Browser support

Angular supports most recent browsers. This includes the following specific versions:

Browser Supported versions
Chrome latest
Firefox latest and extended support release (ESR)
Edge 2 most recent major versions
Safari 2 most recent major versions
iOS 2 most recent major versions
Android Q (10.0), Pie (9.0), Oreo (8.0), Nougat (7.0)

Angular's continuous integration process runs unit tests of the framework on all of these browsers for every pull request, using SauceLabs and Browserstack.


Angular is built on the latest standards of the web platform. Targeting such a wide range of browsers is challenging because they do not support all features of modern browsers. You compensate by loading polyfill scripts ("polyfills") for the browsers that you must support. The table below identifies most of the polyfills you might need.

The suggested polyfills are the ones that run full Angular applications. You may need additional polyfills to support features not covered by this list. Note that polyfills cannot magically transform an old, slow browser into a modern, fast one.

In Angular CLI version 8 and higher, applications are built using differential loading, a strategy where the CLI builds two separate bundles as part of your deployed application.

  • The first bundle contains modern ES2015 syntax, takes advantage of built-in support in modern browsers, ships less polyfills, and results in a smaller bundle size.

  • The second bundle contains code in the old ES5 syntax, along with all necessary polyfills. This results in a larger bundle size, but supports older browsers.

This strategy allows you to continue to build your web application to support multiple browsers, but only load the necessary code that the browser needs. For more information about how this works, see Differential Loading in the Deployment guide.

Enabling polyfills with CLI projects

The Angular CLI provides support for polyfills. If you are not using the CLI to create your projects, see Polyfill instructions for non-CLI users.

When you create a project with the ng new command, a src/polyfills.ts configuration file is created as part of your project folder. This file incorporates the mandatory and many of the optional polyfills as JavaScript import statements.

  • The npm packages for the mandatory polyfills (such as zone.js) are installed automatically for you when you create your project with ng new, and their corresponding import statements are already enabled in the src/polyfills.ts configuration file.

  • If you need an optional polyfill, you must install its npm package, then uncomment or create the corresponding import statement in the src/polyfills.ts configuration file.

For example, if you need the optional web animations polyfill, you could install it with npm, using the following command (or the yarn equivalent):

# install the optional web animations polyfill
  npm install --save web-animations-js

You can then add the import statement in the src/polyfills.ts file. For many polyfills, you can simply un-comment the corresponding import statement in the file, as in the following example.

  * Required to support Web Animations `@angular/platform-browser/animations`.
  * Needed for: All but Chrome, Firefox and Opera. http://caniuse.com/#feat=web-animation
  import 'web-animations-js';  // Run `npm install --save web-animations-js`.

If the polyfill you want is not already in polyfills.ts file, add the import statement by hand.

Mandatory polyfills

These are the polyfills required to run an Angular application on each supported browser:

Browsers (Desktop & Mobile) Polyfills Required
Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Safari, Android, IE 11


Optional browser features to polyfill

Some features of Angular may require additional polyfills.

Feature Polyfill Browsers (Desktop & Mobile)

AnimationBuilder. (Standard animation support does not require polyfills.)

Web Animations

If AnimationBuilder is used, enables scrubbing support for IE/Edge and Safari. (Chrome and Firefox support this natively).

NgClass on SVG elements


IE 11

Router when using hash-based routing


IE 11

Suggested polyfills

The following polyfills are used to test the framework itself. They are a good starting point for an application.

Polyfill License Size*




MIT 27.4KB


Public domain 1KB


MIT / Unicode license 13.5KB

Web Animations

Apache 14.8KB

* Figures are for minified and gzipped code, computed with the closure compiler.

Polyfills for non-CLI users

If you are not using the CLI, add your polyfill scripts directly to the host web page (index.html).

For example:

<!-- pre-zone polyfills -->
  <script src="node_modules/core-js/client/shim.min.js"></script>
  <script src="node_modules/web-animations-js/web-animations.min.js"></script>
     * you can configure some zone flags which can disable zone interception for some
     * asynchronous activities to improve startup performance - use these options only
     * if you know what you are doing as it could result in hard to trace down bugs..
    // __Zone_disable_requestAnimationFrame = true; // disable patch requestAnimationFrame
    // __Zone_disable_on_property = true; // disable patch onProperty such as onclick
    // __zone_symbol__UNPATCHED_EVENTS = ['scroll', 'mousemove']; // disable patch specified eventNames

     * in IE/Edge developer tools, the addEventListener will also be wrapped by zone.js
     * with the following flag, it will bypass `zone.js` patch for IE/Edge
    // __Zone_enable_cross_context_check = true;
  <!-- zone.js required by Angular -->
  <script src="node_modules/zone.js/bundles/zone.umd.js"></script>

  <!-- application polyfills -->

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