Babel Relay Plugin

babel-relay-plugin is deprecated. Use babel-plugin-relay with Relay Classic.

Relay uses a babel plugin to convert from Relay.QL string templates to JavaScript code that describes each query and includes data from the GraphQL schema.

While you type queries as follows:

  fragment on User {
    # ...

This gets converted into an immediately-invoked function:

(function() {
  // Return a description of the query ...


The easiest way to get started for now is with the Relay Starter Kit - this includes an example schema file and configures the babel-relay-plugin npm module to transpile queries.

React Native Configuration

The babel-relay-plugin must run before the react-native Babel preset. Thus, in .babelrc "react-native" must come after babelRelayPlugin.

  "plugins": [
  "presets": [

The reasoning is that if babel-plugin-relay does not run before the es2015-template-literals transform, it will not transform the Relay.QL template literals correctly. Also in Babel 6, you can’t control plugin order. So in React Native, where plugins in .babelrc are loaded before the projects .babelrc, it’s impossible to use the Babel Relay Plugin without overriding the entire transform list.

Schema JSON

The plugin needs to understand your schema - schemaData in the above snippet. There are two ways to get this information, depending on the GraphQL implementation.

Using graphql

Use introspectionQuery to generate a Schema JSON for the Babel Relay Plugin, and use printSchema to generate a user readable type system shorthand:

import fs from 'fs';
import path from 'path';
import {graphql}  from 'graphql';
import {introspectionQuery, printSchema} from 'graphql';

// Assume your schema is in ../data/schema
import {schema} from '../data/schema';
const yourSchemaPath = path.join(__dirname, '../data/schema');

// Save JSON of full schema introspection for Babel Relay Plugin to use
graphql(schema, introspectionQuery).then(result => {
    JSON.stringify(result, null, 2)

// Save user readable type system shorthand of schema

For a complete example of how to load a schema.js file, run the introspection query to get schema information, and save it to a JSON file, check out the starter kit.

Using Other GraphQL Implementations

If you're using a different GraphQL server implementation, we recommend adapting the above example to load the schema from your GraphQL server (e.g. via an HTTP request) and then save the result as JSON.

An example using fetch looks like this:

const fetch = require('node-fetch');
const fs = require('fs');
const {
} = require('graphql/utilities');
const path = require('path');
const schemaPath = path.join(__dirname, 'schema');

const SERVER = 'http://example.com/graphql';

// Save JSON of full schema introspection for Babel Relay Plugin to use
fetch(SERVER, {
  method: 'POST',
  headers: {
    'Accept': 'application/json',
    'Content-Type': 'application/json'
  body: JSON.stringify({'query': introspectionQuery}),
}).then(res => res.json()).then(schemaJSON => {
    JSON.stringify(schemaJSON, null, 2)

  // Save user readable type system shorthand of schema
  const graphQLSchema = buildClientSchema(schemaJSON.data);

© 2013–present Facebook Inc.
Licensed under the BSD License.