementations that do not natively support it.

if (!Int8Array.__proto__.from) {
    (function () {
        Int8Array.__proto__.from = function (obj, func, thisObj) {

            var typedArrayClass = Int8Array.__proto__;
            if(typeof this !== 'function') {
                throw new TypeError('# is not a constructor');
            }
            if (this.__proto__ !== typedArrayClass) {
                throw new TypeError('this is not a typed array.');
            }
 
            func = func || function (elem) {
                    return elem;
                };

            if (typeof func !== 'function') {
                throw new TypeError('specified argument is not a function');
            }

            obj = Object(obj);
            if (!obj['length']) {
                return new this(0);
            }
            var copy_data = [];
            for(var i = 0; i < obj.length; i++) {
                copy_data.push(obj[i]);
            }

            copy_data = copy_data.map(func, thisObj);

            var typed_array = new this(copy_data.length);
            for(var i = 0; i < typed_array.length; i++) {
                typed_array[i] = copy_data[i];
            }
            return typed_array;
        }
    })();
}

Examples

From an iterable object (Set)

const s = new Set([1, 2, 3]);
Uint8Array.from(s);
// Uint8Array [ 1, 2, 3 ]

From a string

Int16Array.from('123');
// Int16Array [ 1, 2, 3 ]

Use with arrow function and map

Using an arrow function as the map function to manipulate the elements

Float32Array.from([1, 2, 3], x => x + x);
// Float32Array [ 2, 4, 6 ]

Generate a sequence of numbers

Uint8Array.from({length: 5}, (v, k) => k);
// Uint8Array [ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 ]

Specifications

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
from 45 14 38 No No 10
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
from No No 38 No 10 No
Server
Node.js
from 4.0.0

See also

© 2005–2018 Mozilla Developer Network and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://wiki.developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/TypedArray/from